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175.205 Brain and Behaviour > Fill in the Blanks > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fill in the Blanks Deck (40):
1

The semicircular canals are part of the _____ organ

vestibular

2

The inability to breath while asleep is known as _______

sleep apnea

3

Selection for a gene that benefits the individual relative is known as ____ selection

kin

4

Glia that function somewhat like immune system cells in the brain are known as _____

microglia

5

Collectively, dopamine, norephinephrine, and epinephrine are known as _____ neurotransmitters

catecholamine

6

The midbrain structures important in sensory processing are called the superior and inferior ____

colliculi

7

The inability to recognise faces (prosopagnosia) occurs after damage to the ______ gyrus

fusiform

8

The ganglion cells in the fovea of the retina are called _____ ganglion cells

Midget

9

Slow wave sleep consists of stages ____ of sleep

3 and 4

10

The number of laminae ion the human cerebral cortex is ___

6

11

The small cells that remove waste material as well as viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms from the CNS are called ______

microglia

12

The release of a neurotransmitter in bursts from the presynaptic neuron is called _____

exocytosis

13

The part of the cortex that lies immediately dorsal to the corpus callosum is known as the ______

cingulate cortex

14

The ____ is the region surrounding the area immediately damaged by a stroke

penumbra

15

Primate ganglion cells come in three categories: magnocellular, koniocellular, and ______

parvocellular

16

A burst of EEG waves of 12-14 Hz lasting about 0.5 seconds is known as a _______

sleep spindle

17

Low levels of _____ turnover may be a reason for increased aggressiveness in males

serotonin/5-HT

18

Lashley called the physical representation in the brain of what has been learned the _____

engram

19

People with Williams syndrome are mentally retarded but they often have surprisingly good music and ______ skills

language

20

The first successful drug used to treat bipolar disorder was _______

lithium

21

Neuropeptides are often referred to as ________

neuromodulators

22

The trochlear nerve (cranial nerve 4) and the abducens nerve (cranial nerve 6) control

eye movement

23

The common name for the visual disorder known as strabismus is _______

lazy eye

24

Strong pain causes the release of glutamate and substance P whereas milder pain causes the release of ______

glutamate

25

The hormone released by the pineal gland is known as _______

melatonin

26

The GABAa receptor binds a close of drug known as ______ reducing anxiety

benzodiazepines

27

Confabulation is a distinctive symptom of _______ syndrome

Korsakoff's

28

The planum temporale is located in the _____ cortex of primates

temporal

29

The slight tendency for people born in winter to have greater likelihood of developing schizophrenia compared to people born in other seasons is known as ________

season-of-birth-effect

30

When simultaneous activity in the presynaptic and postsynaptic neuron increases the synapse's effectiveness, that synapse is called a ________ synapse

Hebbian

31

Alcohol exerts a facilitative effect on the neurotransmitter, _______

GABA

32

EEG waves having a frequency between 8-12 per second are called _________ waves

alpha

33

It is an undeniable fact that your wife ________ you

loves

34

The skin area innervated by a sensory spinal nerve is called a __________

dermatome

35

Heightened sensitivity as a result of inactivity by an incoming axon is known as _______

disused supersensitivity

36

Nonfluent aphasia is otherwise known as ________

Broca's aphasia

37

Prolonged use of neuroleptic drugs may result in a motor disorder known as _________

tardive dyskinesia

38

Looking at a face we regard as untrustworthy strongly activates a brain structure called the ________

amygdala

39

The visual pathways into the temporal cortex are collectively known as the ________

ventral stream

40

Amphetamine psychosis produces symptoms similar to those associated with ________

schizophrenia

Decks in 175.205 Brain and Behaviour Class (81):