Shoulder Part 2: Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Shoulder Part 2: Exam 3 Deck (63)
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1

Injuries to the shoulder complex

-bony
-ligament
-muscle
-tendon
-overuse

2

What causes a clavicle fracture?

-FOOSH
-direct impact
-fall on tip of shoulder

3

What does FOOSH mean?

Fall on out stretch hand

4

Symptoms of clavicle fracture

-Clavicle may appear lower or more prominent in the middle third
-pain on palpation
-swelling
-deformity
-point tenderness

5

Management of clavicle fracture

-closed reduction
-sling
-immobilize with figure 8brace for 6-8 weeks
-may require surgery

6

Where is the most common place for a clavicle fracture?

Middle third

7

What causes a scapula fracture?

Direct impact or force transmitted thru humerus

8

Symptoms of scapula fracture

Pain during shoulder movement
-swelling
-point tenderness

9

Management of scapula fracture

-sling immediately
-follow up with x-ray
-sling for 3 weeks

10

What causes a humeral shaft fracture?

-direct blow
-FOOSH

11

What is the danger of a humeral fracture?

Nerve and blood supply

12

Symptoms of humerus fracture

-pain
-swelling
-point tenderness
-decreased ROM

13

Management of humerus fracture

-immediate application of splint, treat for shock, refer

14

Difference in management of humeral fracture and proximal fracture

H: remove from activity for 3-4 months
P: incapacitation for 2-6 months

15

What causes a SC sprain?

-indirect force
-Blunt trauma

16

Symptoms of grade 1 SC sprain

Pain and slight disability

17

Symptoms of grade 2 SC sprain

-pain
-subluxation with deformity
-swelling
-point tenderness
-decreased ROM

18

Grade 3 SC sprain symptoms

-gross deformity (dislocation)
-pain
-swelling
-decreased ROM

19

When is a SC sprain life threatening?

If it dislocates posteriorly

20

Management of SC sprain

-RICE
-reduction
-immobilize for 3-5 weeks
-graded reconditioning

21

what causes an AC sprain?

-direct blow
-upward force from the humerus
-FOOSH

22

Symptoms of AC sprain

-pain with direct Alsatian and stress to joint

23

What can AC sprain be confused with?

AC joint contusion

24

How many grades of AC sprain?

1-6 based on severity

25

Grade 2 AC sprain symptom

-deformity

26

Grade 3+ AC sprain

Need surgery

27

AC sprain management

-ice
-stabilization
-refer
-agressive rehab
-specialized padding

28

Grades 1-3 non operative

3-4 days and weeks of immobilization respectively

29

GH sprain cause

Forced abduction or external rotation or a direct blow

30

Symptoms of GH sprain

-pain during movement especiallyy when recreating MOI
-decreased ROM and pain with palpation n