The Ankle Part 1: Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

Kinesiology > The Ankle Part 1: Exam 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Ankle Part 1: Exam 3 Deck (23):
1

Joints in the ankle

-tibiofibular
-talocrural
-subtalar

2

Talo-

Talus

3

Crural

Lower leg

4

Talocrural joint bones

-talus
-tibia/ fibula

5

Alternate name for talocrural joint

Ankle mortise

6

What motions occur in the talocrural joint?

Plantarflexion and dorsiflexion

7

What bones does the subtalar joint articulate between?

Talus and calcaneus

8

What motions occur at the subtalar joint?

Inversion and eversion

9

Lateral ligaments

-ATFL
-PTFL
-CFL

10

Medial ligaments

Deltoid

11

4 compartments of muscles in the ankle

-anterior
-lateral
-superficial posterior
-deep posterior

12

Ankle dorsiflexion ROM

10 degrees

13

Ankle plantar flexion ROM

50 degrees

14

Ankle inversion ROM

40 degrees

15

Ankle eversion ROM

20 degrees

16

How to prevent ankle injury

-proper ROM in achilles tendon
-strengthening of muscles to improve stability
-proprioception
-proper footwear
-tape/brace

17

Proper footwear to prevent ankle injury

Cleats, sport-specific shoes

18

How to assess ankle and lower leg injury

-history
-observation
-bony and soft tissue palpation
-special tests

19

Ankle history

-Events prior
-MOI/
-when did the injury happen?
-type quality and duration of pain
-sound and feeling
-how long?
-previous treatment

20

Observation

-alignment of knee and foot
-gait
-deformities
-color
-swelling

21

Bony palpation

-fibular head and shaft
-lateral malleolus
-tibial plateau
-tibial shaft
-medial malleolus
-dome of talus
-calcaneus
-sustentaculum tali

22

Soft tissue palpation

-anterior/ posterior talofibular ligament
-calcaneofibular ligament
-deltoid ligament
-anterior tibiofibular ligament
-posterior tibiofibular ligament
-musculature

23

Most distal pat of the tibia

Medial malleolus