Psychosocial Intervention: Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychosocial Intervention: Exam 2 Deck (48):
1

How can an injury affect an athlete?

Psychologically and sociologically and it can be just as debilitating as physical aspects

2

What must the sports medicine team understand about psychosocial aspects?

Understanding of how psyche, emotions, and feelings enter into the treatment process

3

What 2 types of heal must an ATC insure before returning to play?

Physical and psychological

4

Short term injury

<4 weeks

5

Long term injury

>4 weeks

6

Chronic injury

Recurring

7

Terminating injury

Career ending

8

What other factors must an ATC account for besides the details of an injury itself? (5)

-support system
-mental health
-history of injury
-stage in career/ season
-position/ role on team

9

Kubler-Ross's Model of Reaction to Death and Dying

DABDA (denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance)

10

Cognitive appraisal

Consideration of an athlete's personal and situational factors and how those influence their appraisal of the situation

11

Emotional response

Anger, depression, ect

12

Behavioral response

Compliance with rehab

13

How might an athlete feel following an injury?

Alienated from the team

14

What relationships can become strained following an injury?

-teammates
-coaches
-friends

15

Where can an athlete find support?

-sports psychologist and support groups
-others that have gone through similar rehab

16

How does a sports psychologist help an athlete?

-prevent feeling of negative self worth and loss of identity
-stress the importance of remaining a teammate

17

Rehab's role in support

-incorporate sports specific drills
-increase levels of efforts if it feels more relevant
-allow athlete to gain appreciation of skills necessary to return to play

18

Predictors of injury

Some psychological traits may predispose athletes to injury although not one personality type but risk takers are usually "more injury prone"

19

Acute stress

Threat is immediate and response instantaneous

20

Chronic stress

Leads to an increase in blood corticoids from adrenal cortex

21

What can happen when an athlete is removed from sport because of injury?

It can be devastating and can impact attaining goals

22

What can lead to pain and disability?

Fear and anxiety about injury

23

What does coping depend on?

Cognitive appraisal

24

What are some stressors in an athletes life?

-sports
-expectations
-work
-academics
-family
-relationships
-media scrutiny

25

How does mental state affect competition?

It can play a part in injury (distracted, angry, frustrated, sad, apathetic)

26

How must an ATC play a counseling role?

-emotions, conflicts, personal problems
-frustrations, fears, crises
-professional referral

27

When does overtraining happen?

Physical load> coping capacity

28

What can overtraining lead to?

Staleness and burnout

29

How should staleness be treated?

-early recognition
-implement short interruption in training
-complete withdrawal can result in sudden exercise abstinence syndrome

30

Burnout

Syndrome related to physical and emotional exhaustion leading to negative concept of self, job, and sports attitudes, and loss of concern for feeling so others

31

What stems burnout?

Overwork **can effect ATC and impact physical health

32

How should ATC react to athletes with injury?

-ATCs are not usually trained in counseling
-respond to individual and not the injury
-initially, "emotional first aid" will be required
-sports med team must be understanding and be prepared to answer patients concerns

33

Catastrophic injury

Permanent functional disability

34

Where should intervention be directed for a catastrophic injury?

Toward the psychological impact of the trauma and the ability of the athlete to cope

35

How will a catastrophic injury affect a persons functioning?

It will profoundly affect all aspects

36

Where should teammate be considered during a catastrophic injury?

It can have major effects on teammates and the ATC must be cognizant on that fact

37

Why must an ATC remain detached from an injury?

The ATC must make decisions regarding care and management of the injury based on training and it emotional attachment cannot cloud their judgement

38

What can an ATC do post-injury to help with their emotional stress?

Outside counseling in order to assist in coping

39

What should be taken into consideration for successful rehab?

Patient's psyche

40

Rapport

The existence of mutual trust and understanding

41

What can encourage cooperation?

Educate the patient on healing and recovery process

42

How should the pace of rehab be set?

Setting and attaining goal and capitalizing on competitive nature of most athletes

43

What must an athlete do as well as feeling free to vent and ask questions?

Take responsibility

44

How should you explain the injury?

In a way that is understandable and relatable

45

What must an ATC do concerning anxiety?

Understand it and be prepared to counteract or cope with it

46

What must and ATC be able to do concerning mental illnesses?

Recognize problem, know limitations, and make a referral

47

What is a mental illness?

Any disorder that affects the mind or behavior

48

Examples of mental disorders

-anxiety
-mood disorders
-eating disorders
-personally disorders (OCD)