Flashcards in Unit 1: Neurotransmitters and Receptors Deck (76)
L1: _____ ACh receptors have ionotropic actions.
L1: _____ ACh receptors have metabotropic actions.
L1: Acetylcholine is produced from a reaction between _____ and ______.
Acetyl-CoA and choline
L1: ACh is taken up into vesicles by ______.
Vesical Associated Transporter (VAT)
L1: ACh receptors can be divided into the _____ and ______ categories.
L1: ACh signals are terminated by _____.
Enzymatic degradation by ACh esterase
L1: Epinephrine-binding receptors include ______.
alpha-1, alpha-2, beta-1, and beta-2 adrenergic receptors
L1: GABA receptors include ______.
GABA-A and GABA-B
L1: GABA signals are terminated by ______.
L1: Glutamate is converted to _____ by astrocytes.
L1: Glutamate signals are terminated by _____.
L1: Monoamine signals are terminated by ______.
L1: Monoamines are taken up into vescles by ______.
Vesicular Monoamine Transporter (VMAT)
L1: Monoamines may be degraded in nerve terminals by ______.
Monoamine Oxidase (MAO)
L1: Norepinephrine-binding receptors include ______.
alpha-1, alpha-2, and Beta-1 adrenergic receptors
L1: The most important indoleamine transmitter is ______.
L1: The three most important catecholamines are ______. (3)
Dopamine, EPI, NOR
L1: Which G protein pathway decreases intracellular concentrations of cAMP?
L1: Which G protein pathway depresses adnylyl cyclase (AC)?
L1: Which G protein pathway increases intracellular concentrations of cAMP?
L1: Which G protein pathway increases intracellular concentrations of DAG and IP3?
L1: Which G protein pathway stimulates adenylyl cyclase (AC)?
L1: Which G protein pathway stimulates phospholipase C (PLC)?
L1: Which neurotransmitters participate in diffuse systems?
ACh and Monoamines
L1: Which neurotransmitters participate in hierarchical systems?
Glutamate and GABA
L2: ACh production is catalyzed by ______
Choline Acetyl Transferase (CAT)
L2: ACh receptors include ______.
L2: AMPA receptors increase ____ ion influx
Calcium and Sodium
L2: GABA is produced from ______