Deck 10J Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck 10J Deck (100):
1

a commandment

przykazanie
= an order, especially one of the Ten Commandments

2

to sidle

przemknąć
= to walk towards or away from someone, trying not to be noticed

- She sidled past him, pretending that she had not seen him.

3

a cacophony (Singular)

harmider
= an unpleasant mixture of loud sounds

4

asunder
to tear asunder

od siebie
= into forcefully separated pieces

- to tear asunder = rozedrzeć

5

a hick

wieśniak, kmiot
= a person from the countryside who is considered to be stupid and without experience

6

to repose

spocząć
= to rest or lie:

- She reposed on the sofa.

7

ghastly

okropny
= unpleasant and shocking

8

armament (U)

uzbrojenie
= weapons or military equipment

9

a feat

osiągniecie, wyczyn
= something difficult needing a lot of skill, strength, courage, etc. to achieve it

10

anon

niebawem
= soon or in the near future

11

to toll

dzwonić, wybijać
= to (cause a large bell to) ring slowly and repeatedly

- In the distance, a church bell tolled the hour (= showed the time by ringing

12

equidistant

równo oddalony
= equally far or close

13

flimsy

marny, nietrwały, lichy, cienki
= very thin, or easily broken or destroyed

14

alopecia (U)

łysienie
= loss of hair, especially from the head, that either happens naturally or is caused by disease

15

unfathomable

przepastny, niezgłębiony
= impossible to understand

16

to yank

szarpać, zaciągnąć
= to pull something forcefully with a quick movement

17

an entourage (C casually S)

świta, trupa
= the group of people who travel with and work for an important or famous person

18

hindsight

the ability to understand an event or situation only after it has happened

- with (the benefit/wisdom of) hindsight = z perspektywy czasu, po fakcie

19

apologetically

przepraszająco, przepraszającym tonem
= showing that you feel sorry about having caused someone problems or unhappiness

20

ingrained

zakorzeniony
= (of beliefs) so firmly held that they are not likely to change

21

a shape-shifter

postać zmiennokształtna
= an imaginary person or creature that can change into a different shape or form

22

mush (U)

miazga, papka, breja
= any unpleasant thick soft substance, such as food that has been cooked for too long

23

gregarious

towarzyski, stadny
= (of people) liking to be with other people; (of animals) living in groups

24

small talk

rozmowa o niczym
= conversation about things that are not important, often between people who do not know each other well

25

upheaval

przewrót, zamieszanie
= a great change, especially causing or involving much difficulty, activity, or trouble

26

to go bananas

wściekać się, dostać bzika, zwariować
= to become extremely angry or excited

27

to excavate

wykopać, wyryć
= to dig a hole or channel in the ground, especially with a machine

28

a carcass

martwe zwierzę, tusza
= the body of a dead animal, especially a large one that is soon to be cut up as meat or eaten by wild animals

29

regal

królewski
= very special and suitable for a king or queen

30

to scald

sparzyć, oparzyć
= to burn the skin with boiling liquid or steam

31

dungarees

kombinezon, ogrodniczki
= a pair of trousers with an extra piece of cloth that covers the chest and is held in place by a strap over each shoulder

32

an anorak (C)

skafander
= a short coat that protects the wearer against wind, rain, and cold weather, usually with a part for covering the head

33

sealant (C or U)

a substance such as paint or polish that is painted onto a surface to protect it from other liquids going into it

34

to shun

unikać, stronić od
= to avoid something

35

to reminisce

wspominać
= to talk or write about past experiences that you remember with pleasure

36

an act

a performing group

- "an act called the Apple Blossom Sisters"

37

to derelict

opuszczony, porzucony
= Derelict buildings or places are not cared for and are in bad condition

38

on the dot

punktualnie
= exactly at the stated or expected time

39

a plethora (S)

mnóstwo, multum
= a very large amount of something, especially a larger amount than you need, want, or can deal with

40

carrion (U)

padlina
= dead or decaying flesh

41

emotionless

obojętny
= not showing emotion

42

unkempt

zaniedbany, rozczochrany (o włosach)
= ​untidy; not cared for

-an unkempt lawn

43

disarray

nieład
= the state of being confused and having no organization or of being untidy

44

dishevelled

zmierzwiony, rozmemłany
= (of people or their appearance) very untidy

45

podgy

pulchny, tłusty
= slightly fat

46

static (U)

zakłócenia
= noise on a radio or television caused by electricity in the air

47

to pay homage (to)

oddać hołd
[homage=] deep respect and often praise shown for a person or god

48

jerky (U)

suszone mięso
= meat that has been cut into long, thin strips and dried

- beef jerky

49

a treasure trove

znalezisko, skarb
= a place that is full of something good

50

a vantage point

punkt obserwacyjny, -widokowy, -widzenia
= a viewpoint

51

to be like a deer caught in the headlights

to be so frightened or surprised that you cannot move or think

52

to plummet

runąć w dół, gwałtownie spaść, obniżyć się
= to fall very quickly and suddenly

- Several large rocks were sent plummeting down the mountain.
- She plummeted to the ground.

53

to brim (over) with

być przepełnionym
= to become full of something, especially a liquid

- Her eyes brimmed with tears when she heard that he was alive.

54

a liege

pan lenny, senior
= a lord or king

55

a lodge

hotel, domek letniskowy; żeremie
= ​1. a small house in the country, used especially by people on holiday
2. the place where a beaver (bóbr) lives

- "Brambleback, thanks for helping the beavers move their lodge."

56

reassuring

uspokajający, dodający otuchy
= making you feel less worried

57

a boulder

głaz
= a very large rock
OPPOSITE: a pebble

58

to be good for

to be able and willing to provide something

- Bette is always good for a laugh.
- Dad will probably be good for a few pounds, if we ask him.

59

top of a morning!

good morning; a friendly morning greeting

60

to play possum

udawać greka,
= to pretend to be dead or sleeping so that someone will not annoy or attack you

a possum - opos

61

hectic

napięty, gorączkowy
= full of activity, or very busy and fast

62

to mutilate

okaleczyć, uszkodzić
= to damage something severely, especially by violently removing a part

63

a dossier

akta sprawy
= a set of papers containing information about a person, often a criminal, or on any subject

64

makeshift

chwilowy, prowizoryczny, zastępczy
= temporary and of low quality, but used because of a sudden need

65

to brew

If an unpleasant situation or a storm is brewing, you feel that it is about to happen.

66

pliers

szczypce, obcęgi, kleszcze
= a small tool with two handles for holding or pulling small things like nails, or for cutting wire

67

to prod

zmobilizować, dopingować
= to encourage someone to take action, especially when they are being slow or unwilling

- He gets things done, but only after I've prodded him into doing them.

68

out of whack

out of order, not working
- all their calculations were out of whack

69

to jump the gun

to do something too soon, especially without thinking carefully about it

70

a crevasse

rozpadlina, szczelina
= a very deep crack in the thick ice of a glacier

71

a plant

fabryka, elektrownia
= a factory in which a particular product is made or power is produced

72

likewise

też, także
= in the same way

-Just water these plants twice a week, and likewise the ones in the bedroom.

73

dentures

proteza dentystyczna
= a small piece of plastic or similar material, with false teeth attached, that fits inside the mouth of someone who does not have their own teeth

74

feverish

gorączkowy, rozpalony
= suffering from fever

75

to wobble

kiwać się, chwiać się
to shake or move from side to side in a way that shows poor balance

76

wobbly

chybotliwy

77

a thug

zbir
= a man who acts violently, especially to commit a crime

78

stringent

surowy, rygorystyczny
= having a very severe effect, or being extremely limiting

79

resilient

wytrzymały, odporny
= able to quickly return to a previous good condition

80

a swansong (S)

a person's last piece of work, achievement, or performance

81

wrought

made or done in a careful or decorative way
(archaic past form of work)

82

pompous

too serious and full of importance

83

hospitable

przyjazny, gościnny
= friendly and welcoming to guests and visitors

84

blasphemy

bluźnierstwo
= something that you say or do that shows you do not respect God or a religion

85

to quell

zdławić, stłumić, poskromić
= to stop something, especially by using force

'You quelled my fears'

86

in the throes

w bólach, spazmach, męczarniach
= experiencing or doing something that is difficult, unpleasant, or painful

87

to churn

If your stomach is churning, you feel ill, usually because you are nervous

'My stomach drops and my guts churn.'

88

litigation

spór sądowy
= the process of taking a case to a court of law so that a judgment can be made

89

to shun

odrzucić, unikać, stronić od
= to avoid something

90

to solicit

zabiegać o, zwracać się z prośbą
= to ask someone for money, information, or help

91

a solicitor

radca prawny
= a type of lawyer who is trained to prepare cases and give advice on legal subjects and can represent people in lower courts

92

an ashtray

a small dish or container in which people can leave cigarette ash and cigarette butts

93

to break the mould

to be new and different

'Their approach to sports teaching broke the mould.'

94

arms akimbo

wziąwszy się pod boki
= If a person's arms are akimbo, they are bent at the elbows with the hands on the hips

95

to asphyxiate

udusić
= to cause someone to be unable to breathe, usually resulting in that person's death (ASPHYXIATION)

96

a simile [sim-uh-lee]

porównanie
= an expression comparing one thing with another

97

to a fault

do bólu
= more than is necessary; to an excessive degree

'Keri is generous to a fault.'

98

-esque

(forming adjectives) in the style of; resembling

'Leonardo-esque.'

99

to relinquish

zrzec się
= to give up something such as a responsibility or claim

100

a barrister

adwokat, obrońca
= a type of lawyer who can give specialized legal advice and can argue a case in court