Unit 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 17 Deck (23):
1

artistic movement that expressed disapproval of the pre-war establishment and culture by mocking it and criticizing the vices it’s war (WWI) brought about.

Dada

2

19th century philosopher who said idea of being logical and rational stifles human passion, feeling, and “animal instinct”; also said values are relative

Friedrich Nietzsche

3

philosophy that says life has no meaning at all

nihilism

4

outgrowth of nihilism; said there was no supreme being that gave life meaning and established “proper” or absolute values;

Existentialism

5

leading French existentialist; partner of Simone de Beauvoir

Jean Paul Sartre

6

religious thinkers who sought to recreate the religious intensity of the Protestant Reformation

Soren Kierkegaard and Karl Barth

7

he shattered the Newtonian view of science and thus challenged the ideas of progress and rationality by publishing his Theory of Relativity

Albert Einstein

8

he claimed human behavior is the result of constant tension between the RATIONAL conscious self AND the IRRATIONAL, instinctual, primitive unconscious

Sigmund Freud

9

literary technique that emphasizes a confused viewpoint of a single individual and his mind

Stream of consciousness

10

he wrote Ulysses, the story of one day in the life of one man and his thoughts

James Joyce

11

wrote The Decline of the West

Oswald Spengler

12

wrote The Trial, The Castle, The Metamorphosis; all about helpless individuals crushed by societal pressures and forces

Franz Kafka

13

idea that buildings should be useful and functional (serve the purpose for which they are made)

Functionalism

14

School that combined study of fine art (painting and sculpture) with practical arts (printing, weaving, furniture) to make functional things

Bauhaus

15

founder of Bauhaus movement

Walter Gropius

16

Artistic movement that sought to depict inner world of mind, emotion, imagination, psychology

Expressionism

17

The Starry Night

Vincent van Gogh

18

founder of cubism

Pablo Picasso

19

artistic movement that expressed the unconscious

Surrealism

20

leading surrealist

Salvador Dali

21

German statesman that started the beginning of compromise and cooperation between the major powers

Gustav Stresemann

22

solidified post WWI European borders

Locarno Treaty

23

French govt comprised of coalition of communists and socialists

Popular Front