Unit 18 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

AP Euro > Unit 18 Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 18 Part 1 Deck (21):
1

regime whose purpose is to gain TOTAL control over the masses of people and mobilize them to CHANGE society

radical totalitarian dictatorship

2

regime whose purpose is to prevent major changes that would undermine existing order and to maintain STATUS QUO

conservative dictatorship

3

Lenin's program of limited economic freedom in an attempt to rebuild agriculture and industry

New Economic Policy

4

when the government takes over all industrial production

nationalization

5

when the government takes over all agricultural production

collectivization

6

Soviet dictator from 1927-1953

Joseph Stalin

7

Bolshevik that organized the Red Army and challenged Stalin for the Soviet leadership; murdered in Mexico City in 194

Leon Trotsky

8

Stalin's idea that USSR could build socialist country on own and be self-sufficient

"socialism in one country"

9

Stalin's plans of forced nationalization and collectivization whose purpose it was to stimulate the Soviet economy

Five Year Plans

10

Stalin's removal of anyone he saw as a threat to his power; resulted in more loyal Communist Party by early 1940s

Great Purge of 1937

11

political ideology that combines extreme nationalism, totalitarianism, and the importance of the state above all else

Fascism

12

Fascist dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943

Benito Mussolini

13

private army of the Fascist Party in Italy under Mussolini

Black Shirts

14

Mussolini recognized the Vatican as an independent state

Lateran Agreement of 1929

15

fascist party in Germany; led by Adolf Hitler

National Socialist German Workers' Party

16

fascist dictator of Nazi Germany

Adolf Hitler

17

anti-semitic mayor of Vienna; inspired Hitler with his use of anti-semitism in politics

Karl Lueger

18

idea that Germany didn't lose World War I, but was "stabbed in the back" by traitors at home who made peace too early

Dolchstoss

19

Hitler's failed attempt to overthrow the German government in 1923

Beer Hall Putsch

20

Hitler's book that he wrote while in prison

Mein Kampf

21

literally means "living space"; idea that Germany needed to expand its territory

Lebensraum