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Flashcards in DIT Psych Deck (46):
1

What is the mnemonic for reactive attachment disorder? Happens when baby hasn't had attention.

4 W's

Weak, Wordless, Wanting, Wary
(poor language kills, no trust, weight loss, ill), failure to thrive and immune deficiency.

2

What is methylphenidate?

Ritaline. Caecholamine release

3

What is Atomoxetine?

Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor so more NE in synaptic cleft. ADHD treatment

4

What are the two things that can develop into Antisocial personality disorder? differentiate them.

Oppositional defiant disorder is hostile behavior towards auhrotiy figure, but no violation of social norms.

Conduct disorder is where they do things like steal, or burn things or torture animals but younger than 18 (Antisocial Personality Disorder is if 18+)

5

Tourette syndrome meds?

after behavioral therapy

Fluphenazine (antipsych)
Pimozide
Tetrabenazine (touretabenazine)

6

Girl with hand wringing and hand to mouth gesture and mentally retarded? Dx? Genetics?

X LINKED DOMINANT RETT SYNDROME (males die in utero)

Also, loss of verbal abilities, ataxia, loss of milestones or developmental regression

Hand biting or wringing may be on test, and it is constantly midline and hand to mouth.

7

Compare bulimeia vs anorexia?

Bulimia has BINGING and may be normal weight.

Anorexia is 3 criteria: Distorted body image, fear of gaining weight, can't get BMI >17

Both may or may not puke, and they may have met alkalosis

8

Transsexual vs transvestite?

TransSEXual wants to live as other SEX.

TransVESTism: paraphilia dresses in other clothes (VEST). Does it to feel aroused.

9

Danger of alcohol withdrawal?
Tx?

Delerium tremens. 2-3 days after booze consumption.

Nightmare, hallucination, fever, seizures... can be fatal

BENZO is tx

On test may say seizures 2 days after surgery

10

Screening for alcoholism?

CAGE (nick cage drinks)

Cut back (need to?)
Annoyed (when people ask)
Guilty
Eye opener (early in morning

11

If you have a patient who smells like booze, hypoglycemia, confusion, nystagmus, ataxia... What do you do?

Well may have wernicke (thiamIne deficiency)

SO GIVE THIAMINE before sugar

glucose bad b/c gluc metal uses thiamine, and then you could put patient into coma b/c severe deficiency. so THIAMINE then glucose

12

Hallucination vs delusion vs illusion?

Hallucination: no stimuli to think you see something.

Illusion: misinterpret something that is there (branch mistaken for arm)

Delusion: false belief despite obvious proof of contrary

13

What causes positive symptoms in schizo?

And negative symptoms?

Increased dopamine in mesolimbic

Decreased dopamine in mesocortical cortex, maybe

14

Brief psycoitc disorder

Schizophreniform disorder?

Schizoaffective disorder?

Brief is less than a month and stress related

Schizophreniform is 1-6 months

Schizoaffective is 2 weeks or more of stable mood with psychotic symptoms THEN a time period afterwords with depressive, manic or both (those two weeks make it schizo dominant, if there were not those two weeks, it could be a mood disorder with schizo characteristics.)

15

Schizo straight!

Schizoid

Schizotypal

Schizophrenic

Schizoaffective

SchizOID avOID (hermit)

Schizotypal is odd thinking and avoidance behavior like schizoid. Still functional though

Schizophrenic: odd enough thinking and can't keep it together to function.

Schizoaffective is schizophrenic psychotic symptoms + bipolar or mood disorder

16

What are side effects of low potency antipsychotics?

Which drugs are they?

Cheating Thieves are LOW

LOW potency:
CHlorpromazine, THioridazine

Anticholinergic effects

17

What neuroleptics are high potency? What are side effects?

Haloperidol and azines that aren't starting with CH or TH (don't fit in Cheating Thieves are LOW mnemonic)

Extra peramidal symptoms (but not anticholinergic)

18

What are the atypical antipsychotics? mnemonic

its ATYPICAL for OLd CLOSets to QUIETly RISPER form A to Z

OLanzapine, CLOzapine, QUETIapine, RISPERidone, Aripiprazole, Ziprasidone

19

What is major side effect of best antipsychotic? KNOW THAT

Clozapine can cause AGRANULOCYTOSIS. Stop making granuloytes

20

Mnemonic for diagnosis of bipolar?

DIG FAST. Need 3 of the 7

Distractibility
Irresponsibility (hedonistic)
Grandiosity (inflated self esteem)
Flight of ideas
Activity: goal directed, Agitation
Sleepless
Talkative or pressured speech

21

Length of time for mania? for hypomania

Mania is at least a week

Hypomania is only 4 days

22

Bipolar 1 vs 2?

Cyclothymic?

Bipolar 1 is history of a manic episode

Bipolar II has hypomanic episode and 1 episode of major depression

Cyclothymic is easy. Its cyclical with dysTHYMIC and hypomanic states AT LEAST 2 YEARS (its a mild bipolar). Mild so not meeting criteria, but lasts 2 years (normal periods is only lasting about 2 months between)

23

Lithium side effects? mnemonic alert! and one that doesn't fit

LMNOP (alphabet!)

Lithium SE
Movement (Tremor)
Nephrogenic DI
hypOthyroid
Preggers problem (ebstein)

and HEART BLOCK

24

Criteria for major depression. 5 of 9 for at least 2 weeks.

Must have 1 of 2 things.

Must have 2 weeks+.

SIG E CAPS
Sleep disturbance
Interest loss (anhedonia)
Guilt (feel worthless)
Energy is low
Concentration lost
Appetite/weight change
Psychomotor retardation/agitation
Suicidal ideation

MUST HAVE DEPRESSED MOOD OR ANHEDONIA

25

Dysthymia or persisten depressive disorder qualification?

2 years in adults or 1 year in kids without 2 months of feeling better during that time

26

Risk factor for suicide?

SAD PERSONS

Sex
Age (45)
Depression
Previous attempt
Ethanol or drugs
Rational thinking loss
Sickness
Organized plan (ask for plan)
No spouse or social support
Stated future intent

27

Atypical Depression presentation?

It is Karly, sorry.

Hypersensitive
Reversed symptom (phagia and weight gain)
Leaden paralysis
Long standing interpersonal rejection sensitivity

28

SSRIs?

Toxicity?

Fluoxetine paroxitine, sertraline, citalopram

Sexual dysfunction
Serotonin syndrome: hyperthermia, hyperreflexia, CV collapse, flushing, diarrhea, mental status...

Tx: COOL PATIENT and benzo

29

SNRIs?

Uses?

Toxicity?

Duloxetine, Venlafaxine

DEPRESSION or GAD. Duloxetine for diabetic neuropathy

Higher BP is most common, also stimulant side effects, sedation, nausea (can worsen anxiety at first)

30

TCA suffix (3 of them)

Mechanism?

Tox?

-ipramine, iptyline, oxepin

Mechanism: NE and 5-HT can't be taken up (similar to SNRI but different shape)

Amitryptiline for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia

TRI C's
Convulsions
Coma
Cardiotoxic (antimuscarinic so ahrythmia) (hot as hare...)

ALSO sedation and alpha blocking affects (hypotension, and sedation), resp depression, hyperpyrexia, confusion and hallucination (delirium from anticholinergic)

31

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors?

MAO Takes Pride In Shainghai

Tranylcypromine, Phenelzine, Isocarboxazid, Selegiline (selective for parkinson)

NE, 5HT and dopamine aren't broken down

Hypertensive crisis with tyramine (can cause migraine too)

32

Buproprion mechanism and use?

Smoking cessation or expression.

NDRI NE and Dopa reuptake inhib

Tox: stimulant effects (don't take before bed) and seizure if bulimic.

NO SEX side effects

33

Mitrazapine mechanism and use?

alpha 2 antagonist so more NE and 5HT release.

Toxicity is sedation (may help depressed with insomnia)

Weight gain, more appetite (helps for old people)

34

Trazadone mechanism and use?

blocks 5HT2 and alpha adrenergic.

Used for insomnia b/c high doses needed for antidepressant

TRAZABONE! (remember priapism)

Toxicity is sedation (may be the goal) , nausea, priapism, postural hypotension

35

When does acute distress disorder become PTSD?

occurring more than 1 month after the event

36

When does adjustment disorder become GAD?

6 months

37

What is mechanism of buspirone?

Use?

GAD: I have ANXIETY when the BUS is ON time

BUSpirONe

Stimulates Serotonin receptors

no alcohol affect

38

What is conversion disorder?

V for Voltage b/c neuron doesn't seem to be working, it is somatoform.

For some reason, something just stops and patient is INDIFFERENT.

"arm isn't working, don't know why." "i can't see out right eye, oh well".

39

Suppression vs repression?

Suppres is intentionally

Repression is involuntarily withholding idea or feeling

40

Splitting defense mechanism?

Things are good or bad. Associated with borderline personality disorder

pg 500

41

Personality disorder clusters?

Weird
Wild
Worried

42

Projection vs displacement

Projection is where you project your flaws onto others (YOU ARE RACIST, not me)

Displacement: boss is mad at you, you transfer that anger at your kid

43

Avoidant is when people avoid others. Why?

B/c hypersensitive to rejection and are timid. THEY HAVE DESIRE TO MAKE RELATIONSHIPs. just worried

44

What is isolation ego defense?

Removing feelings from events (like physicians who see a lot of trauma don't tie feelings to it)

45

APGAR is what? 4 star

Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Respiration

0-10. Ten is good

46

Tumors in kids

ALL
Astrocytoma
Neuroblastoma
Hemangioma
Wilms
Hepatoblastoma
Retnioblastoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Ewing sarcoma
Osteogenic sarcoma
Lymphoma
Teratoma