Modalities: Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

Kinesiology > Modalities: Exam 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Modalities: Exam 2 Deck (52):
1

Should modalities take the place of therapeutic exercises?

No, they should be in adjunct

2

What is important to understand in modalities?

How they work and their role in the healing process. Also should know indications and contradictions

3

types of energy used in modalities

-thermal conductive
-electromagnetic
-sound
-mechanical

4

What can happen to these tissues once they come in contact with biological tissue?

-reflected
-refracted
-Absorbed
-transmitted

5

What are the physiological effects on heat dependent on?

-type of heat energy applied
-intensity of energy
-duration of exposure
-Tissue response

6

What are the desired effects of Thermotherapy?

-increase collagen extensibility
-reduce stiffness
-reduce pain
-increase blood flow
-reduction of edema and swelling
-relieving muscle spams

7

Conduction

Heat transferred from a warmer object to a cooler one

8

What is conduction dependent on?

-temp
-exposure time

9

What temp will cause damage?

116.6 degrees and 113 degrees should not be in contact with skin longer than 30 minutes

10

Convection

Transfer of heat through movement of fluids or gases

11

Radiation

Heat is transferred from one object thru space to another object

12

Examples of radiation

Shortwave diathermy, infrared heating and ultraviolet therapy

13

Conversion

Generation of heat from another object (sound electricity)

14

Examples of electromagnetic energy

Shortwave, low level laser therapy, diathermy, lasers

15

What does electromagnetic therapy rely on?

Electromagnetic energy which travels at the speed of light

16

What is diathermy good for?

Deep heating for large areas

17

Example of acoustic

Ultrasound

18

Acoustic

High frequency sound waves vibrate tissue and produces heat and impacts cell membrane permeability

19

Mechanical examples

Traction, intermittent compression

20

Mechanical

Involves mechanically stretching, compressing , and manipulating soft tissue and joint structures

21

Hydrocollator packs

Gel packs submerged into 160-170 degree water

22

How long do Hydrocollator packs maintain heat?

20-30 minutes

23

What are Hydrocollator packs used for?

General muscle relaxation and reduction of spams

24

Limitation of Hydrocollator packs

Unable to heat deeper tissue

25

Whirlpool

Varying size tank with turbines that agitate water

26

What does whirlpool combine?

Combines massage and water immersion

27

What type of Thermotherapy is whirlpool?

Conduction and convection

28

Special considerations for whirlpool

-caution with full body immersion (lightheaded b/c vasodilation)
-infection
-electrical saftey
-contraindicated for acute injuries due to gravity dependent position

29

Paraffin bath

Heated paraffin wax and mineral oil combo

30

What is paraffin useful in treating?

Chronic injuries and angular areas such as hands ankles and feet

31

Application of paraffin bath

-dip and wrap
-Soak

32

What does cryotherapy rely on?

Conduction and convection

33

What does vasoconstriction do in cryotherapy?

Decrease swelling

34

Skin response to cold stage one

-sensation: cold
-time:0-3 min

35

Skin response to cold stage 2

Sensation:mild burn/ aching
Time: 2-7 minutes

36

Skin response to cold stage 3

-sensation: relative numbness
-time: 5-12 minutes

37

Ice massage

Foam cup with frozen water used over small muscle area

38

What is used for turf burn?

Soap ice cup which produces a cleansing effect as well as massage

39

Cold or ice water immersion

Variety of basins or containers or a small whirlpool with circumferential cooling of a part of the body

40

How long should ice water immersion last?

10-15 minutes

41

Temperature for cold or ice water immersion

50-60 degrees

42

Considerations for cryotherapy

-temp and duration
-allergies

43

Allergies to cold

-hives
-raynauds

44

4 purposes of muscle contractions of electrical stimulation

-muscle pump
-muscle strengthening
-slowing of atrophy
-muscle re-education

45

Ionotophoresis

Positively or negatively charged medicine is pushed into tissue via electrical current

46

What is ionotophoresis used to treat?

Musculoskeletal inflammatory conditions, analgesic effects, calcium deposits

47

Ultrasound therapy

-Stimulates repair of soft tissue and pain relief
-Form of acoustic energy used for deep tissue heating or to promote fluid reabsorption

48

What do the non-thermal effects of ultrasound therapy include?

Cavitation which impacts tissue permeability and fluid movement which is useful for acute injuries

49

Traction

Applying tension to joint for therapeutic effect

50

Intermittent compression units

Reducing inflammation and muscle recovery

51

Cryocuff/ game ready

Combining compressive and cryotherapy

52

Massage

Soft tissue manipulation