Flashcards in Face And Throat Injuries Deck (119)
How many bones are in the head?
What are the immovable joints that hold the head bones together?
What is the scalp?
Loose connective tissue and skin
Parts of the brain (40
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Surrounds and suspends the brain within the skull cavity
What does the CSF act as?
3 membranes surrounding brain/spinal cord
Outermost dense layer
Weblike delicate layer
Innermost, thin layer that is highly vascularized and adheres closely to brain/cord
History in head injuries
-previous head trauma
-info regarding injury
Possible MOI in head injuries
-deceleration of head (whiplash)
Observation of head injury
What is normal for patient?
Palpation of head injury
-point tenderness or deformity
A type of mild traumatic brain injury that can result in variety or presentations or deficits
Mild traumatic brain injury
Common deficits of concussion
-symptoms (headache, dizziness, ect)
What else can a concussion impact?
-emotions or mood
-vision and eye tracking
-long term consequences
Does a concussion have diagnostic evidence/ is it a clear cut injury?
Why is a concussion hard to diagnose?
It is a disruption in brain function at a cellular level and doesn't necessarily result in anatomical changes that you can see
-clinical exam and impression
-signs and symptoms
Most important in concussion evaluation
Optional steps in concussion evaluation
-visual acuity and eye tracking
-mood and emotional assessment
How to asses static balance
Determine patients ability to stand and remain motionless
2 types of static balance testing
-Romberg and BESS
Dynamic balance testing
Sensory Organization Test
Clinical battery of test that utilizes difference stances on both firm and foam surface
Errors in BESS
-patient open eyes
-takes hands off hips
-step/ stumbles or falls