Unit 7 Flashcards Preview

AP Euro > Unit 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 7 Deck (27):
1

An outlook on life, or worldview, or “lens” through which a person looks at world

ideology

2

Greek philosopher whose ideas heavily influenced traditional European ideas about the universe

Aristotle

3

Polish scientist who was the first to challenge traditional ideas about the universe; theorized a heliocentric universe

Copernicus

4

astronomical theory that says the sun is the center of the solar system

heliocentric

5

astronomical theory that says the Earth is the center of the universe

geocentric

6

book that outlined the Copernican hypothesis

On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (1543)

7

Danish; built most sophisticated observatory of his time; gathered massive amounts of astronomical data

Tyco Brahe

8

postulated three laws of planetary motion, all of which proved the Copernican hypothesis

Johannes Kepler

9

perfected the experimental method; suggested the law of inertia; used the telescope to further prove the Copernican hypothesis

Galileo Galilei

10

explained the law of universal gravitation; synthesized ideas of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo; explained WHY bodies did as they did

Isaac Newton

11

Issac Newton's masterpiece

Principia

12

philosophical movement that sought to use the methods of the Scientific Revolution to explain the social world

Enlightenment

13

Enlightened political theorist; said humans are born with a blank slate of a mind upon which experience acts

John Locke

14

most famous work by John Locke; emphasized importance of education and society in determining mental development

Essay Concerning Human Understanding

15

French intellectuals that spread enlightened ideas

philosophes

16

Frenchman who wrote The Spirit of the Laws in which he argued for separation of powers in government

Baron de Montesquieu

17

Baron de Montesquieu's veiled critique of European practices

Persian Letters

18

most famous philosophe of the Enlightenment

Voltaire

19

edited work that sought to outline all known human knowledge through rational, scientifically researched articles

Encyclopedia

20

argued that the general will and popular sovereignty were important concepts in government

Rousseau

21

idea that political power is derived from the the people; the people give power to their rulers

popular sovereignty

22

most famous work of Rousseau

The Social Contract

23

artistic style of pastel colors, ornate interiors, and love themes; popularized by females during Enlightenment

rococo

24

enlightened Prussian monarch

Frederick the Great

25

enlightened Russian monarch

Catherine the Great

26

Austrian monarch who gained throne through Pragmatic Sanction

Maria Theresa

27

most enlightened Austrian monarch; freed serfs

Joseph II