Flashcards in Crime prevention/social control Deck (11):
What is situational crime prevention?
controlling and manipulating the environment where crime may take place in order to make crime more difficult to commit
What are the three features of situational crime prevention that Clarke identified?
1. it is directed at specific crimes
2. it involves managing the immediate environment where crime can occur
3. it aims to increase the efforts and risks involved in committing the crime
What did Felson (1998) find when he looked at situational crime prevention at a bus stop?
The large sinks were being used by homeless/ the bus stop was being used by drug dealers etc. but when the bus stop was refurbished the crime rate went down as the homeless and drug dealers no longer had any use for it
What are the forms for displacement that Chaiken identified?
what is spatial displacement?
when the criminal moves elsewhere to commit the crime
what is temporal displacement?
when the crime is committed at a different time
what is target displacement?
when the criminal chooses a different victim/target
what is tactical displacement?
when the criminal chooses a different way of committing the crime
what is functional displacement?
when the criminal commits a different type of crime
what is environmental crime prevention?
maintaining the ordered appearance of neighbourhoods as this sends out the message that the informal social control in the area is strong so the crime won't be tolerated