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Flashcards in Crime prevention/social control Deck (11):
1

What is situational crime prevention?

controlling and manipulating the environment where crime may take place in order to make crime more difficult to commit

2

What are the three features of situational crime prevention that Clarke identified?

1. it is directed at specific crimes

2. it involves managing the immediate environment where crime can occur

3. it aims to increase the efforts and risks involved in committing the crime

3

What did Felson (1998) find when he looked at situational crime prevention at a bus stop?

The large sinks were being used by homeless/ the bus stop was being used by drug dealers etc. but when the bus stop was refurbished the crime rate went down as the homeless and drug dealers no longer had any use for it

4

What are the forms for displacement that Chaiken identified?

spatial

temporal

target

tactical

functional

5

what is spatial displacement?

when the criminal moves elsewhere to commit the crime

6

what is temporal displacement?

when the crime is committed at a different time

7

what is target displacement?

when the criminal chooses a different victim/target

8

what is tactical displacement?

when the criminal chooses a different way of committing the crime

9

what is functional displacement?

when the criminal commits a different type of crime

10

what is environmental crime prevention?

maintaining the ordered appearance of neighbourhoods as this sends out the message that the informal social control in the area is strong so the crime won't be tolerated

11

what was the perry pre school project?

a project aimed at African Americans with a high risk of failing school. They were given extra support and it was successful in reducing crime