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RUSVM Nutrition Summer17 > Poultry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poultry Deck (45)
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1

How long does it take to produce a broiler?

6-7 weeks

Process begins with the arrival of 1 day old chicks brought in from parent farm

Process ends when animals reach market weight and are transported to the processing plant

"all in all out" system

2

Typical pyramid organization of the poultry industry order from bottom to top ?

Production farms-->
Reproduction Farms (Breeders + Hatchery) -->
Genetics/Selection farms (Primary Breeders) *top*

3

Rations in feeding poultry must supply which major nutrient categories?

Protein,
Carbs,
Vits,
Mins,
Water
(Everything except lipids)

4

T or F: Poultry digest fiber well.

FALSE

poultry have a limited ability to digest fiber

5

What percentage of the total rations do grains make up in ideal poultry feed?

50-80%

*corn/maize is the most commonly used grain*

6

Can oats and barley replace corn entirely for grain source in poultry feeding?

NO

oats and barley have a limit of incorporation => 10-15%

7

What are the most relevant AAs in poultry feed?

Arginine
Glycine
Lysine
Methionine
Tryptophan

8

What are the most common sources of protein/AA in poultry diets?

Soybean meal,
Canola meal,
Blood meal,
Fish meal

No worry of prion dz in chickens

9

T or F: Broilers generally require/consume more water than hens.

True

10

What minerals are required in the poultry diet?

Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Co

*these are normally supplied in the form of premixes included in pelleted diets

11

What is the source of minerals and vitamins in the normal poultry diet?

Usually supplied in the form of premixes included in pelleted diets*

12

What is the general life expectancy of a laying hen?

Typically not more than a year and a half

13

When feeding chicks (age: 0-6 weeks old) for egg production, what percentage of protein do starter rations normally have?

STARTER; 18-20%

14

When feeding for egg production, what ration should be implemented at weeks 6-14?

GROWER; 15% protein

15

When feeding for egg production, what ration should be implemented at weeks 14-20?

DEVELOPER; 12% protein

slowly/gradually switch from mesh to pellet

16

When feeding for egg production, what ration should laying hens (20-80 weeks old) be fed?

LAYING ration; 14.5% protein

*light breeds will consume less than heavy breeds

17

What is the suggested daily intake of Calcium in laying hens to support proper egg shell formation?

3.4 grams!
@40 weeks, increase to 3.8!!!

18

What is the amino acid that should be supplemented in laying hens?

Methionine

19

When feeding broilers, what age is the starter diet implemented?

0-2 weeks

20

In broiler production, what age is the grower diet implemented and what % CP should it contain?

3-6 weeks; 20-22% CP

21

In broiler production, what age is the finisher diet implemented and what % CP should it contain?

6 weeks-market; 18-20% CP

*may contain coccidiostats

22

When feeding turkeys, what are the major differences in nutrient requirements compared to feeding chickens?

Protein levels,
Vitamin composition

**turkeys require much higher protein than chickens

23

When feeding turkey poults, what should the pre-starter or starter ration include?

28% protein (pre-starter),
26% protein (starter)

*pre starters have high levels of antibiotics (require vet Rx) vitamins, AA, and energy than starters

24

What are the general changes in energy levels and protein levels as turkeys become older?

Energy levels INCREASE;
Protein levels DECREASE

*know for final*

25

When are turkey toms marketed and what is their live weight?

18-20 weeks

23-35lbs.

26

What age are turkey hens marketed and what is their live weight?

14-16 weeks

14 lbs

27

Are duckling/gosling rations closer in composition to turkeys or chicken?

Chicken (patterned after broiler diets with certain changes)

28

What ration of protein should ducklings and goslings be fed in a starter diet?

22% protein

29

What ration of protein should ducks be fed in a finisher diet?

15-16% protein

30

What vitamin do ducks and geese require a higher %, when compared to chickens?

NIACIN!