Quiz 1 Male Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Male Deck (31):
1

most common male birth defect characterized by the absence of one or both testes from scrotum

cryptorchism

2

second most common male birth defect

hypospadias

3

phimosis

foreskin can't be retracted

4

paraphimosis

foreskin stuck behind glans

5

varicocele

bag of worms
enlargement of vein draining testicles
usually on left side

6

most common cause of secondary varicocele

renal cell carcinoma

7

hydrocele

accumulation of fluid around testicle from trauma, hernia, orchitis, cancer

8

most common cause of testicular torsion

congenital malformation called bell clapper

9

urethritis

inflammation of urethra
gonnococcal or non-gonnococcal

10

what is most common cause of non-gonnococcal urethritis?

chlamydia trichomatis

11

sequelae of chlamydial urethritis

reactive arthritis (Reiters arthritis) which can lead to
- mucocutaneous lesions on feet (keratoderma blennorrhagica)
- circinate balanitis
- psoriasis like skin lesions

12

HSV 2 hist

multinucleate giant cell
use tzanck smear

13

primary syphilis

chancre

14

secondary syphilis

diffuse rash on palms and soles

15

tertiary syphilis

neuro and cardiac
makes gumma (soft, non-cancerous growth)

16

most common type of testicular tumor

mixed cell (40%)
seminoma (35%) I think this is most common
embryonal carcinoma (20%)
teratoma (5%)

17

HPV can lead to what in men

penile ca (SCC)

18

most common testicular tumor and population

seminoma
40 yo M
increased PLAP
AFP not elevated

19

what is increased in embryonal carcinoma?

HcG
AFP

20

teratoma

product of all three germ layers
small % are malignant
contain normal cells, but not in correct location

21

BPH

increased number of cells
hyperplastic nodules of glands
in periurethral area of prostate

22

most common form of prostate ca

adenocarcinoma (95%)
crowded glands

23

second most common prostate ca

transitional cell carcinoma (4%)

24

third most common prstate ca

scc (1%)

25

how does BPH lead to abnormal urine flow?

nodules compress urethra

26

Does BPH increase risk for ca?

no

27

what is second most common cause of cancer death in males?

prostate ca

28

histology of seminoma

lobules of neoplastic cells with intervening stroma with lymphoid infiltrates
- cells are large with vesicular nuclei and pale cytoplasm

29

#1 cause of urethritis

neisseria

30

#2 cause urethritis

clamydia

31

keratoderma blemoragica

associated with RA from clamydial urethritis