Deck 12L Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck 12L Deck (100):
1

eavesdrop

podsłuchiwać
= to listen to someone's private conversation without them knowing

2

to bestow upon/on [passive form]

obdarzyć
= to give something as an honour or present

'"The office was bestowed on him by the monarch of this realm.'

3

to interweave

speść się, połączyć
= to twist together or combine two or more things so that they cannot be separated easily

'She has created an intriguing story by skilfully interweaving fictional and historical events.'

4

to fracture

złamać
= If something hard, such as a bone, fractures, or is fractured, it breaks or cracks

5

infatuated

rozkochany
= having a very strong but not usually lasting feeling of love or attraction for someone or something

6

overt

wyraźny, jawny
= done or shown publicly or in an obvious way and not secret (e.g. overt racism)

7

famished

wygłodzony
= extremely hungry

8

engrossed by/in/with

zaabsorbowany, zatracony, wciągnięty
= giving all your attention to something

9

resin

żywica
= a thick, sticky substance that is produced by some trees and that becomes yellow and hard after it is collected

10

a quiff

​czub
= a hairstyle, worn usually by men, in which the hair at the front of the head is brushed up

11

a headboard

wezgłowie
= a vertical board at the end of a bed behind where your head rests

12

a quip

żart
= a humorous and clever remark

13

to douse

oblać, zgasić
1. to make something or someone wet by throwing a lot of liquid over it, him, or her
2. to stop a fire or light from burning or shining, especially by putting water on it or by covering it with something

14

parched

spiekły
= (especially of earth or crops) dried out because of too much heat and not enough rain

15

secular

świecki
= not having any connection with religion

16

a stint

okres (czasu)
= a fixed or limited period of time spent doing a particular job or activity

'He has just finished a stint of compulsory military service.'

17

an underpass

przejście podziemne
= a road or path that goes under something such as a busy road, allowing vehicles or people to go from one side to the other

18

a cairn

kopiec
= a small pile of stones made, especially on mountains, to mark a place or as a memoria

19

deciduous

liściasty
= a deciduous tree loses its leaves in autumn and grows new ones in the spring

20

a birch

brzoza
= a tree with smooth, often white bark (= outer covering) and thin branches

21

edgy

drażliwy, zirytowany
= nervous or worried

22

feisty

przebojowy, zadziorny
= active, forceful, and full of determination

23

through thick and thin

na dobre i złe
= If you support or stay with someone through thick and thin, you always support or stay with them, even if there are problems or difficulties

24

a tagline

slogan, powiedzenie
= a short, easily remembered phrase that a company uses in its advertisements, especially on television or the internet, so that people will recognize it or its products

25

to draw a blank

niepowieść się, nie mieć szczęścia
= to fail to get an answer or a result

26

cathartic

oczyszczający, katartyczny
= relating to the feeling of catharsis

27

to catch someone off guard

zaskoczyć kogoś
= to surprise someone, esp. in a way that makes the person feel confused or uncertain

28

crawdad

rak słodkowodny
= a freshwater crayfish

29

to rummage

szperać, grzebać
= to search for something by moving things around carelessly and looking into, under, and behind them

30

an alumnus (pl. alumni)

wychowanek, absolwent
= a male former pupil or student of a particular school, college, or university

31

reverence [U]

cześć, szacunek
= a feeling of respect or admiration for someone or something

32

to fret about/over

przejmować się
= to be nervous or worried

'She spent the day fretting about what she'd said to Nicky.'

33

a diaphragm

przepona
= the muscle that separates the chest from the lower part of the body

34

a honcho

ważniak, szycha
= the person in charge

35

to honk

gęgać
= If a goose or a car horn honks, it makes a short, loud sound.

36

nifty

sprytny, zręczny
= good, pleasing, or effective

'A nifty piece of work.'

37

to institutionalise

umieszczać w zakładzie
= to send someone, especially someone who is not able to live independently, to live in an institution

38

mundane

przyziemny
= very ordinary and therefore not interesting

39

inebriated

nietrzeźwy, upojony
= having drunk too much alcohol

40

perennial

stały, wieczysty, nieprzemijający
= lasting a very long time, or happening repeatedly or all the time

'We face the perennial problem of not having enough money.'

41

to keep something low key

to keep things secret; not to announce it

42

in the midst of sth

in the middle of an event, situation, or activity
- 'I'm sorry but I'm too busy - I'm in the midst of writing a report.'

43

a tribulation [C or U]

udręka

1. A cause of great trouble or suffering.
'The tribulations of being a megastar'
2. A state of great trouble or suffering.
'His time of tribulation was just beginning.'

44

mauve

fiołkowy
= a pale purple colour

45

angst

lęk, niepokój, obawa
= strong worry and unhappiness, especially about personal problems

46

impudent

bezczelny, zuchwały
= rude and not showing respect, especially towards someone who is older or in a more important position

47

to bequeath to

przekazać, pozostawić w spadku
= to arrange for money or property to be given to somebody after your death

- 'Picasso bequeathed most of his paintings and sculptures to Spain and France.'

48

angst

lęk, niepokój, obawa
= strong worry and unhappiness, especially about personal problems

49

to be no spring chicken

to be no longer young

50

to champ at the bit

to be eager and not willing to wait to do something

51

to croak

chrypieć
1. to speak with a rough voice because you have a sore or dry throat
2. to die

52

uncouth

nieokrzesany, źle wychowany
= behaving in a rude, unpleasant way

53

crackle [C/U]

trzask, terkot
= a short, dry, sharp sound

54

to etch

wyryć
= to cut a pattern, picture, etc. into a smooth surface

55

derelict

opuszczony, porzucony
= Derelict buildings or places are not cared for and are in bad condition.

56

to reprioritize

to rearrange (items) to be dealt with in order of importance

57

to quibble over/about

spierać się o szczegóły
= to argue about something that is not important

58

to rift

rozszczepiać się formując szczelinę
= form fissures or breaks; move apart

59

indecipherable

nie do rozszyfrowania
= not able to be read or understood

60

to be off base / off beam

to be wrong

61

a quarry

kamieniołom
1. a large artificial hole in the ground where stone, sand, etc. is dug for use as building material
2. an animal being hunted = game

62

a supplicant

a person who asks a god or someone who is in a position of power for something in a humble way

63

to fawn over/on sb

nadskakiwać
= to praise someone too much and give them a lot of attention that is not sincere, in order to get a positive reaction

- 'I hate waiters who fawn over you.'

64

punitive

karny
= intended as a punishment

65

to decry

potępić
= to criticize something as bad, without value, or unnecessary

66

vindictive

mściwy, pamiętliwy
= having or showing a wish to harm someone because you think that they harmed you; unwilling to forgive

67

'tis

it is

68

irreparable

nieodwracalny, nie do naprawienia
= impossible to repair or make right again

69

psyche

psychika
= the mind, or the deepest thoughts, feelings, or beliefs

70

to go rogue

to start behaving in a way that is not normal or expected, especially by leaving your group and doing something dangerous

71

without further/more ado

bez zbędnych ceregieli
= without wasting more time

72

to disdain

gardzić, lekceważyć
= to feel disdain (pogarda) for someone or something

73

to skyrocket

to rise extremely quickly or make extremely quick progress towards success

74

inasmuch as

skoro
- 'Inasmuch as you are their commanding officer, you are responsible for the behaviour of these men.'

75

God/Heaven forbid

broń Boże
= a way of saying that you hope something does not happen

76

deep-seated

głęboko zakorzeniony
= strongly felt or believed and very difficult to change or get rid of
- 'A deep-seated faith in God.'

77

a razor scooter

hulajnoga
= a compact folding scooter

78

fourfold

czterokrotnie
= four times as big or as much

79

incendiary

zapalający
= designed to cause fires

80

to antagonize

sprzeciwiać się
= to make someone dislike you or feel opposed to you

81

to brood

to think deeply about things that make you sad, worried, or angry

82

to harbour

1. to think about or feel something, usually over a long period
2. to protect someone or something bad, especially by hiding that person or thing

- to harbour a criminal

83

a clot

zakrzep
= an almost solid piece of something

84

a quilt

kołdra
= a duvet, a decorative cover for a bed

85

to pine

usychać z tęsknoty
= suffer a mental and physical decline, especially because of a broken heart

86

midriff

the part of the human body between the chest and the waist

- She wore a short T-shirt that revealed her midriff.

87

labour of love

praca wykonywana z zamiłowaniem
= a piece of hard work that you do because you enjoy it and not because you will receive money or praise for it, or because you need to do it

- He's always working on his car - it's a labour of love.

88

to labour

to do something slowly with great physical or mental effort

- She's been labouring over the same article for days.

89

to cower

kulić się
= to lower your head or body in fear, often while moving backwards

90

a bower

a pleasant place under the branches of a tree in a wood or garden

91

to refurbish

odnowić
= to make a building look new again by doing work such as painting, repairing, and cleaning

92

a spendthrift

someone who spends a lot of money in a way that wastes it

93

lather

piana mydlana
= a pale, usually white, mass of small bubbles produced especially when soap is mixed with water

94

to commence

zaczynać
= to begin something

95

to intervene

interweniować, wkroczyć
= to intentionally become involved in a difficult situation in order to improve it or prevent it from getting worse

96

to brim

to become full of something, especially a liquid

- Her eyes brimmed with tears when she heard that he was alive.

97

vertiginous

przyprawiający o zawrót głowy
= causing or experiencing the feeling that everything is spinning around

98

to interpose oneself [between]

to put yourself or something between two things, people, or groups, especially in order to stop them doing something

99

to prod

dźgnąć, tknąć
= to poke with a finger, foot, or pointed object

100

attentive

uważny
= paying close attention to something