Flashcards in Gender and crime Deck (15):
what is malestream bias?
focus on male crime
who found that there were equal rates of domestic violence in both genders?
Archer and Strauss (2000)
what is the chivalry thesis?
the idea that criminal justice agents are socialised to act in a chivalrous way towards women
what is an expressive role?
being caring, gentle and nurturing
what is an instrumental role?
being the provider
what is the sex role theory?
the idea that women are caring and men are the providers and male children seek to distance themselves from femininity
what is compensatory compulsory masculinity?
To distance themselves from femininity males become aggressive and anti-social
what is control theory?
the idea that women are controlled through patriarchy
what is the class deal?
working class women are led to conform by being offered rewards at work that allow a decent standard of living
what is the gender deal?
working class women are led to conform by a patriarchal society promising a loving and fulfilling family life is they conform to normal gender roles
what is the liberation thesis?
women become liberated from patriarchy so their crimes become as frequent and as serious as men's crimes.
Who identified hegemonic and subordinate masculinity?
what is hegemonic masculinity?
Men turn to crime to gain this- it's a dominant form of masculinity that is based upon heterosexism, having control over women and having financial security
what is subordinate masculinity?
A less powerful form of masculinity and it carries a lower status, e.g unemployed males and gay masculinity