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Flashcards in Swine nutrition Deck (57)
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1

An adult intact male pig is a ____

Boar

2

An adult intact female pigs is a ________

Sow

3

Farrowing is _________

The act of giving birth

4

A young intact female pig is a ______

Gilt

Young female that has not yet had babies

5

A castrated male pig is a _________

Barrow or shoat

6

What are the two most common feeds that pigs will get, and another nutrient they need to make their diet complete?

Corn and soybean meal

WATER - pigs have a high daily water requirement

7

What is the second most limiting nutrient to 100lbs in a pig?

Lipids - Energy

8

How many essential amino acids do pigs require in their diet? How are they supplemented to meet those needs?

They require ten essential FA and those needs will all be met in their mixture or corn and soybean meal - no additional supplementation is required

9

What is the limiting amino acid in the swine diet?

Lysine

10

T/F: Corn is a good source of lysine

FALSE

Corn is low in lysine, but soybean meal can make up for that

11

What are the main nutrient sources of energy for pigs?

Carbs and oils/fats

12

Energy density of the diet determines the level of _________

Intake

*high energy diet = reduced intake

*high fiber diet = increased intake

13

The first limiting nutrient up to 100lbs is _______

Protein

14

Pigs will eat to _______ their energy requirments

meet

15

T/F: Many pigs are fed ad lib, bc they will eat to meet their needs

TRUE

*changes will be made for breeding sows and boars

16

The addition of what vitamins to a pigs diet has been shown to make them perform better?

B vitamins

Extra 10% added to feed

17

What are the important fat soluble vitamins?

A
D
E
K

These can be added to feed - usually extra is added since they can decrease in potency over time when being stored

18

What are the water soluble vitamins?

B12
Miacin
Riboflavin
Biotin
Folic acid
Choline
Pantothenic acid

19

What are some basic minerals that are required in the swine diet? Are they ever supplemented?

Calcium and Phosphorus

Sometimes calcium is supplemented with the addition with limestone

20

Adding extra of what two nutrients will help meat retain its color after slaughter?

Vitamin E and selenium

21

What kind of diet should pet pigs be fed?

A pet pig food that is from a feed store

Excessive table scraps, and dog/cat food should be avoided

22

What fatty acid is essential for pigs and specifically is good for their skin?

Linoleic acid

23

Why are large amounts of fiber usually not fed to pigs?

It will slow down the growing process

24

What change is made to the diet of a sow about ten - fourteen days before she is bred? What is the process called?

Flushing: increasing the feed intake 10 - 14 days before being bred. This is done to make sure her nutrient levels are at peak and will make her better suited for pregnancy

25

After farrowing, how should a sow be fed?

Feed to appetite - whatever mama wants

want to make sure the sow does not lose any body condition while lactating

26

T/F: Sows should have their feed increased 2-4 weeks prior to farrowing?

True

27

At want point after farrowing, is the sows food intake decreased?

When the piglets begin weaning (3-4 weeks old)

28

How is the weaned pig fed?

Typically ad lib - in the beginning it will typically have more milk products for palatabilty and protein since they just got off a strictly milk diet

29

What is phase feeding?

Adjusting the diet to the needs of the pigs as he grows

30

How does phase feeding affect the environment?

It will cut down on waste, nitrogen and phosphorus