Quiz 1: Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 1: Exam 1 Deck (106):
1

What is the history of athletic training?

-the Greeks and Romans used home remedies especially for gladiators
-mid to late 20th century home remedies and massage

2

What are the three terms used for an athletic trainer?

-Athletic Trainer
-Certified Athletic Trainer
-ATC

3

Certified Athletic Trainer

Health care professional that specializes in preventing, recognizing, managing, and rehabilitating injuries that result from physical activity

4

Who does the ATC work for?

Under the direct supervision of a licensed physician. Also works with other health care professionals, athletic admins, coaches, and parents

5

What falls under the sports medicine performance enhancement branch?

Coaches, strength and conditioning, nutrition, sports psychology, biomechanics

6

What branch of sports medicine does Athletic Training fall under? What are other examples of this branch?

Injury care and management; physical therapy, massage therapy, dentistry, chiropractic

7

Primary Player on Sports Medicine Team

-athlete
-coach
-Physician
- ATC
-parents (high school)

8

Sports medicine team

-physician
-ATC
-dentist
-coaches
-parents
-EMTs
-Orthopedic surgeons

9

Athletic Trainers' Domains (5)

-injury/ illness prevention and wellness protection
-clinical evaluation and diagnosis
-immediate and emergency care
-treatment and rehabilitation
-organizational and professional health and well-being

10

Athletic Trainers knowledge (12)

-risk management and injury prevention
-pathology of injuries and illnesses
-orthopedic clinical exam and diagnosis
-medical conditions and disabilities
-acute care of injuries and illnesses
-therapeutic modalities
-conditioning and rehabilitative exercise
-Pharmacology
-psychosocial intervention/ referral
-nutritional aspects of injury/ illness
-health care admin
-professional development and responsibility

11

Risk management

Equipment knowledge, be aware of surrounding (heat injuries)

12

Pathology of injury/ illness

How an injury happens and how it resolves

13

Nutritional aspects of injury/ illness

Prevention, post-injury (wisdom teeth, jaw surgery, ect)

14

Health care administration

Coordination with referrals and follow-ups

15

Personal qualities (8)

-stamina and ability to adapt
-empathy
-sense of humor
-communication
-intellectual curiosity
-ethics
-personal support
-stubborn

16

Importance of engaging in evidence based practice (5)

-develop a clinical question
-search literature
-appraise the evidence
-apply the evidence
-asses the outcome

17

NATA

National Athletic Trainers' Association; enhance the quality of health care provided by certified athletic trainers and to advance the athletic training profession

18

AMA

American Medical Association; recognized athletic training as an allied health field in 1990

19

BOC

Board of Certification; responsible for the certification exam for athletic trainers

20

CAATE

Commission for Accreditation of Athletic Training Education;

21

How to become an ATC

-bachelor's degree from a CAATE accredited institution
-a master's from a CAATE accredited institution with prerequisites
-Pass the BOC exam

22

First 2 years of becoming an ATC

-complete prerequisite math, English, and science courses
-complete athletic training prerequisites
-Apply and acceptance to department
-Apply to ATEP

23

Clinical experiences to become ATC

-equipment intensive sport (football)
-upper extremity (baseball) and lower extremity (soccer)
-male and female sports
-out of season sport

-up to 25 hours per week
-100 hours per month

24

BOC exam

Sets the standards for the practice of athletic training. (Only accredited certifying body for ATC in US)

25

Parts of BOC

-proof of degree, courses, clinical experience, and endorsement of program director
-computerized (practical skills, theoretical knowledge, situational knowledge)

26

Practicing as ATC

-under supervision of physician
-in accordance with state acts (licensure: most restrictive, certification, registration)
-liability insurance

27

Employment settings

-clinics and hospitals
-physician extenders: orthopedic office
-corporate setting (delta)
-industrial setting
-Traditional
-pro sports
-performing arts
-military
-wellness clubs

28

ATC Continuing Education

-required every 3 years
(Conventions, workshops, self study, research, ect)

29

Superior

Towards the top

30

Inferior

Towards the bottom

31

Caudal

Towards the hind

32

Anterior

Towards front

33

Posterior

Towards the back

34

Medial

Towards the midline

35

Lateral

Away from the midline

36

External

Towards surface

37

Internal

Interior of the body

38

Proximal

Close to

39

Distal

Far away

40

Dorsum

Back of

41

Palmar

Relating to the palm

42

Bilateral

Both sides

43

Unilateral

One side

44

Ipsilateral

Same side as

45

Contalateral

Opposite side

46

Flexion

Decreasing angle

47

Extension

Increasing angle

48

Abduction

Away from the midline

49

Adduction

Towards the midline

50

Lateral rotation (external)

Rotating outward

51

Medial rotation (internal)

Rotating inward

52

Plantar flexsion

Pointing toe, pushing down

53

Dorsi flexsion

Bringing toe up, pulling up

54

Ulnar deviation

Tilting towards thumb side

55

Radial deviation

Tilting toward pinky side

56

Pronation

Wrist rotation inward (Palm down)

57

Supination

Wrist rotation outward (Palm up)

58

Elevation

Ex. Shoulder shrugs (up)

59

Depression

Ex. Shoulder shrugs (downward push)

60

Protraction

Ex. Shoulders come forward

61

Retraction

Ex. Shoulder go back

62

Opposition

Fingers across (pinky to thumb)

63

Reposition

Fingers go back

64

Valgus

Force coming outside in

65

Varus

Force from the inside

66

Inversion

Roll ankle towards midline

67

Eversion

Roll ankle outward/ laterally

68

Safety standards for equipment and facilities

Concerns relative to materials, durability, establishment of standards, manufacturing, testing methods, and requirements for use

69

Safety Standards pt 2

-maintenance
-reconditioning

70

What should concern for equipment be?

Safety standards-not appearance

71

Injury due to defect

Manufacturer is liable

72

Modified equipment injury

Modifier is liable

73

Equipment reconditioning

NOCSAE established voluntary testing standards to reduce head injuries (takes into account the type of helmet and intensity usage)

74

NOCSAE helmet standard

Not a warranty and indicates that helmet met requirements of performance tests (should undergo regular reconditioning)

75

Head protection

Direct collision sports require head protection

76

Football helmets

-NOCSAE standards for football helmets
-not always fail-safe
-must be aware of risk (athlete and parents)

77

Helmet warnings

Each helmet must have a visible warning label and athlete must be aware of risks

78

Other sports with helmets

-ice hockey
-lacrosse
-baseball
-cycling
-equestrian

79

Soccer headgear

Designed to reduce risk of concussion due to heading ball. Disperses impact with the foam padding. No research to back up

80

Face protection's four categories

-face guard
-throat protection
-mouth guard
-ear guard
-eye protection

81

Face guard

-reduced facial injuries
-mounted properly with no additional attachments (invalidates the warranty)
-mountings must be flushed to the helmet
-ATC must know how to remove the face guard due to emergency

82

Youth hockey

Face masks are required
-opening cannot allow passage of sticks/pucks

83

Throat protection

-protect against laryngotracheal injuries (rare but fatal)
-baseball catcher, lacrosse and hockey goalies are most at risk

84

Mouth guards

-prevent dental injuries
-protect teeth and minimize lip lacerations

85

Mouth guard fitting

-should not hinder breathing or speech
-extend to far back molar
-formed to fit teeth and upper jaw

86

Mouth guard warranty

Do not cut down. It will void the warranty

87

Three types of mouth guards

-stock
-commercial (boil and bite)
-custom (dental mold)

88

Ear guards

-not common; used in water polo, boxing, wrestling
-prevent ear irritation or deformity

89

eye protection

-most eye injuries are sports related
-blunt trauma

90

Trunk and thorax protection

-essential in many sports
-must protect regions exposed to impact of force (external genitalia, bony protuberances, shoulder, ribs, spine)

91

Risk compensation

Adjusting behavior based on risk

92

Sports bras

-minimize excessive vertical and horizontal movements that occur with running and jumping
-hold breast to chest preventing the stretching of Cooper's ligament

93

Hips and Buttox (sports and types)

-required in collision and high velocity sports
-boxing, snow skiers, equestrian, jockey, water skiers
-girdle and belt types

94

Groin and genitalia protection (types of sports and specific sports, and types of protection)

-high velocity projectiles
-cup protection for males
-stock item that fits into athletic supporter or shorts
-football, baseball, softball

95

Lower extremities protective equipment

-socks
-shoes
(Type, wear and longevity **replace shoes every 3ish months** fit)

96

Foot orthotics

Corrects biomechanical problems that can cause injury

97

Types of foot orthotics

-plastic, thermoplastic, rubber, soberthane, leather support, ready made

98

Who can customize orthotics?

Physician, podiatrist, PT, ATC

99

Ankle braces

-use for prevention (wont prevent injury, but can lessen the injury)
-proprioceptive

100

Shin and lower leg protection

-shin protection used in field hockey and soccer

101

Knee braces

- prevent injuries outer ligaments
-does not necessarily help ACL because it is an inner ligament

102

Types of braces

-rehabilitative (post-op, progressive immobilization, adjustable)
-functional (during and post rehab for support)
-neoprene (medial and lateral support, collateral ligament damage, proprioceptive)

103

Elbow wrist and hand protection

-elbow, wrist, and hand susceptible to fracture, dislocation, ligament sprains, muscle strains
-used by linemen

104

Construction of Protective and Supportive Devices

-ATC should be able to design and construct protective devices
-must have knowledge of theoretical basis of padding and construction
-art form based on science

105

Tools for customizing

-adhesives
-adhesive tape
-heat source (thermomoldable)
-shaping tools (scissors, blades, knives)
-fastening materials (snaps, velcro, laces)

106

Dynamics splints

-injuries in hands and fingers
-Long duration tension on healing structure (cast can make structure stiff)
-combo of thermomoldable plastic, elastic, Velcro