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Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (92)
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31

superordinate goal

a goal that benefits all and necessitates the participation of all

32

SSherif's camp study

Robbers Cave study

33

instrumental aggression

aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain

34

hostile aggression

aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain

35

frustration-aggression hypothesis

the feeling of frestration makes aggression more likely

36

Bandura, Ross, and Ross's experiment

Bobo doll experiment

37

prosocial behavior

behavior in which you help others

38

bystander intervention

the act of helping strangers in an emergency situation

39

diffusion of responsibility

reduction in sense of responsibility often felt by individuals in a group; may be responsible for the bystander effect

40

pluralistic ignorance

no one believes, but everyone thinks that everyone believes

41

similarity, proximity and reciprocal liking

the three factors

42

implosive therapy

behavioral therapy

43

aversive conditioning

behavioral therapy

44

instrumental conditioning

behavioral therapy

45

token economy

behavioral therapy

46

modeling

behavioral therapy

47

attributional style

a person's characteristic way of explaining outcomes of events in his or her life

48

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT or RET)

Cognitive behavioral therapy developed by Albert Ellis. Therapists look to expose and confront the dysfunctional thoughts of their clients.

49

cognitive therapy

developed by Aaron Beck, usually used in treatment of depression, involves trying to get clients to engage in pursuits that will bring them success

50

cognitive triad

theorized by Aaron Beck

51

family therapy

a type of group therapy used to treat families

52

self-help groups

a type of group therapy that does not involve a therapist

53

psychopharmacology/chemotherapy

the use of drugs to treat psychological problems

54

antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptics)

block the receptor sites for dopamine, used to treat schizophrenia, may result in tardive dyskinesia

55

tardive dyskinesia

Parkinsonian-like, chronic muscle tremors

56

drugs used to treat unipolar depression

tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, and serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor drugs (Prozac) which all tend to increase the activity of serotonin

57

lithium

a metal used to trea the manic phase of bipolar disorder

58

drugs used to treat anxiety disorders

barbiturates (Miltown) and benzodiazepines (Xanax and Valium)

59

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

when an electric current is passed through one (unilateral ECT) or both (bilateral ECT) hemispheres of the brain

60

psychosurgery

the purposeful destruction of part of the brain to alter a person's behavior