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Flashcards in Face And Throat Injuries Deck (119)
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1

How many bones are in the head?

22

2

What are the immovable joints that hold the head bones together?

Sutures

3

What is the scalp?

Loose connective tissue and skin

4

Parts of the brain (40

-cerebrum
-cerebellum
-pons
-medulla oblongata

5

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

Surrounds and suspends the brain within the skull cavity

6

What does the CSF act as?

A cushion

7

Meninges

3 membranes surrounding brain/spinal cord

8

3 meninges

-dura mater
-arachnoid
-Pia mater

9

Dura mater

Outermost dense layer

10

Arachnoid

Weblike delicate layer

11

Pia mater

Innermost, thin layer that is highly vascularized and adheres closely to brain/cord

12

History in head injuries

-previous head trauma
-info regarding injury
-MOI

13

Possible MOI in head injuries

-direct blow
-deceleration of head (whiplash)
-shear force

14

Observation of head injury

What is normal for patient?

15

Palpation of head injury

-cervical spine
-skull
-point tenderness or deformity

16

Concussion

A type of mild traumatic brain injury that can result in variety or presentations or deficits

17

MTBI

Mild traumatic brain injury

18

Common deficits of concussion

-neurocognition deficits
-balance difficulty
-symptoms (headache, dizziness, ect)

19

What else can a concussion impact?

-sleep
-emotions or mood
-vision and eye tracking
-long term consequences

20

Does a concussion have diagnostic evidence/ is it a clear cut injury?

No

21

Why is a concussion hard to diagnose?

It is a disruption in brain function at a cellular level and doesn't necessarily result in anatomical changes that you can see

22

Concussion evaluation

-clinical exam and impression
-neurocognitive function
-signs and symptoms
-balance assessment

23

Most important in concussion evaluation

Clinical exam

24

Optional steps in concussion evaluation

-visual acuity and eye tracking
-mood and emotional assessment
-sleep disturbance

25

How to asses static balance

Determine patients ability to stand and remain motionless

26

2 types of static balance testing

-Romberg and BESS

27

Dynamic balance testing

Sensory Organization Test

28

BESS

Clinical battery of test that utilizes difference stances on both firm and foam surface

29

Errors in BESS

-patient open eyes
-takes hands off hips
-step/ stumbles or falls

30

What happens with any LOC?

-ATC must remove athlete from competition and a cervical spine injury should be assumed