Flashcards in Discovering The Americas Deck (124)
What is a Creole?
people born in America to spanish parents
What are Mestizos?
People with Spanish and Native American parents
What is Encomienda?
Given to conquistadors, the right to take taxes and labor from Native Americans.
Who was Bartolomew de Las Casas?
-a spanish priest who disapproved of NA cruel treatment
-wrote a report, sent it to Spain
-Laws passed forbidding NA slaves
-Urged Spanish to use enslaved africans instead of NA
-Thousands of West Africans being shipped to Indies in Western Hemisphere
-spanish developed the plantation system
What were the first explorers looking for in America?
Why did some NA's side with Euros?
conquered by Aztec
Who conquered the Atec?
Who conquered the Incas?
Where did Spain explore and settle down in America?
Sw, California, Florida
What are the advantages for countries with colonies?
-Increase wealth and trade
What caused, GREAT division in Europe during the 1500's?
Who was Martin Luther?
-German Priest -nailed 95 complaints against the RCC
-called the 95 theses -How to be forgiven
-RCC sold indulgences-BAD, kiss relics - BAD
-Bible is the only true guide for Christians
-Rejected authority of the Pope -Faith over works!
-Called Protestant Reformation
Who was John Calvin?
-French religious thinker
-Broke away from RCC
-Calvinists missionaries everywhere
What did Henry VIII do?
-made himself head of the Church of England-Anglican Church
French & Spanish tried to convert the natives to...
Dutch and English protestants settled in....
money = power
Europeans sought to gain new raw materials and develop trade with other countries so...
they could increase their wealth
What do you know about the Colombian Exchange?
-transfer of plants, animals and diseases which greatly altered life around the world
-greatly altered ideas and religion
-honey bees -slaves
What did John Cabot do?
-landed on Newfoundland
-Claimed it for England
What did the treaty of Tordesillas do?
-divided the West between S & P
England, France & Netherlands explored the...
-wanted to find a passage through NA to Asia instead of going around Africa or South America
Who was Jacques Cartier?
A french explorer who explored the Saint Lawrence river and claimed Canada
Who was Henry Hudson
-sailed for Dutch and found Hudson River
-Sailed for english and found Hudson Bay
Who was Samuel de Champlian?
A french trader who founded Quebec, Canada and discovered Lake Champlian
Although the French never intended to build an empire in America, what did they come to accomplish
They did come to increase wealth through fishing and trapping
Beaver pelts were very popular in Europe