Deck 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck 16 Deck (100):
1

to perch (in, on, etc.) sth

to sit on or near the edge of something

- 'We perched on bar stools and had a beer.'

2

gusto

great energy, enthusiasm, and enjoyment that is experienced by someone taking part in an activity, especially a performance

- 'Everyone joined in the singing with great gusto.'

3

to run amok

to behave without control in a wild or dangerous manner

4

predation

the fact that an animal hunts, kills, and eats other animals

5

overgrazing [U]

a situation in which there are too many cows or other animals eating grass in an area, which damages the environment

6

an anchorage

a place where a boat is or can be anchored

7

to pose

to cause something, especially a problem or difficulty /= stanowić

- 'Nuclear weapons pose a threat to everyone.'

8

to double back

to turn and go back in the direction you have come from

9

to glisten

to shine by reflecting light from a wet or smooth surface

10

to rid

to free from something

- 'I want to rid the house of mice.'

11

abruptly

suddenly and unexpectedly

12

a sliver

a very small, thin piece of something, usually broken off something larger

- 'a sliver of glass'
- 'Just a sliver of cake for me, please - I shouldn't really be having any.'

13

to squint

to partly close your eyes in order to see more clearly

14

undignified (adj.)

appearing foolish and unseemly; lacking in dignity

15

sole

being one only; single

16

to concur

to agree or have the same opinion

- 'The new report concurs with previous findings.'

17

innate

An innate quality or ability is one that you were born with, not one you have learned

18

intrinsic

being an extremely important and basic characteristic of a person or thing

- 'Maths is an intrinsic part of the school curriculum.'

19

to foster

encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable)

- 'The teacher's task is to foster learning.'

20

perceptive

very good at noticing and understanding things that many people do not notice

21

substantial

large in size, value, or importance

22

to exemplify

to be or give a typical example of something

- 'This painting perfectly exemplifies the naturalistic style which was so popular at the time.'

23

to make do

to manage to live without things that you would like to have or with things of a worse quality than you would like

- 'We didn't have cupboards so we made do with boxes.'

24

serendipity

the fact of finding interesting or valuable things by chance
= fortunate happenstance

25

to run out of steam

to suddenly lose the energy or interest to continue doing what you are doing

26

in some respects

with regard to some or many details /= w pewien sposób

- 'In some respects, Anne's comments are similar to yours.'

27

a adage

a wise saying

-'He remembered the old adage "Look before you leap".'

28

to corroborate

confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding)

- 'The witness had corroborated the boy's account of the attack.'

29

far-flung

used to refer to places that are a great distance away, or something that is spread over a very large area

- 'She has travelled to the most far-flung corners of the word.'

30

as distinct from

used for showing that you want to consider something separately from something else /= tak różny od

- 'Each pebble is distinct from the other.'

31

to superimpose

to place or lay one thing over another, typically so that both are still evident

32

to traverse

to move or travel through an area

- 'Stanley traversed the continent from west to east.'

33

to revere

to very much respect and admire someone or something

34

transient

lasting for only a short time; temporary; impermanent

35

hoarse (adj.)

(of a voice or a person) having a rough voice, often because of a sore throat or a cold

36

pared-down

If you describe something as pared-down, you mean that it has no unnecessary features, and has been reduced to a very simple form.

37

weathered

changed in color or form over a period of time because of the effects of sun, wind, rain, or other conditions in the air

38

to wilt

(of a plant) to become weak and begin to bend towards the ground
(of a person) to become weaker, tired, or less confident

39

in the light of sth

because of

40

to make a name for oneself (by)

to become famous or respected by a lot of people

41

to scrape (the bottom of) the barrel

to use the worst people or things because that is all that is available

42

neat

(of a strong alcoholic drink) without anything, such as water or ice or another drink, added to it

- 'She likes her whiskey neat.'

43

to fumble

to do something awkwardly, especially when using your hands

- 'I fumbled with the lock.'

44

breezy

happy, confident, and enthusiastic

45

dolorous

sad, or causing sadness or emotional suffering

- 'a dolorous face'

46

to fume

to be very angry, sometimes without expressing it

- 'I saw her a week after they'd had the argument and she was still fuming.'

47

susceptible

easily influenced or harmed by something

- 'She isn't very susceptible to flattery.'

48

to taint

to spoil something by adding a harmful substance, or to spoil people's opinion of someone

- 'His reputation was permanently tainted by the financial scandal.'

49

to sully

to spoil something that is pure or someone's perfect reputation

50

animosity

strong dislike, opposition, or anger

- 'Of course we're competitive, but there's no personal animosity between us.'

51

over the counter

by ordinary retail purchase, with no need for a prescription or licence

52

resplendent

having a very bright or beautiful appearance

53

to get behind

to fail to do as much work or pay as much money as you should by a particular time

- 'She got behind with her mortgage and the house was repossessed.'

54

peerless

Something that is peerless is better than any other of its type

55

a last-ditch attempt/effort

an effort or attempt that is made at the end of a series of failures to solve a problem, and is not expected to succeed

56

prim

very formal and correct in behaviour and easily shocked by anything rude

57

much obliged

an expression used when one wants to indicate that one is very grateful for something

58

to loathe

to hate someone or something

59

erratic

moving or behaving in a way that is not regular, certain, or expected

- 'She can be very erratic; one day she is friendly and the next she'll hardly speak to you.'

60

to augment

to increase the size or value of something by adding something to it

61

insatiable

(of an appetite or desire) impossible to satisfy

62

duress [U]

threats used to force a person to do something

- 'He claimed that he signed the confession under duress.'

63

demeanor

a way of looking and behaving /=usposobienie, sposób bycia

- 'The boss has a calm, reassuring demeanor.'

64

(up) to the hilt

If you do something to the hilt, you do it in the strongest and most complete way that you can.

65

loony

silly or stupid

66

sultry

(especially of a woman's face or voice) attractive in a way that suggests sexual desire

- 'She's the sultry blonde in that new chocolate commercial.'

67

to be hard up (for sth)

to not have enough of something important or valuable

- 'If you're so hard up for friends, why don't you join a club?'

68

to mull sth over

to think carefully about something for a long time

- 'I need a few days to mull things over before I decide if I'm taking the job.'

69

gee

a mild expression, typically of surprise, enthusiasm, or sympathy

- 'Gee, Linda looks great at fifty!'

70

a band-aid

a small piece of sticky cloth or plastic that you use to cover and protect a cut in the skin

71

jagged

rough and with sharp points (eg. road, rock)

72

a phial

a small glass bottle, especially one containing liquid medicine

- 'a phial of poison'

73

on the sly

If you do something on the sly, you do it secretly because you should not be doing it

74

dubious

thought not to be completely true or not able to be trusted

- 'These claims are dubious and not scientifically proven.'

75

a hiccup

a problem that delays or interrupts something for a while, but does not usually cause serious difficulties

76

enamoured

liking something a lot

- 'I have to say I'm not exactly enamoured with/of this part of the country.'

77

to exercise

to use something

- 'I exercised my democratic right by not voting in the election.'

78

to stall

If an engine stalls, or if you stall it, it stops working suddenly and without you intending it to happen.

79

a hindlimb

either of the two back limbs of an animal

80

a gait

a particular way of walking

- 'He walked with a slow stiff gait.'

81

familial

relating to or occurring in a family or its members

- 'a familial disease'

82

onset

the moment at which something unpleasant begins

- 'the onset of winter'

83

tabletop

used to refer to board games, card games, and other physical games, rather than computer games

- 'tabletop football games'

84

to keep tabs on sth/sb

to watch something or someone carefully

- 'I like to keep tabs on my bank account so that I don't spend too much.'

85

to profess to/for

to state something, sometimes in a way that is not sincere

- 'He professed loved for her by giving her flowers.'
- 'She professed loved to him on their first date.'

86

a bristle

a short, stiff hair, usually one of many

- 'My toothbrush has blue and white plastic bristles.'

87

fluff [U]

entertainment that is not serious or valuable

88

a condiment

a substance, such as salt, that you add to food to improve its taste

89

to blindside

to surprise someone; to hit unexpectedly

- 'Matt blindsided Josh, knocking him to the pavement'

90

derailment

the obstruction of a process by diverting it from its intended course /=wykolejenie

*If a train derails or is derailed, it comes off the railway tracks.

91

to sear

to burn the surface of something with sudden very strong heat

- 'The heat from the explosion seared their hands and faces.'

92

to repel

People or things that repel you make you feel strongly that you do not want to be near, see, or think about them.

- 'This coat has a special surface that repels moisture.'

93

stricken

suffering severely from the effects of something unpleasant

- 'a poverty-stricken area'
- 'a grief-stricken family'
- 'He has been stricken with grief since the death of his wife.'

94

chipper

very happy

95

a walk of life

When people talk about walk(s) of life, they are referring to different types of jobs and different levels of society

- 'Members of the gym include lawyers, teachers, plumbers, and hairdressers - people from all (different) walks of life.'

96

a ruse

a trick intended to deceive someone

- 'It was just a ruse to distract her while his partner took the money.'

97

to repeal

If a government repeals a law, it causes that law no longer to have any legal force

98

despondent

unhappy and with no hope or enthusiasm

99

a crutch

something that provides help and support and that you depend on, often too much

- 'As an atheist, he believes that religion is just an emotional crutch for the insecure.'

100

tellingly

with a striking or revealing effect; significantly /=wyraźnie, jasno