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RUSVM Nutrition Summer17 > Healthy Canine Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Healthy Canine Nutrition Deck (29)
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1

What kind a food is ideal for puppies?

Specific purpose food for growth (+/- gestation/lactation)

**a food that has passed a feeding trial or test for growth

2

How long should puppies be fed growth specific food?

Until they are about 80% of adult size, then transition to adult food

3

What are the key nutritional factors for puppies?

Energy density
protein
fat
calcium and phosphorus
Soluble carbohydrate
digestibility (about 80%)

4

What is the ideal Ca to P ratio for growing puppies?

Ca:P
1.1-1.8 : 1

5

Can dogs digest starch?

YES

making them different than obligate carnivores

6

What are the pros of food-limiting feeding puppies?

maybe be helpful for house training
Decreases risk factor for obesity
*divide food dose into 3-4 small meals per day - decrease risk of hypoglycemia

7

What is a condition commonly seen in small breed puppies that is associated with their food or feeding method?

puppy hypoglycemia

8

At what age is the digestive tract of a dog mature?

Around 4 months

9

What nutrient(s) need(s) to be higher for puppy development vs in the adult?

trace minerals

ex - copper and zinc

10

What risk factors go up when large breed or giant puppies have excessive food or nutrient intake?

Obesity
developmental orthopedic dz

11

What food should you recommend to an owner with a large or giant breed puppy?

Specific purpose food for growth (+/- gestation/lactation)

**a food that has passed a feeding trial or test for growth
**need to feed for specific DER***

Do not want to overfeed FAT and CALCIUM

12

Hypercalcitoninism will ____ osteoclast activity and _______ osteoblast activity

Decrease
increase

13

How often should a puppies DER be calculated?

At every puppy visit - so every 3 to 4 weeks

14

At what age do dogs tend to become overweight to obese?

Middle age

15

What are the non-dietary risk factors of obese prone adult dogs?

Breed/genetics
Gender and reproductive status
Age - energy requirements go down with age
Sedentary life style
*if they are already overweight

16

What metabolic health issues are seen in obese dogs?

Hyperlipidemia
hyperinsulinemia
glucose tolerance

17

What functional health issues are seen in obese dogs?

Joint stress
dyspnea
hypertension

18

What disease risks are common with overweight dogs?

Diabetes mellitus
Dermatopathy
Immune dysfunction
Tumors

19

T/F: The most important nutrient that working dogs need more of, is protein

FALSE

Working dogs need calories and that is best taken from increased fat

20

What are the most important nutrient factors in the diet of a working dog?

Energy density
Protein
FAT
Antioxidants (it is believed that working dogs will produce more free radicals so this is necessary)

21

What is the performance limiting nutrient in the working dog diet?

FAT

22

What should you look for on a petfood label if you want to feed a pregnant dog?

growth/lactation/gestation or all feeding stages of life

(puppy food works)

23

When should pregnant bitches be on a specific lactation/gestation diet?

Within the last trimester

*want a higher fat content

24

Bitches should enter and exit the gestation and lactation phases of life in _____ body condition

IDEAL

25

You should start feeding puppies a growth/lactation food at _____ weeks of age.

Puppies should be weaned at _____ weeks of age

3 weeks

6-7 weeks

26

Ideally, what should be performed prior to recommending a diet to a senior dog?

Blood work, UA, fecal

get a baseline

27

What are important nutritional factors of senior dogs?

Energy density
protein
fat
fiber
*food texture
Ca:P / NaCl
Antioxidants

28

What are common health problems in older dogs that need to be considered when choosing a diet for an old patient?

Obesity
musculoskeletal dz
chronic kidney dz
decreased cognitive function

29

What should be avoided when feeding old dogs?

nutrient excesses