Flashcards in Mandarin- Grammar Rules Deck (10):
Golden Rule - Sentence Structure
- Subject (who or what) + when + where + how + action (verb+object)
- When + subject + where + how + action
- Subject + verb + object
The particle "le" can be added to a verb to indicate the action has been complete. Ta qule shanghai (he has gone to shanghai)
For things that happened some time in the unspecified past the particle "guo" is used. Ta quguo shanghai (he's been to shanghai)
The verb Shi (are/am/is) is used when?
Shi is used
- next to a noun and unlike english it is never used next to an adjective
I am a teacher: wo shi lăoshī
I'm thirsty: wo kě le
Adjective: Describes nouns
Adverb: Describes verbs
Adjectives and adverbs go where?
Adjectives and adverbs go
- before the noun its describing, same as English.
Wo hen hao (hen is the adverb)
Noun: person place or thing
Nouns do not show what two things?
Nouns do not show:
- gender (masculine or feminine)
- number (singular or plural)
Lunch/lunches: wufan (noon-rice)
Preposition: giving instruction, indicating location/time, pointing things out
Questions, asking, answering, negatives
When answering a question you repeat or deny the verb, there is no common yes or no.
Ni è ma = è or bu è
What times (when)
In order to do what (why)
Wei shen-me (way shen-muh)
-Demonstratives, giving instructions, indicating location, pointing things out
nà ge (nah ga)
zhè ge (juh ga)
Conjunctions: to connect two word or phrases. Asking questions, making statements
háishi (hi shur)