Deck 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck 13 Deck (100):
1

toil

trud, znój
= hard work, especially work that makes you feel physically tired

2

to interrogate

przesłuchiwać
= to ask someone a lot of questions for a long time in order to get information, sometimes using threats or violence

3

machinations

complicated and secret plans to get power or control or to gain an advantage

4

an inquest

dochodzenie
= an official process to discover the cause of someone's death

5

fratricide - fratricidal

bratobójstwo - bratobójca
= the crime of murdering your brother, or killing members of your own group or country

6

to quiver

drżeć
= to shake slightly, often because of strong emotion

7

to vacillate

zastanawiać się, wahać się
= to be uncertain what to do, or to change often between two opinions

8

the nuts and bolts

the basic practical details

- The nuts and bolts of making a movie.

9

implicitly

nie wprost
= in a way that is suggested but not communicated directly

10

zeal [S/U]

zapał
= great enthusiasm or eagerness

11

a settee

sofa
= a long, soft seat for two or more people, with a back and usually with arms

12

to upholster

obić
= to cover a chair or other type of seat with cloth and fill it with a soft substance

13

elocution

dykcja, wymowa
= the art of careful public speaking, using clear pronunciation and good breathing to control the voice

14

to impeach

postawić w stan oskarżenia
= charge someone with treason or another crime against the state

- 'The governor was impeached for wrongful use of state money.'

15

a treaty

traktat, pakt
= a written agreement between two or more countries, formally approved and signed by their leaders

16

a warren

królicza nora
= a series of connecting underground passages and holes in which rabbits live

17

a sett

nora
= a hole in the ground where a badger or a family of badgers lives

18

to veil

zasłaniać
= to cover something, especially the face or body, with a veil

19

a hedge

żywopłot
= a line of bushes or small trees planted very close together, especially along the edge of a garden, field, or road

20

cookie-cutter

denoting something mass-produced or lacking any distinguishing characteristics

- 'A row of cookie-cutter houses.'

21

to contraindictate

to suggest or indicate that (a particular technique or drug) should not be used in the case in question

- 'Surgery may also be contraindicated for more general reasons of increased operative risk.'

22

to comply with

stosować się
= to act according to an order, set of rules, or request

- 'There are serious penalties for failure to comply with the regulations.'

23

faux

not real, but made to look or seem real

- 'faux fur'

24

tongue-in-cheek

ironicznie, żartobliwie
= speaking or writing in an ironic or insincere way; meant to be understood as a joke

25

a pollutant

a substance that pollutes

26

to disperse

rozproszyć
= to spread across or move away over a large area, or to make something do this

27

poignant

causing or having a very sharp feeling of sadness

28

a jug

dzbanek
= a container for holding liquids that has a handle and a shaped opening at the top for pouring

29

to call off

odwołać
= to decide that something will not happen

30

to loiter

wałęsać się, kręcić się
= to move slowly around or stand in a public place without an obvious reason

31

to turn up (somewhere)

odnaleźć się
= to arrive or appear somewhere, usually unexpectedly or in a way that was not planned

32

an incentive

zachęta, bodziec
= something that encourages a person to do something

33

to whittle sth down

to gradually reduce the size of something or the number of people in a group

34

a heirloom

pamiątka rodowa
= ​a valuable object that has been given by older members of a family to younger members of the same family over many years

35

lordly

(adj.) used to decribe someone who behaves as if they are better than other people

36

nightmarish

of the nature of a nightmare; very frightening or unpleasant

37

to append

dołączać
= to add something to the end of a piece of writing

38

a deliberation

obrady
= long and careful consideration or discussion

39

to throttle

zahamować
= to prevent something from succeeding

40

to throb

bić (o sercu), rwać (o ranie), uderzać (o pulsie)
= beat or sound with a strong, regular rhythm; pulsate

41

to bite off more than you can chew

to try to do something that is too difficult for you

42

an apprentice

uczeń, praktykant
= someone who has agreed to work for a skilled person for a particular period of time and often for low payment, in order to learn that person's skills

43

wistful

smutny, tęskny
= sad and thinking about something that is impossible or in the past

44

sleuthing

the process of carrying out a search or investigation in the manner of a detective

45

to cut on

to interrupt

46

a wiener

a dick, a prick

47

formidable

niezwykły, onieśmielający
= causing you to have fear or respect for something or someone because that thing or person is large, powerful, or difficult

48

a nonentity

disapproving a person without strong character, ideas, or influence

49

to vie - vying

rywalizować, ubiegać się
= to compete with other people to achieve or get something

- 'The two older children tend to vie with the younger one for their mother's attention.'
- 'The two groups of scientists are vying to get funding for their research projects.'

50

a forefather

a precursor of a particular movement

51

a beacon

a signaling or guiding device that emits light, such as a lighthouse

52

a bough

konar
= a large branch of a tree

53

state-of-the-art

supernowoczesny
= very modern and using the most recent ideas and methods

54

to bide one's time

to wait calmly for a good opportunity to do something

55

obtuse

rozwarty
= (of an angle) more than 90° and less than 180°

56

to yearn to/for sth

tęsknić, pragnąć
= to wish very strongly, especially for something that you cannot have or something that is very difficult to have

57

to erode

(of wind, water, or other natural agents) gradually wear away (soil, rock, or land)

58

to resonate with

obfitować w
= to be filled with a particular quality

59

to go after one's dreams

gonić za marzeniami
= to chase or follow one's dreams

60

a pip

pestka
= one of the small seeds of a fruit such as an apple or an orange

61

a seam

szew
= a line where two things join, especially a line of sewing joining two pieces of cloth or leather

- 'The bags we sell have very strong seams, so they will last for years.'

62

to burst at the seams

If a place is bursting at the seams, it has a very large number of people or things in it

63

the first order of business

a situation or subject that must be dealt with before anything else

64

to gloss over sth

to avoid considering something, such as an embarrassing mistake, to make it seem not important, and to quickly continue talking about something else

65

a plight

trudny los, dola
= an unpleasant condition, especially a serious, sad, or difficult one

- 'Few of us can be unmoved by the plight of the refugees.'

66

ardent

showing strong feelings

- 'an ardent feminist'

67

run-of-the-mill

ordinary and not special or exciting in any way

68

on the verge (of)

If you are on the verge of something or come to the verge of something, you are very close to experiencing it

69

rarefied

(of air) with little oxygen

70

carcinogenic

used to refer to a substance that causes cancer

71

to sideswipe

to hit on the side

- 'The motorcycle turned the corner too quickly, and sideswiped a car coming towards it.'

72

readily

bez trudu, chętnie
= quickly, immediately, willingly, or without any problem

73

to hone (to)

ostrzyć, doskonalić
= ​1. to make an object sharp
2. to make something perfect or completely suitable for its purpose

- 'His physique was honed to perfection.'
- 'The bone had been honed to a point.'

74

flatulence

wzdęcia
= gas in the stomach and bowels

75

to afflict (with)

dotykać
= If a problem or illness afflicts a person or thing, they suffer from it

76

a crevice

szpara, szczelina
= a small, narrow crack or space, especially in the surface of rock

77

to keep someone in check

to keep someone or something under control

78

a chaperone

przyzwoitka, opiekunka
= a person who accompanies and looks after another person or group of people

- 'She asked me to go to the cinema with her and Andrew, I think as a sort of chaperone.'

79

snot

smark
= mucus produced in the nose

80

feisty

przebojowy, charakterny, zadziorny
= active, forceful, and full of determination

81

to cuss

to curse

82

a rule of thumb

praktyczna zasada
= a practical and approximate way of doing or measuring something

83

to ring around

to circle something

- 'The children ringed around the post, dancing and singing.'

84

overdue

zaległy
= late; not done or happening when expected or when needed

85

to eat your words

to admit that something you said before was wrong

86

a parlour

salon
= a room in a private house used for relaxing

87

togetherness

the pleasant feeling of being united with other people in friendship and understanding

88

homely

prosty, domowy
= plain or ordinary, but pleasant

89

a bedrock (of sth)

opoka
= the main principles on which something is based

90

a refuge [C/U]

azyl, schronienie
= (a place that gives) protection or shelter from danger, trouble, unhappiness, etc.

91

a log cabin

chata z bali
= a small house made from tree trunks

92

to take to sth like a duck to water

to discover when you start to do something for the first time that you have a natural ability to do it

93

to pile

tłoczyć się
= (of a group of people) to move together, especially in an uncontrolled way

- 'As soon as the train stopped, they all piled in/out.'

94

to commend

polecić, chwalić
= to formally praise someone or something

95

to cry yourself to sleep

to cry for a long time until you start to sleep

96

two-story

having two floors or levels

97

sedate

osiadły, spokojny
= avoiding excitement or great activity and usually calm and relaxed

- 'a sadate village'

98

an expanse

rozciągłość, przestrzeń
= a large, open area of land, water, or sky

99

to fast-forward

przewinąć do przodu
= If you fast-forward a recording, or if it fast-forwards, you make it play at very high speed so that you get to the end or a later part more quickly

100

freakish

very unusual or unexpected, especially in an unpleasant or strange way