Flashcards in Swine nutrition Deck (57)
An adult intact male pig is a ____
An adult intact female pigs is a ________
Farrowing is _________
The act of giving birth
A young intact female pig is a ______
Young female that has not yet had babies
A castrated male pig is a _________
Barrow or shoat
What are the two most common feeds that pigs will get, and another nutrient they need to make their diet complete?
Corn and soybean meal
WATER - pigs have a high daily water requirement
What is the second most limiting nutrient to 100lbs in a pig?
Lipids - Energy
How many essential amino acids do pigs require in their diet? How are they supplemented to meet those needs?
They require ten essential FA and those needs will all be met in their mixture or corn and soybean meal - no additional supplementation is required
What is the limiting amino acid in the swine diet?
T/F: Corn is a good source of lysine
Corn is low in lysine, but soybean meal can make up for that
What are the main nutrient sources of energy for pigs?
Carbs and oils/fats
Energy density of the diet determines the level of _________
*high energy diet = reduced intake
*high fiber diet = increased intake
The first limiting nutrient up to 100lbs is _______
Pigs will eat to _______ their energy requirments
T/F: Many pigs are fed ad lib, bc they will eat to meet their needs
*changes will be made for breeding sows and boars
The addition of what vitamins to a pigs diet has been shown to make them perform better?
Extra 10% added to feed
What are the important fat soluble vitamins?
These can be added to feed - usually extra is added since they can decrease in potency over time when being stored
What are the water soluble vitamins?
What are some basic minerals that are required in the swine diet? Are they ever supplemented?
Calcium and Phosphorus
Sometimes calcium is supplemented with the addition with limestone
Adding extra of what two nutrients will help meat retain its color after slaughter?
Vitamin E and selenium
What kind of diet should pet pigs be fed?
A pet pig food that is from a feed store
Excessive table scraps, and dog/cat food should be avoided
What fatty acid is essential for pigs and specifically is good for their skin?
Why are large amounts of fiber usually not fed to pigs?
It will slow down the growing process
What change is made to the diet of a sow about ten - fourteen days before she is bred? What is the process called?
Flushing: increasing the feed intake 10 - 14 days before being bred. This is done to make sure her nutrient levels are at peak and will make her better suited for pregnancy
After farrowing, how should a sow be fed?
Feed to appetite - whatever mama wants
want to make sure the sow does not lose any body condition while lactating
T/F: Sows should have their feed increased 2-4 weeks prior to farrowing?
At want point after farrowing, is the sows food intake decreased?
When the piglets begin weaning (3-4 weeks old)
How is the weaned pig fed?
Typically ad lib - in the beginning it will typically have more milk products for palatabilty and protein since they just got off a strictly milk diet
What is phase feeding?
Adjusting the diet to the needs of the pigs as he grows