Flashcards in Unit 3: Cerebellum Deck (50)
L1: _____ fibers fire when the inferior olivary nucleus detects a discrepancy between planned and actual motor performance
L1: _____ fibers originate in the _______ and contact only a about a dozen Purkinje fibers
Climbing; contralateral inferior olivary nucleus
L1: _____ fibers provide ______ input to granule cells.
L1: Anatomical location of corticocerebellum
L1: Cell layer beneath the molecular layer and above the granule cell layer
Purkinje fiber layer
L1: Cerebellar fibers decussate _______ (rostral/caudal) to the cerebellum
L1: Cerebellar lesions can result in ______ tremors.
L1: Cerebellar lesions result in ___-lateral deficits
L1: Climbing fiber input results in a _____ spike.
L1: Dendrites of Purkinje fibers lie in the _____ layer.
L1: Each ______ cell is contacted by a single _____ fiber.
L1: Input and output of corticocerebellum
L1: Mossy fiber input results in a _____ spike.
L1: The ______ acts as a comparator for actual and expected movement
inferior olivary nucleus
L1: The major inputs to the cerebellum are carried in the ________.
Inferior and middle cerebellar peduncles
L1: The major outputs from the cerebellum are carried in the _______.
Superior cerebellar peduncle
L1: What term? Inability of a patient to bring a limb to the desired/required point in space
L1: What term? Inability of a patient to execute rapid alternating movements
L1: What term? Loss of coordination or timing of muscles
L1: Which anatomical region of the cerebellum does not synapse in the deep nuclei?
L2: ______ have fibers that project to the ______ layer where the bifurcate into ______ fibers.
Granule cells; molecular; parallel
L2: ______: inhibitory interneurons scattered in the molecular layer
Basket and stellate cells
L2: _____-ergic neurons from the _______ supply input to the inferior olivary nucleus
GABA; deep cerebellar nuclei
L2: Anatomical location of spinocerebellum
Vermis and paravermal region
L2: Anatomical location of vestibulocerebellum
L2: Basket cells and stellate cells supply _____ input to Purkinje fibers.
L2: Climbing fiber firing results in activation of Purkinje cells simultaneously with ______, resulting in ________.
Parallel fibers; Long-term depression
L2: Efferent connections: Lateral hemispheres > _____ nucleus > ______
Dentate; contralateral ventrolateral (VL) thalamus to cortex
L2: Efferent connections: Paravermal region > _____ nucleus > _________
Nucleus interpositus; contralateral red nucleus