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RUSVM Nutrition Summer17 > Pet Obesity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pet Obesity Deck (27)
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1

What are some conditions obese pets are predisposed to?

Early death
Orthopedic dysfunction/injury
Respiratory compromise (lar par etc)
Heatstroke
Neoplasia (mammary, TCC)
Cardiovascular (hypertension etc)
Diabetes
Coagulation disorders
Inflammation

2

What is the most important factor to success with weight reduction programs in companion animals?

Owner compliance

*success only occurs with 100% owner cooperation

3

To put it simply, pet obesity is due to taking in ______ calories, than the pet is ______.

Taking in more calories than the pet is expending

4

T/F: Endocrine disorders often play a role in pet obesity

FALSE

These conditions rarely are the primary cause of obesity

5

From an owner point of view, putting their pet on a diet is asking them to _______ their pet

Starve

Many owners think diets are a form of starvation, so they are hesitant to commit

6

How do commercial dog food companies make their foods more palatable?

By increasing the fat content

7

T/F: After a dog is neutered, his total caloric intake should be decreased

True

Usually by about 25%

8

How do you figure out an ideal weight for a pet?

This is subjective. Should be done by evaluating the patients current body condition and weight AND the patient history: pre neuter/spay weight, patient activity, current diet etc

9

A patient is considered obese when it is _____% or greater than their optimal weight

30% or greater than their optimal weight

15% greater than ideal body weight = over weight

10

What an ideal body fat percentage for companion animals?

15 - 20 %

11

Is body score subjective?

YES

12

What percent body weight should you aim for when putting a pet on a weight loss program?

Why?

2%

This is enough for owners to notice a difference and keep them motivated to stick with the weight loss program
This amount will also prevent a drastic decrease in metabolic weight

13

What kind of loss do you want to prevent, by not making a diet too aggressive?

Want to avoid lean body mass loss

Muscle loss can occur via gluconeogenesis if the caloric intake in the diet is too low

14

What is the easiest way to determine how much of a certain food you should be feeding a pet?

Read the label

It's figured out for you - per the desired body weight

(there are calculations that can be done, but this is the easier and less time consuming way)

15

Should you suggest to your clients with pets who need to lose weight, to cut back their normal diet by a certain percentage to encourage weight loss?

NO

You need to change the diet so they can decrease calories, have the proper nutrients, and keep the animal satisfied

16

What nutrient is used to increase the fill factor of a food?

Fiber

Want a food with an increased SOLUBLE fiber (10-30%. regular foods only have about 5%)

17

Why is high protein good or bad for weight loss?

It is good because it prevents muscle break down and loss

18

What are the side effects noted in pet foods that have a high soluble fiber?

Increase in volume of stool and gas

19

Besides helping the animal feel full, what are the other functions of soluble fiber in a weight loss diet?

Soluble fiber will bind to cholesterol and prevent it from being recycled in the body

20

T/F: If you are feeding a low calorie diet, feeding ad lib is ideal

FALSE

Ad lib feeding should be avoided.

2-4 times a day is ideal

21

Besides diet, what is another essential factor in a pet weight loss program?

Exercise!

This is important to burn calories and maintain muscle mass
or to increase muscle mass which will increase calorie burning

22

What is the typical minimal exercise requirements for dogs?

Two brisk 20 min walks a day

23

What happens when your pet reaches their target weight?

Increase calories by 10% per week until the weight stays stable (since you no longer want weight loss)

24

What should the vet or animal hospital do to help support owners with pets on weight loss programs?

Maintain active contact with your clients. Call to check in, and give advice/support. Send news letters, give certificates, discounts and or prizes. Keep your clients motivated and involved.

25

What is a weight loss drug for dogs? Is it commonly used? Why or why not?

Slentrol is a drug used to promote weight loss in dogs. It reduces fat absorption and has an effect on the satiety center in the hypothalamus.

It is often not used bc it is only a temporary fix or short term solution

26

What are some factors that predispose cats and dogs to obesity?

Genetics
Commercial foods high in fat
Owners feeling the need to give treats
Low exercise and kennel restrictions
Ageing
Neutering/spaying
Competition between pets
Endocrine disorders (these are typically never entirely to blame)

27

What is obesity?

An excess of body fat that impairs the health and body function