Lab 4: Endocrine System and Diabetes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 4: Endocrine System and Diabetes Deck (44)
1

______ are ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream to aid in homeostasis.

Endocrine glands

2

______ are chemical messengers that initiate a change in a target cell.

hormones

3

_____ have specific receptors for specific hormones.

target cells

4

____ increase cell size and rate of division.

Growth Hormone (hGH)

5

_____ action is to produce milk.

prolactin (PRL)

6

_____ controls the release of thyroid hormones.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

7

____ controls release of hormones from the adrenal cortex.

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

8

____ is responsible for the development of egg follicles and release of estrogen in females.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

9

____ is responsible for stimulating sperm production in males.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

10

_____ promotes sex hormone secretion and release of egg from ovaries.

Luteinizing hormone (GH)

11

_____ causes kidneys to conserve water.

antidiuretic hormone (SDH)

12

_____ causes uterine contraction and milk secretion.

Oxytocin (OT)

13

Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland releases what hormones.

Growth hormone (hGH)
Prolctin (PRL)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)

14

Posterior lobe of the pituitary gland releases what hormones.

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Oxytocin (OT)

15

_____ increases energy release from carbs.

thyroxine (T4)

16

____ increases rate of protein synthesis.

thyroxine (T4)

17

_____ increases growth rate.

thyroxine (T4)

18

_______increases energy release from carbs, rate of protein synthesis, and growth rate, but is 5x stronger than T4.

Triiodothyronine T3

19

______ decreases blood Ca 2+ levels.

Calcitonin

20

Calcitonin opposes ____.

PTH

21

____ increases blood Ca2+ levels.

PTH

22

PTH opposes ____.

calcitonin

23

____ tells kidneys to conserve Na+ and excrete K+

aldosterone

24

Cortisol ___ protein synthesis, ____ fatty acid release, ____ glucose synthesis from non-carbohydrates.

decreases
increases
increases

25

_______ supplement sex hormones.

adrenal androgens

26

Adrenal Cortex hormones (3)

aldosterone
cortisol
adrenal androgen

27

Adrenal Medulla Hormones (2)

Epinephrine
Norepinephrine

28

____ increase HR and SV (BP)

Epinephrine and Norepinephrine

29

____ causes vasodilation to skeletal muscles and brain.

epinephrine

30

_____ increases airway dilation.

Epinephrine

31

_____ increases metabolic rate and breakdown of glycogen to glucose from liver.

Epinephrine

32

______ causes vasoconstriction to skin and viscera.

norepinephrine

33

Norepinephrine ____ metabolic rate.

increases

34

Pancreatic Hormones (2)

glucagon
insulin

35

Glucagon ___ blood sugar levels.

increases

36

Insulin ____ blood sugar levels.

decreases

37

____ breaks down glycogen and lipids.

glucagon

38

Glucagon stimulates _____ from non carbohydrates.

glucose synthesis

39

Insulin promotes synthesis of ____.

glycogen.

40

Insulin enhances the absorption of _____ by adipocytes and skeletal muscle fibers.

glucose

41

Insulin enhances synthesis of proteins and inhibits _____ of non-carb's into glucose.

conversion

42

_____ diabetes is a genetic mutation, pancreas doesn't create insulin.

Type 1

43

___ diabetes is when the pancreas doesn't create enough insulin (over worked) or the body cells are resistance to the insulin (over used insulin).

Type 2

44

____ diabetes occurs in pregnancy, the pancreas doesn't create enough insulin.

gestational