Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (28):
1

weakened the idea that war was ennobling; allow you to kill from a distance

gunpowder

2

Made Catholicism state religion of France

Concordat of Bologna

3

massacre of Calvinists by Catholics in Paris in 1572

St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

4

French Calvinists

Huguenots

5

French moderates that believed French unity was more important than religious differences

politiques

6

1st French politique king

Henry IV

7

granted French Huguenots freedom of worship in specified areas of France

Edict of Nantes

8

ruling dynasty of Spanish and Austria

Habsburgs

9

Spanish king who had to deal with Protestant revolt in the Low Countries

Philip II

10

literally, "Low Countries"

Netherlands

11

catholic leader sent by Philip II to crush revolt of Protestants in the Netherlands

Duke of Alva

12

he consolidated the 17 northern provinces of Netherlands into Union of Utrecht

William of Orange

13

English monarch that supported Protestant revolt in Netherlands

Elizabeth I

14

implicated in plot to assassinate Elizabeth; she was beheaded

Mary, Queen of Scots

15

fleet sent by Philip II to invade England

Spanish Armada

16

event that ignited Thirty Years' War; Protestants threw Catholic officials out the window of castle

Defenestration of Prague

17

religious conflict that divided Germany into mid 17th century

Thirty Years' War

18

Portuguese prince that started the age of exploration

Henry the Navigator

19

Portuguese explorer who reached the Cape of Good Hope

Batholomew Diaz

20

Portuguese explorer who reached India

Vasco da Gama

21

small, light, three-masted ship

caravel

22

helped determine latitude

astrolabe

23

circumnavigated globe

Ferdinand Magellan

24

conquered Aztecs

Hernan Cortes

25

conquered Incas

Francisco Pizarro

26

used the essay to express thoughts; skeptic

Michel de Montaigne

27

School of thought founded on doubt that total certainty or definitive knowledge is attainable

skepticism

28

artistic movement influenced by Counterreformation’s desire to appeal to sense of common man and move them emotionally

Baroque