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Flashcards in Punishment Deck (12):
1

what does deterrence mean?

A deterrent is meant to put people off committing a crime

2

what is rehabilitation?

educating people into a non criminal way of life. It takes away the motivation for them to commit crime in the first place.

3

what is incapacitation?

removing the offenders capacity to offend again

4

what is retribution?

taking revenge and expressing society's outrage

5

what is expressive punishment?

punishment used to show outrage and reflect the publics anger against the crime

6

what is instrumental punishment?

Punishment used to achieve something positive, e.g stop reoffending or give some form of compensation to the victim

7

what is Shariah law?

A law on theft - theft is punished with imprisonment and amputation of hands (if it meets certain requirements)

8

What is retributive justice?

In a traditional society solidarity is based on similarities between people (which creates a strong collective conscience). This collective conscience wants to repress the criminal with cruel and severe punishment (expressive)

9

What is restitutive justice?

In a modern society we interdepend on each other. Crime damages this interdependence and so punishment must aim to repair the damage/restore societies equilibrium (instrumental)

10

What is sovereign power?

pre nineteenth century when the monarch had control of people- punishment was a spectacle

11

What is disciplinary power?

Nineteenth century onwards- Panopticon was a design for a prison where guards could see every cell but prisoners couldn't see the guards. The prisoners knew they might be seen so they had to behave. This encouraged self-discipline and self-contol

12

Some people believe there is now a blurring between the welfare and prison services. What is the term used to describe this?

Transcarceration