Unit 18 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 18 Part 2 Deck (25):
1

government of Germany from 1919 to 1933

Weimar Republic

2

law passed by Nazis that gave Hitler dictatorial powers

Enabling Act

3

1st Nazi concentration camp; created to imprison political opponents of Nazis

Dachau

4

private para-military force of Nazis; intimidated political and racial opponents

SA (Brownshirts)

5

originally Hitler's "protection squads"; later ran concentration and death camps

SS

6

Nazi Germany's takeover of Austria

Anschluss

7

German-speaking portion of Cechoslovakia

Sudetenland

8

agreement that allowed Hitler to avoid a two front war and gave Germany and the USSR pieces of Poland

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

9

established ratios for British and German navies; implied Germany was allowed to re-arm

Anglo-German Naval Agreement

10

British policy of granting Hitler most things he wanted in order to avoid war

appeasement

11

dictator of Spain

Francisco Franco

12

meeting in which the Sudetenland was given to Hitler and Nazi Germany

Munich Conference

13

Polish city that Hitler demanded from Poland in 1939

Danzig

14

French port the British were trapped at before their withdrawal to Britain

Dunkirk

15

French government that was friendly to the Nazis after the German defeat of France

Vichy France

16

French leader of Vichy France

Henri Petain

17

Air battle between Royal Air Force (RAF) and German Luftwaffe over English Channel for control of skies

Battle of Britain

18

German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941

Operation Barbarossa

19

turning point of the war on the eastern front; Soviet victory

Battle of Stalingrad

20

code name for the Allied invasion of northern France in June 1944

Operation Overlord

21

laws that defined who a Jew was and that denied German Jews of their citizenship

Nuremberg Laws

22

1938; first organized attack on German Jews; resulted in Jewish emigration

Kristallnacht

23

the Nazi plan to murder EVERY Jew in Europe in a systematic way (murdered 6 million)

Final Solution

24

largest of 6 Nazi death camps in Poland

Auschwitz

25

leader of Nazi SS

Heinrich Himmler