Lab 1: Blood Flashcards Preview

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II > Lab 1: Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab 1: Blood Deck (59)
1

Blood is a ____ tissue.

connective

2

Cells formed in red bone marrow from _______ are called hemocytoblasts.

hematopoietic stem cells

3

Cells suspended in liquid matrix are called ____.

plasma

4

If clotting factors are removed from the liquid it is then called a ____.

serum

5

_____ contains formed elements and plasma which can be separated using a centrifuge.

whole blood

6

Heavier components of blood are spun to the _____ of the tube.

bottom

7

The _____ contains both white blood cells and platelets

buffy coat

8

Erythorcytes are ____.

red blood cells.

9

Leukocytes are _____.

white blood cells

10

____ transport gases between the body cells and the lungs.

Erythrocytes

11

Leukocytes protect against ____.

disease

12

Thrombocytes are ____.

platelets

13

Thrombocytes help _____.

form clots

14

______ have the shape of bioconcave discs.

erythrocytes

15

Hemoglobin in erythrocytes carry ______ and ______.

oxygen and carbon dioxide

16

Hemoglobin in erythrocytes gives blood it's ____.

color

17

The life span of an erythrocytes is ___.

120 days

18

Two major categories of leukocytes are _____ and ____.

granulocytes
agranulocytes

19

Granulocytes have large ____ in the cytoplasm.

granules

20

Agranulocytes have small ____ which can't be seen.

granules

21

Leukocytes differ in ___, shape of nucleus, staining characteristics, and granular appearance of the cytoplasm.

size

22

_____ are proteins on the surface of the blood cell.

Antigens

23

_____ are proteins floating around in the plasma/serum that reacts with antigens.

Antibodies

24

Antigen is to key as Antibody is to a ____.

lock

25

Type A blood has ____ antigens.

A

26

Type B blood has ____ antigens.

B

27

Type AB blood has ___ antigens.

both A and B

28

Type O blood has ____ antigens.

neither A or B

29

____% of the population has type A blood.

41%

30

____% of the population has type B blood.

9%

31

____% of the population has type AB blood.

3%

32

____% of the population has type O blood.

48%

33

ABO blood group is based on the presence or absence of _____ antigens.

two (A&B)

34

Type A blood produces ___ antibody.

B

35

Type B blood produces ___ antibody.

A

36

Antibodies produces are ____ of the antigens.

opposite.

37

Type AB blood produces _____ antibodies.

neither A or B

38

Type O blood produces _____ antibodies.

both A and B

39

______ is the clumping of RBC's after a blood transfusion. It only occurs if a person receives the wrong blood type (antigens on the RBC's given, react with antibodies already in blood.)

Agglutination

40

Blood type A can receive type ___ blood.

A and O

41

Blood type B can receive type ____.

B and O

42

Blood type AB can receive type ____ blood.

A, B, AB, O

43

Blood type O can receive type ___ blood.

O

44

Type A blood can donate to ____ blood type.

A and AB

45

Type B blood can donate to ___ blood type.

B and AB

46

Type AB blood can donate to ____ blood type.

AB

47

Type O blood can donate to ____ blood type.

A, B, AB, O

48

The universal donor

O-

49

The universal recipient

AB+

50

Rh blood group named after the ____ it was first studied in.

rhesus monkey

51

There are ____ antigens in the Rh blood group, but antigen ___ is the most prevalent.

several
D

52

If antigen D is present, blood is said to be Rh ___.

positive

53

If antigen D is not present, blood is said to be Rh ___.

negative

54

Rh positive blood group does not produce ____.

Rh antibodies

55

Rh negative blood group will produce Rh-antibodies only if ____ to Rh-positive blood (due to transfusion error or pregnancy)

exposed

56

The first time Rh negative blood is exposed to Rh positive blood ____ will happen, but this causes the formation of Rh antibodies.

formation

57

The second the Rh negative blood is exposed to Rh positive blood the Rh antibodies will react with the ____.

Rh antigens

58

Agglutination in Rh ='s ___.

positive blood type

59

No agglutination in Rh ='s ___.

negative blood type