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RUSVM Nutrition Summer17 > Energy and feeding doses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Energy and feeding doses Deck (21)
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1

What does it mean if a nutrient is conditionally essential?

It is required during certain physiologic or pathologic conditions

2

What does it mean if a nutrient is essential?

The body can not synthesize it, so it is indispensable

3

What is the most common analysis done for nutritional testing?

Proximate/guaranteed analysis

although this can be inaccurate on the petfood label

4

What analysis is more accurate than the proximate analysis and where can it be found?

Average nutrient analysis

This is available from the petfood company: product guides, company websites, or customer service

5

What is the resting energy requirement (RER)?

Energy used by adult at rest in a thermoneutral environment

6

What does the RER NOT support?

activity
growth
reproduction

7

T/F: The RER is the same as basal energy requirement

FALSE

similar but not the same

8

How do you calculate the RER for a 20kg animal?

(30 x wt in kgs) + 70 = RER

(30 x 20) + 70 = 130 kcal

9

How do you calculate the daily energy requirement of a patient?

DER = RER x maintenance factor

10

What variations are considered when picking the most appropriate maintenance factor?

species, age, sex, reproductive status, environment, and activity level

11

T/F: The DER only represents an estimate for calculating the initial food dose

TRUE

12

What maintenance factor should be used for any indoor cat that is neutered (even if the BSC is 3/5)

Obese prone bc it is so common in fixed indoor cats

13

What factors belonging to the animal will make them more prone to obesity?

Breed, genetics, endocrinopathy, age, current medications, activity level, musculoskeletal dysfunction, neuter status, if the patient is already over weight

14

When calculating the RER, what body weight should be used?

IDEAL body weight

15

What is the complete and balanced diet concept?

Feeding enough food to meet the patient's DER - will supply all the nutrient requirements for the patient

16

T/F: Calculating the food dosage using the guaranteed analysis is an accurate formula

FALSE

need to use the energy density of the food

17

Calculate a food dose for a dog that has a DER of 938 kcal, and a food that is 350kcal per cup.

(938kcal/day)(1 cup/350 kcal) = 938/350 = 2.68 cups per day

18

T/F: An 8 ounce measuring cup holds 8 ounces of weight

FALSE

it holds 8 FLUID ounces (volume)

**owners need to use appropriate measuring cups

19

What foods must you avoid feeding ad libitum?

Wet food

**will get microbes after sitting out for too long**

20

What is time restricted meal feeding?

Free choice feed for 5-10 mins (or short period of time)

21

What feeding style will reduce the risk of over nutrition and obesity?

Food restricted meal feeding

This differs from time restricted meal feeding bc there is a measured amount of food given, rather than free choice for a short period of time