DIT Antidotes Flashcards Preview

Boards DIT > DIT Antidotes > Flashcards

Flashcards in DIT Antidotes Deck (23):
1

Methamphetamine antidote

Ammonium Chloride to acidify urine to get rid of drug

2

Methamphetamine tx

benzo, antipsychotics, antihypertensives

3

Acetaminophen antidote

N-acetylcystine (replenish glutathione)

NAPQI would kill hepatocytes, and glutathione will conjugate it to make not poisonous

4

Aspirin overdose antidote

Sodium bicarb/dialysis

5

Organophosphate OD tx?

pralidoxime (reactivate cholinesterase)

Atropine

6

Antimuscarinic tx?

Physostigmine

7

Beta blockers/Verapamil OD tx? (3 things)

Bradycardia: Glucagon (increases cAMP in myocardium)

Atropine takes away brakes

Calcium contractility increaed

8

Digitalis OD tx?

arrythmia is danger so you make sure potassium and magnesium are ok

If severe OD: Anti-Dig fragments

Supportive care usually works fine

9

Ate a bottle of vitamins, hematemesis, melana and lethargy tx?

Iron poisoning! (can happen with lots of transfusions)

DeFERoxamine, deFERasirox (easy to remember) which is chelating agent

10

Lead poisoning: child developmental delay, GI symptoms. How do you tx? 4 things

Dimercaprol
EDTA
Succorer
Penicillamine

11

Mercury, arsenic or gold?

Dimercaprol, succimer

Think of dime for monetary unit for gold, or merca for mercury

12

Copper, arsenic or gold?

Penicillamine (copper pennies)

Wilson's disease

13

Cyanide toxicity (house fired, sodium nitroprusside)

Nitrites, hydroxocobalamine

14

Methemoglobin? blood is brown

Methylene blue, vit c

15

Carbon monoxide poisoning (lamps, heaters, stove...)

Hyperberic O2

16

Methanol or ethylene glycol?

Fomepizole

Alcohol is other option if not available

17

Opioid OD?

Naloxone/naltrexone

18

Benzo OD?

Flumazenil (remember Ben likes if fast? Flumazenil is Florence telling Ben no!)

19

TCAs OD?

Sodium bicarb (its acidic)

20

Heparin OD?

Protamine (H in heparin is like a proton, and Protamine is tx!)

21

Warfarin?

Vitamin K (takes days)

FFP needed for acute Tx

22

tPA, streptokinase, urokinase tx?

Aminocaproic acid

23

Theophylline tachycardia, arrythmia OD tx?

Beta blocker