Reading Petfood Labels Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Nutrition Summer17 > Reading Petfood Labels > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reading Petfood Labels Deck (32)
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1

After recommending a diet change, what does the veterinarian need to do?

Make sure to see the patient back for a re-check

2

What entities are involved with petfoods and labels?

FDA (CVM within FDA)
AAFCO
USDA
State Department of Agriculture

3

All manufacturing facilities must be registered with the _______

FDA

4

What is AAFCO?

Association of American Feed Control Officials

Private, non profit org that publishes model regulations and establishes nutrient profiles (dog and cat)

5

Is AAFCO an enforcement agency?

NO

6

What three pieces of information are required to be on a pet food label principle display panel?

Product name
Designator (dog food or cat food)
Net weight display

7

If a pet food is labeled to contain BEEF, there will be at least ____% total product by weight when made of beef in that food

70%

8

If a pet food is labeled BEEF DINNER, there will be at least ____% total product by weight when made of beef in that food

10% canned
25% dry

(aka formula)

9

If a pet food is labeled WITH BEEF, there will be at least ____% total product by weight when made of beef in that food

3%

10

If a pet food is labeled BEEF FLAVOR, there will be at least ____% total product by weight when made of beef in that food

no percentage necessary - just needs to be recognizable by the pet... usually an artificial flavor or additive

11

If the principal display label of a food has "100% nutritious" then what must also be on the bag or can somewhere? Is that a guaranteed statement?

There must be feeding instructions on the back label

This is a voluntary statement that is not guaranteed

12

Feeding directions on food labeled "less" or "reduced fat" must reflect a reduction in _____

calories

13

Are natural and organic the same?

No

Natural: all ingredients derived solely from plant, animal, or mined sources

14

Is "human grade" ingredients something you will see on a pet food label?

No. It is not allowed bc there is no finite definition

15

T/F: AAFCO has organic standards

FALSE

USDA standards are applied (animal foods must meed the standards required for human foods to be labeled organic)

16

What items can be found on the information panel of a pet food?

Nutrition statement
Ingredient list
Guaranteed analysis
Energy content as ME
Manufacturer, packer, or distributor name and address
Feeding directions
Universal product code

17

What is the nutritional adequacy statement?

aka the AAFCO statement

Examples: intended for intermittent or supplemental use

Use only as directed by your veterinarian

Growth, maintenance etc

18

What does complete for all life stages mean when on a pet food label?

This means that it will address the most energy demanding stages of life: Growth, gestation, and lactation

Therefore, it will exceed some energy requirements for certain stages of life

19

What methods are nutrition statements based on?

Formulation method: "formulated to meed the AAFCO dog food nutrient profile for...."

Feeding trial protocol method: "....substantiated by feeding tests performed in accordance with the procedures established by AAFCO..."

20

What method of nutritional statement claim is best for animals in stressful stages of life? (gestation, lactation, growth, working dogs, outdoor dogs etc)

Diets that have passed a feeding trial

21

What petfoods do not have a statement of adequacy?

Snacks or treats
Veterinary medical foods (many of these will just rec. to consult with your veterinarian)

22

Must all ingredients added to a pet food be listed on the label?

YES

Official names and definitions must be used
(more than 600 ingredients are approved as being generally recognized as safe)

23

In what order are ingredients listed on pet food labels?

In descending order by weight

(on an "as is" basis at the time of manufacture)

24

What is the number one nutrient within the animal protein source in pet food?

Water

25

What is listed within the guaranteed analysis?

Crude protein (min)
Crude fat (min)
Crude fiber (max)
Moisture (max)

26

What determines the dietary protein quality within a pet food?

Ingredient quality

27

Crude fat provides an estimate of the diet's _________ density

Energy

28

What information regarding fiber is more important than the crude fiber?

Total dietary fiber

29

What is the maximum moisture content allowed on a pet food label, WITHOUT including a modifier like "in gravy", or "in sauce:?

78%

30

T/F: A statement of calorie content must be on all petfoods and treats

TRUE

As of January 2017