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Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (92)
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61

prefrontal lobotomy

a type of psychosurgery

62

psychiatrists

medical doctors and are the only therapists permitted to prescribe medication

63

clinical psychologists

psychologists with a Ph. D. and specialize in research, assessment, and therapy

64

counseling psychologists

psychologists with a graduate degree in psychology and treat less severe problems than clinical psychologists do

65

psychoanalysts

people trained specifically in Freudian methods who may or may not hold medical degrees

66

paraphilia

the sexual attraction to an object, person, or activity not usually seen as sexual

67

fetishism

paraphilia

68

pedophilia

paraphilia

69

zoophilia

paraphilia

70

voyeur

paraphilia

71

masochist

paraphilia

72

sadist

paraphilia

73

antisocial personality disorder

little regard for other people's feelings

74

dependent personality disorder

rely too much on the attention and help of others

75

paranoid personality disorder

feel persecuted

76

narcissistic personality disorder

seeing oneself as the center of the universe

77

histronic personality disorder

overly dramatic behavior

78

obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

overly concerned with certain thoughts and performing certain behaviors, but not to the point of obsessive compulsive disorder

79

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder

80

bulimia

eating disorder

81

substance use disorder

regular and negative use of alcohol or other drugs that alter behavior

82

substance dependence

addiction

83

autism

developmental disorder

84

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

developmental disorder

85

Rosenhan Study

study in which healthy individuals were admitted into mental hospitals after saying they were hearing voices. Once in, they acted normally and still were not labeled as impostors.

86

preconventional

reasoning limited to how things affect themselves

87

conventional

choice based on how others will view them

88

postconventional

examines rights and values involved in choice

89

Criticisms of Lawrence Kohlberg

Carol Gilligan noted that his research was based on boys, her research showed that boys and girls had different moral attitudes, but was later disproved

90

biopsychological (neuropsychological) theory of gender development

studies demonstrate that biological differences do exist between the sexes