Flashcards in Lecture 12 - Muscles Deck (60):

1

## What is the origin of tensor fasciae latae?

### Tuber coxae; aponeurosis of middle gluteal m.

2

## What is the insertion of tensor fasciae latae?

### Lateral femoral fascia

3

## What is the nerve of tensor fasciae latae?

### Cranial gluteal n.

4

## What is the action of tensor fasciae latae?

### Tense lateral femoral fascia; flex hip (advance); extend stifle (advance)

5

## What is the origin of gluteus medius?

### Crest and gluteal surface of ilium

6

## What is the insertion of gluteus medius?

### Greater trochanter

7

## What is the nerve of gluteus medius?

### Cranial gluteal n.

8

## What is the action of gluteus medius?

### Extend (retract) and abduct the hip; rotate the pelvic limb medially at the hip

9

## What is the origin of gluteus superficialis?

### Lateral border of sacrum and first caudal vert.; sacrotuberous ligament; cranial dorsal iliac spine via deep gluteal fascia

10

## What is the insertion of gluteus superficialis?

### Third trochanter

11

## What is the nerve of gluteus superficialis?

### Caudal gluteal n.

12

## What is the action of gluteus superficialis?

### Extend (retract) and abduct the hip

13

## What is the origin of gluteus profundus?

### Body of the ilium; ischial spine

14

## What is the insertion of gluteus profundus?

### Greater trochanter

15

## What is the nerve of gluteus profundus?

### Cranial gluteal n.

16

## What is the action of gluteus profundus?

### Extend (retract) and abduct the hip; rotate pelvic limb medially at the hip

17

## What is the origin of obturator internus?

### symphysis pelvis and dorsal surface of ischium and pubis

18

## What is the insertion of obturator internus?

### Trochanteric fossa

19

## What is the nerve of obturator internus?

### Sciatic n.

20

## What is the action of obturator internus?

### Rotate pelvis limb laterally at the hip

21

## What is the origin of obturator externus?

### Ventral surface of pubis and ischium

22

## What is the insertion of obturator externus?

### Trochanteric fossa

23

## What is the nerve of obturator externus?

### Obturator n.

24

## What is the action of obturator externus?

### Rotate pelvic limb medially at the hip

25

## What is the origin of Gemelli?

### Ischial spine and lateral surface of ischium

26

## What is the insertion of Gemelli?

### Trochanteric fossa of the femur

27

## What is the nerve of Gemelli?

### Sciatic n.

28

## What is the action of Gemelli?

### Rotate pelvic limb laterally at the hip

29

## What is the origin of quadratus femoris?

### Ventral surface of caudal part of ischium

30

## What is the insertion of quadratus femoris?

### Intertrochanteric crest and shaft of femur

31

## What is the nerve of quadratus femoris?

### Sciatic n.

32

## What is the action of quadratus femoris?

### Rotate pelvic limb laterally at the hip, extend the hip

33

## What is the origin of biceps femoris?

### Sacrotuberous ligament and ischial tuberosity

34

## What is the insertion of biceps femoris?

###
1) Patella, patellar ligament, and ...

2) Subcutaneous part of tibal body

3) Tuber calcanei (look at slide for more indepth answer)

35

## What is the nerve of biceps femoris?

### Sciatic n

36

## What is the action of biceps femoris?

### Extend hip, stifle, and hock; caudal part of muscle flexes stifle

37

## What is the origin of semitendinosus?

### Ischial tuberosity

38

## What is the insertion of semitendinosus?

### Disto-cranial border of tibia; medial surface of body of tibia; tuber calcanei via crural fascia

39

## What is the nerve of semitendinosus?

### Sciatic n.

40

## What is the action of semitendinosus?

### Extend the hip; flex stifle; extend hock

41

## What is the origin of semimembranosus?

### Ischial tuberosity

42

## What is the insertion of semimembranosus?

### Distal medial lip of caudal rough surface of the femur and medial condyle of the tibia

43

## What is the nerve of semimembranosus?

### Sciatic n.

44

## What is the action of semimembranosus?

### Extend the hip; attachment of femur extends the stifle; attachment to tibia flexes or extends stifle depending on position of the limb

45

## What is the origin of sartorius?

###
cranial - iliac crest and thoracolumbar fascia

caudal - cranial ventral spine and ventral border of ilium

46

## What is the insertion of sartorius?

###
cranial - patella w/ rectus femoris

caudal - cranial border of tibia w/ gracilis

47

## What is the nerve of sartorius?

### FEMORAL N.

48

## What is the action of sartorius?

###
Flex hip

Cranial part - extend stifle

Caudal part - flexes stifle

49

## What is the origin of pectineus?

### Iliopubic eminence and pubic tubercle via prepubic tendon

50

## What is the insertion of pectineus?

### Distal aspect of medial lip of caudal rough face of femur

51

## What is the nerve of pectineus?

### Obturator n.

52

## What is the action of pectineus?

### Adduct limb

53

## What is the origin of adductor?

### Pelvic symphysis via symphysial tendon; adjacent part of ischial arch, ventral surfaces of ischium and pubis

54

## What is the insertion of adductor?

### entire lateral lip of caudal rough face femur

55

## What is the nerve of adductor?

### Obturator n.

56

## What is the action of adductor?

### Adduct limb, extend hip

57

## What is the origin of gracilis?

### Pelvic symphysis by means of symphysial tendon

58

## What is the insertion of gracilis?

###
Cranial border of the tibia

Tuber calcanei with semiteninosus

59

## What is the nerve of gracilis?

### Obturator n.

60