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Flashcards in Discovering The Americas Deck (124)
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60

When Christopher Columbus spotted land on October 12, 1492, what did he name it?

San Salvador

61

When Christopher Columbus spotted land on October 12, 1492, he named it San Salvador. Where did he think he had landed? Where was he?

He had landed in the Bahamas. He had reached the East Indies.

62

When Christopher Columbus spotted land, what did people think of him?

They thought he was a hero.

63

What are the pros of Columbus' legacy?

-Opened up the Americas for exploration
-His explorations set up the Columbian Exchange

64

What are the Cons of Columbus' legacy?

-Destroyed native groups wherever he explored.
-New diseases spread between the continents.

65

Who drew a line of demarcation - an imaginary line splitting up the new world between Spain and Portugal?

Pope Alexander VI.

66

Pope Alexander VI drew a line of demarcation - an imaginary line splitting up the new world between _______ and ________?

Spain and Portugal.

67

Portugal did not like the line of demarcation that Pope Alexander VI drew so in 1494 the Treaty of ______ was signed which created new boundaries.

The Treaty of Tordesillas

68

What did Amerigo Vespucci conclude about South America?

In 1502 Amerigo Vespucci concluded South America was a continent, not a part of Asia.

69

America was named after who?

America was named after Amerigo Vespucci

70

Vasco Nunez de Balboa hiked across the thin strip of land in _______?

Vasco Nunez e Balboa hiked across the thin strip of land in Panama.

71

Vasco Nunez de Balboa was the first european to see the _______ ______ and claimed it for ________?

Vasco Nunez de Balboa was the first european to see the Pacific Ocean and claimed it for Spain.

72

What did Ferdinand Magellan do?

Ferdinand Magellan named the Pacific Ocean.

73

Name 2 problems with Magellan's journey

-Mutiny around South America caused 1 of 5 ships to fall
-traveled through the Strait of Magellan and 1 deserted

74

Which explorer arrived first in Asia?

Vasco da Gama

75

In what ways did Henry the Navigator further exploration?

-School
-planned voyages,
-analyzed findings,
-brought together geographers, mathematicians and astronomers to share knowledge.

76

Why did Spain and Portugal desire a water route to Asia?

Trade directly with Asia.

77

How might the conquest of a country influence its culture and economy?

New religion, new foods, new language

78

conquistadors - explorer - conquerers
grants - special privileges from the King

-had a right to explore & establish settlements in the new land
had to give 1/5 of any treasure found

79

Cortes:

-took 500 soldiers, horses, canons
-landed in Mexico by 1519
-conquered aztecs
What would you think if you saw him? worshipped him as a god?
-made alliances w/native american groups not liking the aztecs
-took Montezuma hostage-killed
-captured city and named it Mexico City

80

What did Pizzaro do?

-brought 80 spanish soldiers to Peru
-went to Incan Empire
-Captured King Atanualpa
-falsely accused him of things and had him executed
-Inca never required?
-

81

How could Spain take over empires?

-Spain arrived w/weapons, new animals, guns, canons, horses & dogs
-Natives disliked Aztecs & helped assist
-No immunity to European diseases

82

Who was Juan Ponce de Leon?

-First european to step foot in USA
-Landed in present day Florida
-looked for fountain of youth
-landed in St Augustine, Florida

83

What did Juan Cabrillo do?

Explored the California coast

84

Who was De Soto?

-wandered until he reached Mississippi
-died of fever
-men buried him in the Mississippi at night

85

Who was Fransisco Vasquez de Cornado?

-New Mexico and Arizona
-Found buffalo

86

What are Missions

Religious communities with small town, farmland, and a church

87

What is a Presido?

A spanish fort

88

What is a Pueblo

Tows?

89

What is a Peninsulares?

People born in Spain