Deck 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck 14 Deck (100):
1

rugged

of land) wild and not even; not easy to travel over

2

an arm and a leg

a lot of money

- 'I paid an arm and a leg for my surgery.'

3

a swath

a strip or belt, or a long area of something

- 'vast swathes of countryside'

4

a goof

a foolish or stupid person

5

happy-go-lucky

beztroski
= A happy-go-lucky person does not plan much and accepts what happens without becoming worried.

6

to hold (down) the fort

to have responsibility for something while someone is absent

7

incredulity

niedowierzanie
= not wanting or not able to believe something, and usually showing this

8

catch-all

general and intended to include everything

- '"South London" is a catch-all term for anywhere south of the river.'

9

valiant

very brave or bravely determined, especially when things are difficult or the situation gives no cause for hope

10

dreaded

budzący postrach
= regarded with great fear

11

apprehension

worry about the future, or a fear that something unpleasant is going to happen

12

well intentioned

wanting to have good effects, but sometimes having bad effects that were not expected

13

maddening

making you angry

14

solely

only and not involving anyone or anything else

- 'I bought it solely for that purpose.'

15

to devise

to invent a plan, system, object, etc., usually using your intelligence or imagination

16

give or take

possibly a little more or less than the amount or time mentioned

- 'It cost £200, give or take.'

17

to vent

to express a negative emotion in a forceful and often unfair way

- 'Please don't shout - there's no need to vent your frustration/anger/rage/spleen on me.'

18

to pan out

to develop in a particular way or in a successful way

- 'We'll have to see how things pan out.'

19

little (or nothing) short of

almost (or equal to); little (or nothing) less than

- 'The party was nothing short of a disaster.'

20

meandering

moving slowly in no particular direction or with no clear purpose

- 'a meandering river'; 'a long meandering speech'

21

off the cuff

bez przygotowania
= If you speak off the cuff, you say something without having prepared or thought about your words first.

22

expectant

wyczekujący
= thinking that something pleasant or exciting is going to happen

- 'the children's expectant faces'

23

to chat away

gawędzić, uciąć sobie pogawędkę
= talk in a free and friendly manner

24

to issue congratulations

gratulować, składać gratulacje

25

to flit

to fly or move quickly and lightly

* She's always flitting from one thing to another (= changing her activities).

26

figurative

przenośny
= used not with their basic meaning but with a more imaginative meaning, in order to create a special effect

27

to bolt

to move very fast, especially as a result of being frightened

28

shifty

looking or seeming dishonest

- 'He has shifty eyes.'

29

posterity

the people who will exist in the future

30

to latch onto sth

1. to become connected to something
2. to become interested

- 'Unfortunately the press have already latched onto the story.'

31

a course

an area of land or water used for a sports event
- 'a golf course/cross-country course'

32

on all fours

with your hands and knees on the ground

33

to subdue

to reduce the force of something, or to prevent something from existing or developing

- 'The fire burned for eight hours before the fire crews could subdue it.'

34

indomitable

used to say that someone is strong, brave, determined, and difficult to defeat or frighten

35

a ripple

a small wave on the surface of water

- 'The stone she threw caused ripples to spread across the lake.'

36

defiance

nieposłuszeństwo, lekceważenie
= behaviour in which you refuse to obey someone or something

37

to confer

skonsultować się, naradzić się
= to exchange ideas on a particular subject, often in order to reach a decision on what action to take

38

a dupe

a duplicate

39

a knockoff

a cheaper copy of an expensive and popular product

40

to cave (in)

to give in someone else's needs or accept defeat

- 'He's totally gonna cave when I give him my sad puppy face.'

41

tacitly

in a way that is understood or implied without being directly stated

42

a vigilante

a person who tries in an unofficial way to prevent crime, or to catch and punish someone who has committed a crime, especially because they do not think that official organizations, such as the police, are controlling crime effectively

43

to splurge (out)

przepuszczać pieniądze
= to spend a lot of money on buying goods, especially expensive goods:

- 'I feel like splurging (out) on a new dress.'

44

to sop sth up

to absorb liquid into a piece of something solid

- 'It's surprising how much milk the bread sops up.'

45

sod it

used to express anger

- 'Oh sod it - I've left my glasses behind!'

46

thorny

A thorny problem or subject is difficult to deal with

47

to trample

to step heavily on something or someone, causing damage or injury

* to trample to death = zadeptać na śmierć

48

creaky

skrzypiący
= Something that is creaky creaks

49

disparity [C/U]

dysproporcja
= a lack of equality or similarity, especially in a way that is not fair

50

on the latch

closed but not locked

- 'Don't forget to leave the front door on the latch if you go to bed before I get back.'

51

to unnerve

wytrącić z równowagi
= to make someone feel less confident and slightly frightened

52

sturdy

solidny, tęgi, niezachwiany
= physically strong and solid or thick, and therefore unlikely to break or be hurt

53

a jimmy

łom
= a short, strong metal bar with a curved end, often used to force things open, for example by thieves to force open windows or doors

54

to ransack

przetrząsnąć
= to search a place or container in a violent and careless way

- 'The burglars ransacked the house for valuables but found nothing.'

55

to tread lightly

to speak or behave carefully to avoid upsetting or causing offence to anyone

56

fragrant

aromatyczny
= with a pleasant smell

57

a gooseberry

agrest
= a small, green fruit covered with short hairs

58

a pyre

stos
= a large pile of wood on which a dead body is burned

59

standoffish

behaving in a slightly unfriendly and too formal way

60

to err

to make a mistake or to do something wrong

- 'He erred in agreeing to her appointment to the position.'

61

a clam

małż
= a type of sea creature with a shell in two parts that can close together tightly, and a soft body that can be eaten

62

a pokey

prison

63

a hornet

szerszeń
= a large wasp that can give you a bad sting

64

to be on the cards

to be likely to happen

- 'So you think they'll get married next year? I think it's on the cards.'

65

to hedge your bets

to protect yourself against loss by supporting more than one possible result or both sides in a competition

66

in vain

unsuccessfully; of no value

- 'I tried in vain to start a conversation.'

67

to look up to someone

to view someone with respect and admiration

68

a make of a car

marka samochodu

69

to go through the roof (inf.)
to hit the roof (f.)

to become very angry

70

to drop someone a line

to send someone a note or letter

71

intrinsic

nieodłączny, wrodzony
= being an extremely important and basic characteristic of a person or thing

- 'Maths is an intrinsic part of the school curriculum.'

72

to be in the red

to owe money to a bank

73

head first

without sufficient forethought

- 'Don't plunge head first into a new relationship.'

74

to be like chalk and cheese

If two people are like chalk and cheese, they are completely different from each other

75

the rat race

a way of life in modern society, in which people compete with each other for power and money

76

frantically

gorączkowo, szaleńczo
= done in a hurried way and in a state of excitement or confusion

77

to tackle

to try to deal with something or someone

- 'There are many ways of tackling this problem.'

78

to withdraw

wypłacić
= remove or take away (something) from a particular place or position

79

to give priority

If you give priority to something or someone, you treat them as more important than anything or anyone else

80

a clear trend

pewna tendencja
= obvious tendency

81

to stand sb up

to intentionally fail to meet someone when you said you would, especially someone you were starting to have a romantic relationship with

- 'My sister got stood up by a jerk last night.'

82

a cougar

A 35+ year old female who is on the "hunt" for a much younger, energetic, willing-to-do-anything male.

83

short-sighted

not thinking enough about how an action will affect the future

- 'a short-sighted idea'

84

a bad thing never dies

złego diabli nie biorą

85

wary of/about

not completely trusting or certain about something or someone

- 'I'm a little wary of giving people my address when I don't know them very well.'

86

unequivocally

jednoznacznie
= in a way that leaves no doubt

87

a bite to eat

a meal, often a small or quick one

88

instill something in (to) someone

to impress something into someone's mind

- 'Good manners were instilled in me at home.'

89

to munch on sth

to eat something, especially noisily

- 'He was munching on an apple.'

90

hives

pokrzywka
= a condition in which a person’s skin develops swollen red areas, often suddenly, esp. as a reaction to something the person has eaten

91

a pang

a sudden sharp feeling, especially of painful emotion

- 'a pang of jealousy'

92

to square the circle

If you try to square the circle, you try to do something that is very difficult or impossible.
= dokonać niemożliwego

93

an ordeal

a very unpleasant and painful or difficult experience

- 'The hostages' ordeal came to an end when soldiers stormed the building.'

94

to grate

zetrzeć
= to rub food against a grater in order to cut it into a lot of small pieces

- 'grated cheese'

95

to slather

grubo posmarować
= to spread something thickly on something else

96

discordant

producing an unpleasant sound

97

jarring

a jarring sight, sound, or experience is so different or unexpected that it has a strong and unpleasant effect on something or someone

98

incorguous

niestosowny, nie na miejscu
= unusual or different from what is around or from what is generally happening

99

to comprise

consist of; be made up of

- 'the country comprises twenty states'

100

not a peep from/out of (someone)

not a single word or sound from someone

- 'I put kids to bed at 8, and there hasn't been a peep out of them since!'