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Flashcards in Discovering The Americas Deck (124)
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90

What is a Creole?

people born in America to spanish parents

91

What are Mestizos?

People with Spanish and Native American parents

92

What is Encomienda?

Given to conquistadors, the right to take taxes and labor from Native Americans.

93

Who was Bartolomew de Las Casas?

-a spanish priest who disapproved of NA cruel treatment
-wrote a report, sent it to Spain
-Laws passed forbidding NA slaves
-Urged Spanish to use enslaved africans instead of NA
-Thousands of West Africans being shipped to Indies in Western Hemisphere

94

Plantation systems:

-grew wealthy
-tobacco, sugarcane
-spanish developed the plantation system

95

What were the first explorers looking for in America?

God
Goods
Glory
7 cities

96

Why did some NA's side with Euros?

conquered by Aztec

97

Who conquered the Atec?

Cortes

98

Who conquered the Incas?

Pizzaro

99

Where did Spain explore and settle down in America?

Sw, California, Florida

100

What are the advantages for countries with colonies?

-Increase wealth and trade
-resources
-more power

101

What caused, GREAT division in Europe during the 1500's?

Protestant reformation

102

Who was Martin Luther?

-German Priest -nailed 95 complaints against the RCC
-called the 95 theses -How to be forgiven
-RCC sold indulgences-BAD, kiss relics - BAD
-Bible is the only true guide for Christians
-Rejected authority of the Pope -Faith over works!
-Called Protestant Reformation

103

Who was John Calvin?

-French religious thinker
-Broke away from RCC
-Calvinists missionaries everywhere

104

What did Henry VIII do?

-made himself head of the Church of England-Anglican Church

105

Hugonoves

French

106

French & Spanish tried to convert the natives to...

Catholicism

107

Dutch and English protestants settled in....

colonies

108

Merchantilism =

money = power

109

Europeans sought to gain new raw materials and develop trade with other countries so...

they could increase their wealth

110

What do you know about the Colombian Exchange?

-transfer of plants, animals and diseases which greatly altered life around the world
-greatly altered ideas and religion

111

From America:
-peanuts -vanilla
-potatoes -cacao
-corn
-turkeys

To America
-diseases -cattle
-sheep -pigs
-wheat -rice
-sugarcane -onions
-honey bees -slaves

112

What did John Cabot do?

-landed on Newfoundland
-Claimed it for England

113

What did the treaty of Tordesillas do?

-divided the West between S & P

114

England, France & Netherlands explored the...

NW Passage
-wanted to find a passage through NA to Asia instead of going around Africa or South America

115

Who was Jacques Cartier?

A french explorer who explored the Saint Lawrence river and claimed Canada

116

Who was Henry Hudson

-sailed for Dutch and found Hudson River
-Sailed for english and found Hudson Bay

117

Who was Samuel de Champlian?

A french trader who founded Quebec, Canada and discovered Lake Champlian

118

Although the French never intended to build an empire in America, what did they come to accomplish

They did come to increase wealth through fishing and trapping
Beaver pelts were very popular in Europe

119

What were the Dutch known for?

The Dutch were known for trading