Deck 11K Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck 11K Deck (100):
1

to enunciate

wyłożyć, formułować
= to pronounce words or parts of words clearly

2

to extenuate

stanowić usprawiedliwienie dla, łagodzić
= to cause a wrong act to be judged less seriously by giving reasons for it

3

affiliated

stowarzyszony
= connected with or controlled by another, usually larger, organization

4

lewd

sprośny
= sexual in an obvious and rude way
LEWDNESS

5

to banter

przekomarzać się
= to talk to someone in a friendly and humorous way

6

a gourd

bania (po tykwie)
= the shell of this fruit used as a container

7

to pertain to

dotyczyć, odnieść się
= to relate to or have a connection with something

'Seaweed’s properties, as they pertain to skin care, are still in dispute.'

8

a skit

skecz
= a short, funny play that makes a joke of something

9

incandescent

płonący, żarzący się
= producing a bright light from a heated filament or other part

10

to refute

obalać
= to say or prove that a person, statement, opinion, etc. is wrong or false

11

to chip away at

to gradually and relentlessly make something smaller or weaker

'Her comments were beginning to chip away at his self-confidence.'

12

in plain sight

na widoku
= clearly visible, not hidden, easy to see

13

to denigrate

umniejszać, oczerniać
= to say that someone or something is not good or important

14

acquaintanceship

znajomość
= the state of being acquainted with someone

15

to tingle (with)

drżeć, mrowić
= to have a feeling as if a lot of sharp points are being put quickly and lightly into your body

'My fingers and toes are tingling with the cold.'

16

to cling

trzymać się kurczowo, chwytać się
= to stick onto or hold something or someone tightly, or to refuse to stop holding it, him, or her

17

to tweeze

to pluck, grasp, or pull with or as if with tweezers (pęseta)

18

a plaintiff

powód, powódka
= a person who brings a case against another in a court of law

19

fictitious

zmyślony, fikcyjny
= invented and not true or not existing

20

promiscuous

prowadzący bogate życie seksualne
= having a lot of different sexual partners or sexual relationships

21

out of wedlock

of parents not legally married to each other

22

parole

zwolnienie warunkowe
= permission for a prisoner to be released before their period in prison is finished, with the agreement that they will behave well

23

rambunctious

hałaśliwy
= full of energy and difficult to control

24

in lieu (of sth)

instead (of)

'He worked on Sunday and took Monday off in lieu.'

25

the forefront

the most noticeable or important position

26

to demean

poniżać, zszargać dobre imię
= to cause someone to become less respected

27

to bawl

wrzeszczeć
= to shout in a very loud voice

28

a binky

smoczek
= a pacifier

29

to exfoliate

łuszczyć
= to remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, in order to improve its appearance

30

saggy

obwisły
= hanging or dropping down to a lower level

'Saggy skin.'

31

doughy

soft, thick, and sticky, like dough

32

to crumple

zgnieść, miąć
= to crush so that it becomes creased and wrinkled

33

supple

giętki
= bending or able to be bent easily; not stiff

34

soot

sadza
= a black powder composed mainly of carbon, produced when coal, wood, etc. is burned

35

a contraption

ustrojstwo
= a device or machine that looks awkward or old-fashioned, especially one that you do not know how to use

36

queer

dziwaczny
= strange, unusual, not expected

37

to fix

ustalić
= to arrange or a agree a time, place, price, etc.

38

to frolic

dokazywać, igrać
= to play and behave in a happy way

39

slumberous

sleepy, drowsy

40

joyous

uradowany, radosny
= full of joy; very happy

41

to address an elephant in the room

If you say there is an elephant in the room, you mean that there is an obvious problem or difficult situation that people do not want to talk about.

42

inconsequential

nieistotny
= not important

43

crass
crassness

chamski, prostacki
= stupid and without considering how other people might feel
= rude, cheeky

44

a means to an end

something that you do because it will help you to achieve something else

45

to shush

uciszać
= used to tell someone to be quiet

46

insipid

mdły, bez wyrazu
= not having a strong taste or character, or having no interest or energy

47

to whittle

strugać
= to make something from a piece of wood by cutting off small, thin pieces

48

unbecoming

niewłaściwy, niestosowny
1. Unbecoming clothes do not look attractive on a particular person.
​2. Unbecoming behaviour is not correct or not acceptable.

49

sloppy

= (of a substance) more liquid than it should be, often in a way that is unpleasant
also: luźny, rozlazły, ckliwy

50

to outclass

deklasować, przewyższyć
= to be much better than someone or something

51

to second-guess

przewidzieć, odgadnąć
= to guess what someone will do in the future

52

to hone - honed - honed

doskonalić, ostrzyć, szlifować
1. to make an object sharp
2. to make something perfect or completely suitable for its purpose

53

prevalent

dominujący, przeważający
= existing very commonly or happening often

'These diseases are more prevalent among young children.'

54

to dispose of sb/sth

usunąć, załatwić, pozbyć się
= to get rid of someone or something or deal with something so that the matter is finished

'He never uses that bike any more, but he's very reluctant to dispose of it.'

55

paramount

najważniejszy, nadrzędny
= more important than anything else

56

to feign

symulować, udawać, pozorować
= to pretend to have a particular feeling, problem, etc.

57

lest

aby nie, ażeby nie
= in order to prevent any possibility that something will happen

'They were afraid to complain about the noise lest they annoyed the neighbours.'

58

tut tut!

cmokanie z dezaprobatą
= used in writing to represent the sound made to show you disapprove of something

59

a commoner

plebejusz
= a person who is not born into a position of high social rank

60

a sundial

zegar słoneczy
= a device used outside that shows the time by the metal making a shadow on the surface as the sun moves across the sky

61

boorish

niekulturalny, chamski, grubiański
= a person who is rude and does not consider other people's feelings

62

shoddy

badziewny, dziadowski
= badly and carelessly made, using low quality materials

63

meekness

łagodność, potulność, pokora
= the fact or condition of being meek (potulny); submissiveness

64

civility [U or C]

uprzejmość
= politeness or a polite remark

65

liability

odpowiedzialność, obowiązek
= the fact that someone is legally responsible for something

66

bluster

wrzeszczeć, huczeć, chełpić się
= to speak in a loud, angry, or offended way, usually with little effect

67

quaint

ciekawy, oryginalny, osobliwy
= attractive because of being unusual and especially old-fashioned

68

to eviscerate

patroszyć, usunąć wnętrzności z
= to remove one or all of the organs from the inside of a body

69

to disembowel

wypatroszyć, wypruć wnętrzności
= to remove the stomach and bowels from a dead animal, or to kill a person in this way, especially in the past as a punishment

70

potted

posadzony w doniczce
= grown in a pot: potted plants.

71

to prune

przystrzygać, przycinać
= to cut off branches from a tree, bush, or plant, especially so that it will grow better in the future

72

naivety

naiwność
= trust based on not having much experience

73

complacency

samozadowolenie, spoczęcie na laurach
= a feeling of calm satisfaction with your own abilities or situation that prevents you from trying harder

74

tout suite! [:toot sweet!]

right away; with all haste

75

to batten down the hatches

przygotować się na najgorsze, uszczelnić klapy luków
= to prepare for a difficult situation

76

to seethe

wrzeć, kipieć
1. (of a person) be filled with intense but unexpressed anger
2. (of a liquid) boil or be turbulent as if boiling

77

an addendum

dodatek, załącznik
= something that has been added to a book, speech, or document

78

to seize the moment

chwytać chwilę
= carpe diem

79

contumaciousness

krnąbrność, niesubordynacja
= the state of being stubbornly disobedient

80

to put on a show/ an act

pozorować, udawać
= to behave or speak in a false or artificial way, behave deceptively

81

enmity

wrogość
= a feeling of hate

82

a tutu

spódnica baletnicy
= a very short skirt made of many layers of very thin, stiff material, worn by female ballet dancers

83

overcast

pochmurny
= with clouds in the sky and therefore not bright and sunny

84

a hiatus [S]

przerwa
= a short pause in which nothing happens or is said, or a space where something is missing

85

to slur

mamrotać
= to pronounce the sounds of a word in a way that is wrong or not clear

86

by design

celowo, świadomie
= intentionally

87

to encumber

obarczać, krępować
= to weigh someone or something down, or to make it difficult for someone to do something

'She was encumbered by her heavy skirts.'

88

to skid

wpaść w poślizg
= (especially of a vehicle) to slide along a surface so that you have no control

89

to nip something in the bud

zdusić coś w zarodku
= to stop something before it has an opportunity to develop

90

to kiss and tell

ujawnić romans z celebrytą
= to talk on television, in a newspaper, etc. about a sexual relationship you have had with a famous person, especially in order to get a lot of money

91

to splice

łączenie, splatanie
= to join two pieces of rope, film, etc. together at their ends in order to form one long piece

92

a thimble

naparstek
= a small cover, usually made of metal or plastic, worn to protect the finger that pushes the needle when sewing

93

a seamstress

krawcowa
= a woman whose job is sewing and making clothes

94

to deem

to consider or judge something in a particular way:
I) The area has now been deemed safe.
II) We will provide help whenever you deem it appropriate.

95

nimble

szybki, zwinny
= quick and exact either in movement or thoughts

'Nimble fingers. Nimble mind.'

96

to impart

przekazać
= to communicate information to someone

97

to entrust

powierzyć
= to give someone a thing or a duty for which they are responsible

98

incessant

nieprzerwany
= never stopping, especially in an annoying or unpleasant way

99

loose-lipped

big-mouthed, expressing in indiscreet and incessant talk

100

an underbelly [S]

czuły punkt
= the weakest or most unpleasant part of something