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Flashcards in Exercise Prescription Deck (119)
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1
Q
what is exercise prescription professional competency
A
exercise prescription is a central professional competency requiring knowledge, skills and supplication of the movement science
2
Q
what are the two key professional competencies
A
assessment
prescription
3
Q
what is assessment
A
assess client status for movement and exercise in all life domains [ powerful tools, interactive assessment]
4
Q
what is prescription
A
selection appropriate movements to enable safe improve function efficiency and health status
5
Q
critical skills require _____ &_____ of health and lifestyle threats and risk factors
A
empathy and understanding
6
Q
what us a chronic condition
A
pathological health conditions which are not curable but are treatable
7
Q
what is lifestyle risk factor
A
form the bass for most life threatening disease which are preventable and controllable through: treatment and prevention prescription
8
Q
what are the two types of prescription
A
treatment and prevnetion
9
Q
what is an acute disorder
A
musculoskeletal injuries plus other pathologies which are treatable and can be resolved through medical treatments and rehab
10
Q
what are the three movement prescription skills
A
1. functional movement
2. workplace ergonomics
3. recreational, competitive, fitness
11
Q
what is functional movement
A
to enable basic to complex life function for day to day maintenance
example: sit, stand, drive, dress, eat, bathroom
12
Q
what is workplace ergonomics
A
creating proper technique for lifting, creating comfortable chairs and equipment to be used
13
Q
in regards to workplace ergonomics what is fatigue
A
8-12 hour shift low-moderate exertion
14
Q
what movement prescription skill does overuse injury fall in
A
work ergonomics
15
Q
what is important to consider what working with recreation, competitive or fit individuals
A
higher musculoskeletal demands
training and conditioning required
high motivation
high risk factors
16
Q
what is an extreme form of habituation
A
addiction
17
Q
two assessment methods
A
verbal vs testing
18
Q
what two components are u assessing
A
training
fitness levels
19
Q
what are the two energy path ways
A
aerobic
anaerobic
20
Q
what are the five exercise response concepts
A
flexibility/range
performance level for:
strength endurance and power
agility
balance
21
Q
what is an example of biomechanics- skill mechanics
A
walk, lift throw, jump
22
Q
safety and stress limits
A
lifting mechanics spotting CV controls ex. heart rate, blood pressure
23
Q
health condition limits-
A
respirator, muscular CV
24
Q
what are four training adaptions
A
specificity
progressive overload
reversibility
individual differences
25
Q
what is the FITT principle
A
frequency
intensity
time
type/mode
26
Q
what is an adaptive change for pregnant women
A
normal systemic/metabolic physiological and anatomical adaptions for mother to allow for growth of fetus ex. tissue and somatotype-weight gain up to 20kg change in COM, gait,,
27
Q
movement and fitness levels dictate _____ of pregnancy and _____
A
ease
delivery
28
Q
true or false activity level changes with each trimester
A
true
29
Q
what are the two endocrine changes in pregnant women
A
estrogen
progesterone
30
Q
what is estrogen used for
A
rebuilds the endometrial lining after menstruation
enlarges breast during pregnancy
prepares breast for lactation
helps regulate progesterone levels during pregnancy
31
Q
what is progesterone used for
A
maintains endometrial lining during pregnancy
limits the natural movement of the uterus to prevent contraction early in pregnancy
32
Q
what hormone is released early in pregnancy to limit uterine contractions
A
relaxin
33
Q
what is relaxin's major roles
A
soften cervix in prep for child birth
increase range of motion-ligament relaxation
34
Q
what is produced after delivery and stimulates milk production on mammary glands
A
prolactin
35
Q
what hormone stimulate uterine contractions at the end of pregnancy, and stimulates milk ejections
A
oxytocin
36
Q
exercise increase_____ return
A
venous
37
Q
what are Braxton Hicks
A
false contractions
38
Q
what is the greatest predictor of health for a new born baby
A
weight
39
Q
____ improve; lymphatic flow- minimizes edema
A
exercise
40
Q
what maneuver is it called when you hold your breath
A
valsalva maneuver
41
Q
what would be the three outcomes of prevention of CVD
A
- decrease financial burden
- decrease morbidy
- decrease mortality
42
Q
what is the most common form of heart disease
A
Coronary Artery Disease
43
Q
in CAD arteries become_____
A
atherosclerotic
44
Q
approx. how many American's does CAD affect
A
13 million
45
Q
what is an early warning sign of CAD
A
angina pectoris
46
Q
what is the category for any condition where the arteries become more rigid
A
arteriosclerosis
47
Q
what are the three types of arteriosclerosis
A
atherosclerosis
monckbergs arteriosclerosis
artheriosclosis
48
Q
what is monckbergs arteriosclerosis
A
hardening of arties due to calcium deposit
49
Q
what is artheriosclerosis
A
hardening of arteries
50
Q
result of plaque build up in inner linging of arteries, what is the plank
A
accumulation of cholesterol, calcium and other substances
51
Q
plaque causes_____ of arteries which restricts blood flow
A
narrows
52
Q
what is the outermost layer of a vessel, middle and inner called
A
tuncia adventitia
tunica media
tunica intima
53
Q
what is tunica adventitia main role
A
anchors vessel to surrounding structures
54
Q
what is tunica media main role
A
can stretch, recoil, constrict and dilate
composed on smooth muscle & elastic connective tissue
55
Q
what is tunica intima main role
A
think layer of flat cells
only layer that contacts blood
role in development
easily damaged by: high BP, smoking, high LDL, high triglyercides, infection diabetes
56
Q
damage to tunica_____ causes inflammation
A
intima
57
Q
___+ macrophages ----> foam cells
foam cells----> ____ _____
A
LDL
fatty streak
58
Q
what is a heart attack called
A
myocardial infaraction
59
Q
what are symptoms of MI
A
angina pectoris
radiating pain- arms back neck raw
shortness of breath
cold sweat
nausea vomiting or light-headedness
60
Q
what disease is: when one or more of the hearts valves do not work properly
A
heart valve disease
61
Q
what are three types of heart valve disease
A
valvular stenosis
valvular insufficiency
valve prolapse
62
Q
what is valvular stenosis
A
a valve does open properly [ opening too small or it become stiff]
63
Q
what is valvular insufficiency
A
valve doesn't close completely
64
Q
what is valve prolapse
A
valve bulges into the chamber of the heart
65
Q
what is bradycardia
A
heart beat is too slow
66
Q
what is tachycardia
A
heart beat is too fast
67
Q
what is arrhythmias
A
heart beat rhyme
68
Q
what is considered hypertension
A
>140/90 mm Hg
69
Q
what is PAD
A
peripheral artery disease
70
Q
what is peripheral artery disease
A
atherosclerotic plaque causes narrowing in peripheral arteries
leads to ischemia [ inadequate blood supply] in distal tissue
71
Q
what is congenital heart disease
A
present at birth
defect in the heart and vessels
72
Q
what is congestive heart failure
A
failure happen when the heart doesn't pump as strongly as it needs to
CHF is the result of damaged heart
73
Q
what are the three major components of the CV system
A
blood
heart
vessels
74
Q
two jobs of CVS
A
1. ensure adequate distribution of oxygenated blood throughout the body
2. deliver waste products to excretory organs (kidney, lungs, skin) where they can be removed
75
Q
there are two different types of risk factors that contribute to CVD
A
controllable
uncontrollable
76
Q
what are the two higher risk ethnicity's
A
Asian and African
77
Q
what is atherosclerosis
A
build up of plaque on arterial wall-arterial lesion/damage to wall, high LDL= high plaque levels
78
Q
what is arteriosclerosis
A
breakdown of atrial walls elastic qualities increase in internal pressure-hardening of vessels which increase internal pressure which results in high blood pressure
79
Q
what is aneurism
A
bulging of blood vessel-pressure in brain or [aneurism aortic]
80
Q
what is defined as: tightness/pressure in chest, mid back, jaw neck and left arm
A
angina
81
Q
catheter placed through one of what two atrial option
A
femoral or radial
82
Q
optional cardiac tests
A
MUGA scan
stress test
nuclear stress test
persantine test
83
Q
what is MUGA scan:
A
injection of radioactive nuclear medicine-provides a movie image of heart chambers using specialized camera while exercising
84
Q
what is a stress test
A
patient is exercised [treadmill or bike] to max target heart rate level plus their perceived exertion, blood pressure and heart rate EKG readings taken simultaneously
85
Q
what is a nuclear stress test
A
radio isotopic injected at rest and after exercise-pictures taken of heart to detect regions where blood deficient
86
Q
what is a persantine test
A
evulates coronary arteries without exercise. drug-presantine injected to relax and dilate coronary blood vessels as if you were exercising-radioisotope also used to take pictures
87
Q
what is: progressive chronic disease causing reduction in bone density
A
osteoporosis
88
Q
what is a malformation of spine called
A
dowager hump
89
Q
what does BMD stand for
A
bone mineral density
90
Q
1 SD below average BMD means
A
osteopenia
91
Q
2.5 SD below normal BMD means
A
osteoporosis
92
Q
what is glucocorticoids associated with
A
osteoporosis
93
Q
what is vertebral compression
A
wedge fractures not obvious with x rays
94
Q
what is severe kyphosis
A
anterior vertebra body collapsing during flexion
95
Q
what is respiratory function and vital capacity reduced
A
muscular failure in thorax
96
Q
premarin oge estrace and Estraderm are medications for
A
osteoporosis
97
Q
what two hormones reabsorb at cancellous bone
A
calcitonin and miacalcin
98
Q
what is Osgood bar syndrome
A
chronic fatigue often experienced alone
99
Q
out of 18 how many pain trigger sites do you need to be considered fibromyalgia
A
11
100
Q
what is symptoms cycling
A
problematic for consistent quality of life, work and consistent personal lifestyle
101
Q
what is parethesis
A
numbness at variable points in extremities
102
Q
what is fibro fog
A
general neural 'fuzziness' loss of short term memory, inability to complete verbal sentences
103
Q
what are three fibro-etiologies
A
muscle abnormalities
neuro endocrine
gentic predisposition
104
Q
neuro endocrine (fibro etiology)
A
autonomic system regulation disorder- digestive tract bowl function-irritable bowl syndrome
105
Q
HPA hypothalamic pituitary-adrenal gland disturbance, serotonin levels variable and local muscle glucose metabolism diminished is a cause of what
A
fibro
106
Q
rheumatism
A
non-specific term used to describe any painful disorder affect the locomotors system including joints, muscles, connective tissue, soft tissue around the joints and bones
107
Q
how many classes are there of OA
A
4
108
Q
what are the four classes of OA
A
1- able to perform most motions with [ain tolerance
2- mild/moderate 1+ joints
3- limited abilities partial self care
4- incapacitated- death with failure of respiratory system-thoracic cage failure
109
Q
what is systemic auto immune inflammatory disorder
A
rheumatoid arthritis
110
Q
NSAID medication
A
pain reduction agents ex aspirin
111
Q
DMARDS medication
A
disease modifying antirheumatic drug
112
Q
BRM
A
biological response modifiers [immune response]
113
Q
COPD
A
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
114
Q
secondary infection for COPD is
A
phlegm blockage response
115
Q
what is emphysema
A
collapse of alveoli
116
Q
what is asthma
A
restriction of air flow to lungs
117
Q
what di antihistamines treat
A
allergy control
118
Q
what do antiviral treat
A
infections
119
Q
nociceptors
A
receptors for pain