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Flashcards in Muscoloskeletal need to knows- Final Deck (75):
1

what is a chronic systemic inflammation disorder?

RA

2

what is a disorder of the hyaline cartilage?

OA

3

what is an inflammatory connective tissue disorder

systemic lupus erythomatous

4

what is ossifcation of insertional sits of ligaments, tendons and the intrevertebral discs?

Anklyosing apondylitis

5

what is a defect of purine metabolism that results in hyperuricemia and disposition of intraarticular uric acid crystals

gout

6

what is a decrease in bone density results in occurance of fractures

osteoporosis

7

when should you avoid exercises that involve twisting or explosive movements?

what you have osteoporosis

8

what is congential form of osteoporsis that is caused by an autosomal dominate gene that affects the body's production of collagen?

osteogenesis imperfecta

9

what is a local effect?

signs related to the specific area of the brain or spinal cord in which the lesion is located

10

what is a supratentorial lesions?

occurs in the cerebral hemisphere above the tentorium cerebellium (dysfunction in a discrete area)

11

what is infratentional lesions?

located in the brainstem or below the tentorium (widespread impairment)

12

damage to the left hemisphere results in?

-loss of logical thinking ability
-analytical skills
-other intellectual abilities
-communication skills

13

damage to the right hemisphere results in?

-impaired appreciation for music and arts
-behavioural problems
-spatial orientation and recognition of relations may be deficient
-self care deficits

14

damage to upper motor neurons result is weakness or paralysis on the ____ side

contralateral

15

damage to the lower motor neurons result in weakness or paralysis on the ____ side

same

16

what is decorticate

flexed reasponse

17

what is decerebrate

exteneded response

18

somatosensory cortex in the _____ lobe receives localized basic sensory input

parietal

19

what is hemianopia?

visual lose

20

what is aphasia?

inability to comprehend or express language

21

what is expressive aphasia?

impaired ability to speak or write fluently

22

what is receptive aphasia?

inability to read or understand spoken words

23

what is dysarthria

motor dysfunction affecting muscles used in speech

24

what is agraphia

impaired writing ability

25

what is agnosia

loss if recginition or assoication

26

what is TIA

transiet ischemic attack (mini stroke)

27

what is a ischemic stroke?

occlusion of an artery by atheroma (plaque) that often develops in large arteries

28

what is a embolic stroke-ischaemic stroke?

suddent obstruction caused by an embolus (blockage) lodging in a cerebral artery

29

what is a hemorrhagic stroke?

intracerebral hemorrhage caused by the rupture of a cerebral artery in patients with severe hypertension

30

what is thoracic outlet syndrome?

a condition in which the nerves and blood vessels becomes compressed in the root of the neck or the axilla

31

what can develop with repetitive overuse of the shoulder with the arm positioned over head or abducted and the presence of the tumor?

thoracic outlet syndrome

32

what is neuropraxia?

slight damage to teh nerve and the myelin sheath that recovers in a few hours or weeks. there is temprrary loss of sesnstaion and motor function

33

what is axontomesis

damage to the axons of the nerve followed by complete degeneration of the peripheral segment without severance. at lest 2 weeks

34

what is neurotomesis

complete severance of nerve

35

what is known as cyclists hand?

ulnar nerve palsy

36

what is related to repeated pronation and supination of the forearm

radial nerve palsy

37

what is the rapid development of diffuse brain swelling following a recent brain injury follwoed by a second impact to the hand?

second impact syndrome

38

what is the accumulation of blood between the skill and the outer dural over the of brain

epidural hematoma

39

what is bleeding confined to the surface of the brain secondary to disruption of the meningeal blood vessels

subarachnoid hemorrhage

40

who likes pushing carts?

thoracic spinal stenosis

41

who has pain radiation into the buttock and legs bilaterally?

spondylolisthesis

42

what is caused by the insufficiency of the superior gluteal artery?

intermittent claudication

43

what is tietz sybndrome?

costochondirtis when more than one rib is involved

44

what is post herpetic neuralgia

shingles after it becomes reactive

45

what is isteochondrosis of the anterior intervertebral ring epiphyses?

scheurmann's disease

46

what is the most common sit to get a cervcial spine disc derangement

c5-7

47

what is acetaminophen?

tylenol
-pain and fever

48

what is acetylsalicylic acid

aspirin
-anti-inflammatory
-anti-platelet

49

what is NSADIS

advil
-anti-inflammatory
-fever
-pain

50

what are the side effects of acetylsalicylic acid?

gastronintestinal bleeding
-nausea
-vomiting
-gastric ulcers

51

what are the side effects for NSAIDs

-gastrointestinal irritation
-cardiovascular complications
-renal impairment
-hypersensitivity to tosics

52

what decreases swelling, warmth, redness and pain

corticosteroids

53

what therapeutic effect occurs by inhibiting the activity of the sensory nerve receptors in the skin thereby reducing pain or itching?

local anesthetics

54

therapeutic effects by blocking the afferent messages that travel from the muscles to the barin

muscle relaxants

55

what is polusporin

topical anitbiotic

56

bicep reflex

C5-6

57

bracgioradialis

C6

58

Tricep

C7

59

knee jerk

L3-4

60

achilles tendon reflex

S1-2

61

hip flexion

L1-2

62

Knee extension

L3

63

ankle dorsiflexion

L4

64

extension of D1

L5

65

ankle planarflexion
ankle eversion

S1

66

knee flexion

S2

67

what is solar plexus contusion

getting the wind knocked out of you

68

what condition do you spit up blood like coffee grounds

intraabdominal injury

69

abnormal thickening of the left ventricular wall that leads to electrical probnlems and abnormal hearth rthythms

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

70

what is cauliflower ear

auricular hematoma

71

tip of the shouler

pneumothraw

72

tip of teh shoulderm back or groin

intra-abdominal injury

73

left shoulder (kehrs sign)

splenic rupture

74

right inferior of scapula

liver rupture

75

left anterior abdomen and sides of butt

kidney rupture