Unit 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 16 Deck (36):
1

German emperor (Kaiser) whose militarism helped cause the First World War

Wilhelm II

2

German chancellor who unified Germany in 1871; dismissed by the new German Kaiser in 1890

Otto von Bismarck

3

refers to Germany's attempt to become a world power with its navy; means "world politics"

Weltpolitik

4

refers to Bismarck's attempt to use practical political considerations in foreign policy and domestic policy

Realpolitik

5

re-alignment of alliances from 1890-1914 that caused France, Russia, and Great Britain to form the Triple Entente

Diplomatic Revolution

6

alliance between Germany and Russia that isolated France and prevented Germany from fighting two-front war

Reinsurance Treaty of 1887

7

big-gun battleships

Dreadnoughts

8

German naval theorist who called for a large German navy that would challenge Britain for world power

Alfred von Tirpitz

9

World War I alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia

Triple Entente

10

World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

Triple Alliance

11

ethnic group in the Balkans who were the primary nationalist agitators against Austro-Hungarian rule

Serbs

12

heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne assassinated in Sarajevo in June 1914

Franz Ferdinand

13

assassin of Austro-Hungarian archduke

Gavrilo Princip

14

Emperor of Austria-Hungary

Franz Joseph

15

diplomatic crisis that led to the start of World War I

July Crisis

16

term to describe the idea that Germany urged Austria-Hungary to be aggressive toward Serbia after the Archduke's assassination

blank check

17

German war plan that called for an attack through Belgium into France

Schlieffen Plan

18

largest battle of World War I; over 1.1 million casualties

Somme

19

the concept that the entire population of a nation should be mobilized for a war

total war

20

Irish nationalist rebellion of 1916 put down by the British

Easter Rebellion

21

radical German socialist; murdered in aftermath of WWI by right-wing Germans

Karl Liebknecht

22

radical female German socialist; murdered in aftermath of WWI by right-wing Germans

Rosa Luxemburg

23

Russian tsar; murdered by Bolsheviks in 1917

Nicholas II

24

"holy man" who influenced Russian empress during war; murdered by Russian aristocracy

Rasputin

25

moderate liberal leader of the 1st Russian Revolution that resulted in tsar's abdication

Alexander Kerensky

26

radical Bolshevik leader of the 2nd Russian Revolution (October Revolution)

Vladimir Lenin

27

Bolshevik military leader of Petrograd Soviet; later organized Red Army

Leon Trotsky

28

workers council of St Petersburg

Petrograd Soviet

29

radical socialist revolutionaries of Russian Revolution

Bolsheviks

30

treaty that ended WWI on eastern front between Germany and Russia

Treaty of Brest Litovsk

31

British prime minister at Versailles Peace Conference

David Lloyd George

32

French leader at Versailles Peace Conference

Georges Clemenceau

33

treaty that ended the First World War

Versailles Treaty

34

British promise to give part of Palestine to Jews for a homeland

Balfour Declaration

35

Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace following WWI

Fourteen Points

36

international organization that would help prevent another war; the most important point in Wilson's peace plan

League of Nations