Neuro-Antibiotic Drugs Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology & Drugs > Neuro-Antibiotic Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neuro-Antibiotic Drugs Deck (20):
1

What is the empiric treatment for a community acquired subdural empyema

Ceftriaxone/cefotaxime + vancomycin + metronidazole

2

What is the empiric treatment for a nosocomial acquired subdural empyema

Meropenem + vancomycin

3

When is vancomycin used in the treatment for brain abscesses

Until it has been shown to not be MRSA

4

Wht does penicillin G cover with regards to brain abscess

Aerobic and anaerobic streptococci (mouth flora)

5

What is the empiric treatment for acute pyogenic meningitis in patients that are immunocompromised

Vancomycin + ampicillin + cefepime/meropenem

6

Which drugs can be used for a brain abscess complication during a neurosurgery or P. Aeuriginosa

Ceftazidime, cefepine, meropenem

7

What is the empiric treatment for acute pyogenic meningitis in patients with Beta lactam allergy >50

Vancomycin + moxifloxacin + TMP/SMX

8

What is the empiric therapy of a patient with a brain abcess from an unknown source

Vancomycin + Ceftriaxone/cefotaxime + metronidazole

9

What do the third generation cephalosporins cover with regards to brain abscess treatment

-most aerobic and microaerophilic strep
-enterobacteriaceae

10

What is the treatment of fungal meningoencephalitis during the consolidation period of therapy

Fluconazole

11

What is the empiric treatment for acute pyogenic meningitis in neonates

Aka E. Coli and Strep B
-Cefotaxime/Ceftriaxone + Vancomycin

12

What does metronidazole cover with regards to brain abscess treatment

Most because it is able to penetrate the brain abscesses

13

What is the treatment of fungal meningoencephalitis during the induction period of therapy

Amphotericin B + flucytosine

14

Which drug is replaced and what is the replacement in the cause of a brain abscess that does not contain MRSA

Vancomycin is replaced with nafcillin or oxacillin

15

What is the empiric treatment for acute pyogenic meningitis in adolescents and young adults

Aka Neisseria menigitidis
-Cetotaxime/Ceftriaxone + vancomycin

16

What is the empiric treatment for acute pyogenic meningitis in infants

Aka H. Influenza
-Hib vaccine
-Ceftriaxone/cefotaxime

17

What are the side effects of using amphotericin B

Acute renal toxicity
Acute febrile reaction (chills and fever is common)

18

What is the empiric treatment for acute pyogenic meningitis in patients with beta lactam allergy

Vancomycin + Moxifloxacin

19

What is the standard empiric treatment for acute pyogenic meningitis in patients >50

Aka S. Pneumoniae or Listeria
-Cefotaxime/Ceftriaxone + vancomycin + ampicillin

20

What are the common pathogens leading to a subdural empyema

Staphylococci and gram negative bacilli