Realism and crime Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Realism and crime Deck (11):
1

what is marginalisation?

feeling on the edge of society/pushed to corners of society, as though no one represents you or your views/interests

2

what is community style policing?

where the police are a trusted element of the community

3

What are special constables?

People who are unpaid by trained citizens

4

what is the underclass?

long term unemployed who are able bodied, and lone parents living on state benefits

5

What is a capable guardian?

someone who is able to stop the crime, e.g neighbours or police

6

what is situational crime prevention/situational crime prevention techniques?

emphasises the immediate environment where crime may take place and attempts to make it as difficult as possible to commit the crime

7

what is target hardening?

a form of crime prevention, e.g adding locks and alarms

8

what is zero-tolerance?

using the law to ensure that smaller deviant acts are dealt with

9

What is the theory of the broken window?

if a neighbourhood looks disorderly and uncared for the crime rates will increase as it sends out the message that it's an easy target and that community ties are weak so the crime won't be reported

10

Who came up with the theory of the broken window?

Wilson & kelling

11

Who did an experiment placing cars in the New York Bronx and Stanford university to explain the broken window theory?

Zimbardo