Healthy Feline Nutrition Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Nutrition Summer17 > Healthy Feline Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Healthy Feline Nutrition Deck (31)
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1

Cats are ______ carnivores

Obligate

2

For the feline, food consumption is based on the _____ of the food, not _______

Density of the food, not bulk

3

T/F: Food temperature has an effect on a cat's food preference

TRUE

4

What kind of food is better at adding more water into a cats diet?

Wet food

5

T/F: Cats that eat entirely dry food are often sub-clinically dehydrated

TRUE

6

What kind of enzyme system does the cat have?

Inducible enzyme system - the amino acids required for the body to function will come from lean muscle if the protein in the diet is not sufficient
**takes only 3 days

7

T/F: Cats have an increased dietary arginine requirement

TRUE

They are not able to synthesize enough ornithine for the UREA cycle so they rely on arginine as a precursor

8

What can occur if a cat is given a meal deficient in arginine?

hyperamonemia

**this could happen with a vegetarian or vegan diet since the best source of arginine is animal protein

9

T/F: Striated animal muscle is a good source of taurine

FALSE

Taurine is in higher quantities in organs - so it is higher in the animal by product meals

10

What is the rate limiting amino acid in the feline diet?

Methionine (MET)

11

What amino acid causes the strong odor in cat urine?

Cystine

12

What lipids do cats not tolerate well, and could potentially cause hepatic lipidosis?

medium-chained triglycerides (MCT)

13

T/F: Cats do not tolerate carbs well

FALSE

They can tolerate carbs well, but don't necessarily need them

14

Does feeding a low carb diet to your cat decreased his/her risk of obesity?

Nope

carb intake is not correlated with obesity in cats

15

What is unique about a cats blood glucose after a meal?

It will have a gradual rise rather than a spike seen in other mammals

16

T/F: Cats and dogs have similar B vitamin requirements

FALSE

Cats have a much higher B vitamin requirement ***best source is from animal tissue

17

Cats must have _____ vitamin A in their diet

pre formed vitamin A

They can not convert beta carotene to make vitamin A

18

Since cats can not convert tryptophan, what nutrient must be supplemented in their diet?

Niacin

19

The ____ of the Mg in a cat's diet is more important than the quantity

source

MgO vs MgCl

20

At what age should kittens be weaned?

between 8-10 weeks

21

________ kittens have an increased risk of becoming obese

neutered

22

What nutrient(s) content varies the most between kitten food and adult cat food?

trace minerals/vitamins

23

What will decrease when a cat is neutered?

Resting energy expenditure

activity level

24

Why does neutering a cat cause them to increase the amount of food they take in?

The lack of hormones will cause a loss of appetite control

25

T/F: Carbohydrates within cat food should be cooked

TRUE

26

Where is the most amount of taurine and copper found in animal products?

in the organs, so by product meals

27

T/F: it is best to feed a reproducing queen a food that has been formulated for growth/gestation/lactation

FALSE


It is best if the food has undergone a food trial for those stages of life

28

T/F: Obesity is less common in geriatric cats than dogs

TRUE

Weight loss tends to be more common in older cats

29

What are some concurrent illnesses that contribute to weight loss in older cats?

Chronic kidney dz
hyperthyroidism
UTIsd
Neoplasia

30

What nutrient do older cats have a tendancy to be deficient in? What clinical signs may you see?

Cobalamin deficieny (Vitamin B12)

Anorexia, wt loss, pica, unkempt-wet looking hair coat

Must give B12 inj to tx (not B12 complex)