Lecture 12 - Coxofemoral joint Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 12 - Coxofemoral joint Deck (47):
1

What is the cingulum?

os coxae - pelvis

2

What is the parts of the os coxae?

Ilium, pubis, and ischium

3

What is the stylopodium?

Femur - Thigh

4

What is the zeugopodium?

Tibia and fibula - Leg (crus)

5

What is the autopodium?

pes

6

What is the basipodium?

Tarsal bones - Tarsus (hock, ankle)

7

What is the metapodium?

Metatarsal bones - metatarsus

8

What is the acropodium?

phalanges - digits (toes)

9

Where does the head of the femur articulate in the hip?

Acetabulum of the os coxae

10

What movement happens at the hip joint?

Flexion - crainally; Extension - caudally

11

What movements happen at the joints below the hip?

Flexion - caudally; Extension - crainally

12

What is another name for extension at the foot?

Dorsiflexion

13

What is another name for flexion at the foot?

Plantarflexion

14

Why is the sacroiliac joints composite joints?

Incorporate fibrocartilaginous and synovial portions

15

What are the two parts of the sacroiliac joint?

Auricular surface and iliac tuberosity

16

What joint type is the auricular surface?

fibrocartilaginous

17

What joint type is the lilac tuberosity?

synovial

18

What are the ligaments in regards to the sacroiliac joint?

Ventral sacroiliac, dorsal sacrolilac, and sacrotuberous

19

What do the auricular surface and the iliac tuberosity make up what surface on the pelvis?

Sacropelvic surface

20

What type of joint is the coxofemoral joint?

Synovial joint

21

How does the femur connect to the acetabulum?

ligament of femoral head

22

What is the ligament of the femoral head a continuation of?

transverse acetabular ligament

23

What determines the degree of mobility in the hip joint?

shape of the femur head

24

What is the femoral a. a continuation of?

External iliac artery

25

What muscles in the hip help make up the femoral triangle?

Sartorius and pectineus

26

What runs through the femoral triangle?

Femoral a.

27

What is helpful about the femoral triangle?

Easy place to feel femoral pulse

28

What branches off the femoral a.?

Deep femoral, Saphenous, lateral circumflex femoral a.

29

What other arteries are continuations of the femoral a.?

Popliteal, cranial tibial, and dorsal pedal

30

What comes off the internal iliac a.?

Caudal gluteal a. - cranial gluteal a.

31

What happens with the gluteus superficialis in unglates?

part become incorparated within biceps femoris, sometimes the semitendinosus

32

Where does the tendon in obturator internus exit in horses and dogs?

passes over sciatic notch caudal to acetabulum

33

Where does the tendon of the obturator internus end in horses and dogs?

trochanteric fossa

34

What does the tendon of the obturatur internus do in other animals?

Exits through obturator foramen

35

Where is the articularis coxae?

On the capsule over the cranial aspect of the hip

36

What does the articularis coxae do?

Protect hip joint capsule from being nipped between femoral and acetabular surfaces during movement

37

What is different about the semitendinosus in the horse?

has a second origin from first two caudal vertebrae

38

Where does the branches that innervate the hindlimb come from?

lumbo-sacral plexus

39

What nerve innervates the gluteal muscles?

Cranial and cuadal gluteal nn.

40

What nerve innervates the deep gluteal and caudal thigh muscles?

Sciatic n.

41

What nerve innervates the medial thigh muscles?

Obturator n. (and femoral n. )

42

What is the origin of the sciatic nerve?

last 2 L and first 2 S spinal nn.

43

Where does the sciatic n. terminate?

In thigh, as common fibular and tibial nn.

44

What medial thigh muscles is NOT innervated by the obturator n?

Sartorius m.

45

From what structure does the obturator n. leave the pelvis?

Obturator foramen

46

Where does the obturator n. originate from?

L4-6 spinal nn.

47

What artery does the obturator n. travel with?

Medial circumflex femoral a.