Flashcards in Intro & Feedstuffs Deck (103)
Which of the following feedstuffs has the highest protein content (%)?
Select the most used cereal in poultry feeding:
Wheat, Maize/corn, Barley, Oats, Millet
What is the essential Amino acid for cats?
Which of the following is the NON-essential amino acid?
None of the above
NONE OF THE ABOVE
All are essential AA
Which of the following is the saturated fatty acid?
Acetic, Oleic, Linoleic
What is the mineral in higher content in beef cattle ash?
K, P, Mo, Zn, Ca
Ca - Calcium
What is the primary nutrient component in livestock feeds?
Composed of: C, H, O
What is a monosaccharide? What are two important monosaccharides we often refer to?
1 sugar molecule
**Fructose and Glucose
(these are hexose monosaccharides)
Fructose and glucose together make Sucrose
What is a disaccharide? Some examples?
2 sugar molecules
Lactose, Maltose, Sucrose
What is a polysaccharide and some examples?
Multiple sugar molecules
Cellulose, glycogen, starch, gums, hemicellulose
Where is protein found in the highest concentration?
In all living organisms (after water)
What are some functions of proteins?
Protecting the body (hair, skin)
Food digestion (enzymes)
Stimulating growth (hormones)
Immune reactions (immunoglobulins)
What are the building blocks of proteins?
Protein = a long chain of amino acids
What are the essential amino acids?
Arginine, Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Valine, Taurine (cats)
What amino acids are low in cereals and thus more likely for those animals eating them to be deficient in?
T/F: If an AA is required to synthesize a protein is not available, that protein will not be synthesized
Organic compounds insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvent, are _________
Found in plants and animals
What is the main role of lipids?
Concentrated form of stored energy
What constitutes a saturated fatty acid?
When all bonds in the carbon are taken up by hydrogen (all the carbons are saturated)
What are five common unsaturated fatty acids?
What are essential fatty acids?
FA that animals require but are NOT able to synthesize
Ex: linoleic and linolenic
What percent of the monogastric animals diet is composed of essential fatty acids?
These are imporant to the lipid protein structure of the cell membrane and prostaglandin
Scaly skin, necrosis of the tail, and poor feathering are all examples of what nutrient deficiency?
Lipids/Essential fatty acids
More frequent in poultry
Macro minerals are the major minerals found in concentrations above ______
Micro minerals (trace minerals) are found in concentrations less than ___________
What are some important macro minerals?
Ca, P, Cl, Mg, K, Na, S
Most minerals found in the animal body are part of the _________
*ash content = mineral content (non specific)
What are some mineral deficiencies seen in sheep, piglets, pigs, goats and chickens?
Cobalt in sheep
Iron in piglets
Seleium in pigs
Zinc in goats and chickens
What animals can not synthesize Vitamin C?
humans, guinea-pigs, monkeys
What vitamins are water soluble?
What vitamins are fat soluble?
Water = C, B1, B2, B6, B12
Fat = A, D, E, K