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Flashcards in Unit 10 Deck (41):
1

"After me, the flood." Lost the Seven Years' War

Louis XV

2

French monarch during French Revolution; he was guillotined in 1794

Louis XVI

3

the negative difference between what a nation accumulates in tax revenue and what it spends in any given year

annual deficit

4

total accumulated deficits

national debt

5

condition under which you pay your creditors a reduced amount or you pay them nothing at all; results in ruined credit

bankruptcy

6

the concept that political power is derived from the people

popular sovereignty

7

states that people enter into a contract with those who govern them when they elect them and that they may REVOLT if their rights are not upheld

social contract theory

8

outlined social contract theory in Two Treatises on Government

John Locke

9

Spirit of the Laws; argued for separation of powers

Baron de Montesquieu

10

well-educated middle class

bourgeoisie

11

term for pre-revolutionary France

ancien regime

12

corporate body comprised of the clergy

1st Estate

13

corporate body composed of the nobility

2nd Estate

14

corporate body composing 97% of French population

3rd Estate

15

giving 10% of income to Church

tithe

16

tax on salt

gabelle

17

body comprised of three French estates

Estates General

18

“notebooks” of complaints brought by delegates to Estates General

cahiers de doleances

19

said nobility was tiny and overprivileged and Third Estate was truly representative of French people

What is the Third Estate?

20

said National Assembly would not disband until they had written a constitution

Oath of the Tennis Court

21

prison stormed by Parisians to gain weapons

Bastille

22

A general fear among the peasants that the aristocracy was going to starve them out after events in Paris

Great Fear

23

passed by the National Assembly; promoted equality before the law, representative govt, individual freedoms

Declaration of the Rights of Man

24

paper money created by the National Assembly

assignats

25

wrote Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790); father of modern conservatism

Edmund Burke

26

pamphlet that criticized the French Revolution as too radical

Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)

27

wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Man and A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Mary Wollstonecraft

28

more radical members of the Jacobin Club

Mountain

29

more moderate members of the Jacobin Club

Girondists

30

political club that supported the Revolution

Jacobins

31

created by the Mountain faction to radicalize the Revolution

Committee of Public Safety

32

radical, left-wing members of the lower-class

san-culottes

33

leader of the Mountain faction of Jacobins; later guillotined

Robespierre

34

dictatorial five man council that ruled from 1797 until 1799

Directory

35

agreement between Napoleon and Catholic Church that re-instated Catholicism in France

Concordat of 1801

36

Napoleon's blockade of European ports; the purpose was to cut the British off from European trade

continental system

37

Napoleon’s last-ditched effort to re-take France in spring 1815

Hundred days

38

final defeat of Napoleon's forces in Belgium by the Quadruple Alliance

Waterloo

39

French monarchy

Bourbons

40

battle in which Britain's navy crushed Napoleon's forces and prevented an invasion of Britain

Trafalgar

41

built Versailles and lost money for France in the War of Spanish Succession (1713)

Louis XIV