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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (33):
1

Church beliefs, much of which may include dogma

doctrine

2

the state of being unmarried; implies chastity

Celibacy

3

the lack of sexual behavior

chastity

4

holding more than one Church office at one time

clerical pluralism

5

Church office

benefice

6

Dutch reformers who sought to live simply, aid the poor, and use Christ as their model

Brethren of the Common Life

7

universal; including and pertaining to all believers

ecumenical

8

German Catholic monk who sparked Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther

9

Catholic idea that penance and good deeds could gain you salvation

justification by works

10

state of being saved from sin and its consequences (eternal damnation, Hell)

salvation

11

Lutheran idea that salvation comes through simple faith in Christ

justification by faith

12

written by Martin Luther, outlined idea of justification by faith

On Christian Liberty

13

literally, a portion of the Church's treasury of merit that one bought for remission of sins

indulgence

14

published by Martin Luther in 1517; challenged indulgences, papal power, and papal wealth

Ninety-five Theses on the Power of Indulgences

15

self-punishment as a means to obtain forgiveness of sins

penance

16

communion; refers to Christian sacrament of taking the body and blood of Christ as per his instructions at the Last Supper

Eucharist

17

Lutheran idea that the "Church" was the entire community of Christian believers

priesthood of all believers

18

Catholic belief that bread and wine actually become body and blood of Christ during communion

Transubstantiation

19

Lutheran idea that Christ is present at communion spiritually but the bread and wine are NOT actually His body and blood

Consubstantiation

20

written by Martin Luther; said liberty meant freedom from the Catholic Church in Rome, NOT freedom from legally established SECULAR powers (your prince)

Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of the Peasants (1525)

21

German prince that protected Martin Luther once he was deemed a heretic

Frederick the Wise of Saxony

22

said religion in the German lands would be determined by each individual ruling prince; you had to follow the religion of your prince

Peace of Augsburg

23

written by John Calvin; outlined Calvinist thought and doctrine

Institutes of the Christian Religion

24

Calvinist idea that God, at the beginning of time, decided who would be saved and who would be damned

Predestination

25

Protestant group that believed only adults could make a free choice about religious faith

Anabaptists

26

Church of England; created by Henry VIII

Anglican Church

27

cancellation of marriage; as if the marriage never took place; used by Catholic Church, where divorces are against Church doctrine

annulment

28

established Presbyterian Church in Scotland modeled on Calvin's Reformed Church

John Knox

29

Catholic response to Protestant Reformation; addressed numerous abuses within Church while reaffirming much Catholic doctrine

Council of Trent

30

female Catholic order of Counter-Reformation; focused on educating women

Ursuline Order of Nuns

31

male Catholic order of Counter-Reformation; spread faith to Americas and Asia, established Catholic schools

Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

32

founder of Jesuits

Ignatius Loyola

33

list of readings the Catholic Church deemed heretical and against the faith

Index of Prohibited Books